Mirror

A mirror, reflecting a vase
A first surface mirror coated with aluminum and enhanced with dielectric coatings. The angle of the incident light (represented by both the light in the mirror and the shadow behind it) matches the exact angle of reflection (the reflected light shining on the table).
Mirror image in a surveillance mirror, which reflects the person taking the photo.

A mirror is an object that reflects light in such a way that, for incident light in some range of wavelengths, the reflected light preserves many or most of the detailed physical characteristics of the original light, called specular reflection. This is different from other light-reflecting objects that do not preserve much of the original wave signal other than color and diffuse reflected light, such as flat-white paint.

The most familiar type of mirror is the plane mirror, which has a flat surface. Curved mirrors are also used, to produce magnified or diminished images or focus light or simply distort the reflected image.

Mirrors are commonly used for personal grooming or admiring oneself (where they are also called looking-glasses), for viewing the area behind and on the sides on motor vehicles while driving, for decoration, and architecture. Mirrors are also used in scientific apparatus such as telescopes and lasers, cameras, and industrial machinery. Most mirrors are designed for visible light; however, mirrors designed for other wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation are also used.

Types of glass mirrors

There are many types of glass mirrors, each representing a different manufacturing process and reflection type.

An aluminium glass mirror is made of a float glass manufactured using vacuum coating, i.e. aluminium powder is evaporated (or "sputtered") onto the exposed surface of the glass in a vacuum chamber and then coated with two or more layers of waterproof protective paint.[citation needed]

A low aluminium glass mirror is manufactured by coating silver and two layers of protective paint on the back surface of glass. A low aluminium glass mirror is very clear, light transmissive, smooth, and reflects accurate natural colors. This type of glass is widely used for framing presentations and exhibitions in which a precise color representation of the artwork is truly essential or when the background color of the frame is predominantly white.[citation needed]

A safety glass mirror is made by adhering a special protective film to the back surface of a silver glass mirror, which prevents injuries in case the mirror is broken. This kind of mirror is used for furniture, doors, glass walls, commercial shelves, or public areas.[citation needed]

A silkscreen printed glass mirror is produced using inorganic color ink that prints patterns through a special screen onto glass. Various colors, patterns, and glass shapes are available. Such a glass mirror is durable and more moisture resistant than ordinary printed glass and can serve for over 20 years. This type of glass is widely used for decorative purposes (e.g., on mirrors, table tops, doors, windows, kitchen chop boards, etc.).[citation needed]

A silver glass mirror is an ordinary mirror, coated on its back surface with silver, which produces images by reflection. This kind of glass mirror is produced by coating a silver, copper film and two or more layers of waterproof paint on the back surface of float glass, which perfectly resists acid and moisture. A silver glass mirror provides clear and actual images, is quite durable, and is widely used for furniture, bathroom and other decorative purposes.[citation needed]

Decorative glass mirrors are usually handcrafted. A variety of shades, shapes and glass thickness are often available.[citation needed]

Other Languages
العربية: مرآة
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܡܚܙܝܬܐ
asturianu: Espeyu
Avañe'ẽ: Ñeangecha
azərbaycanca: Güzgü
تۆرکجه: گؤزگو
বাংলা: দর্পণ
Bahasa Banjar: Caramin
Bân-lâm-gú: Kiàⁿ
беларуская: Люстра
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Люстра
български: Огледало
bosanski: Ogledalo
brezhoneg: Melezour
català: Mirall
Чӑвашла: Тĕкĕр
čeština: Zrcadlo
Cymraeg: Drych
dansk: Spejl
Deitsch: Schpiggel
Deutsch: Spiegel
eesti: Peegel
Ελληνικά: Κάτοπτρο
эрзянь: Чавачамо
español: Espejo
Esperanto: Spegulo
euskara: Ispilu
فارسی: آینه
français: Miroir
Gaeilge: Scáthán
galego: Espello
한국어: 거울
հայերեն: Հայելի
हिन्दी: दर्पण
hrvatski: Zrcalo
Ido: Spegulo
Ilokano: Sarming
Bahasa Indonesia: Cermin
italiano: Specchio
עברית: מראה
Basa Jawa: Pengilon
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕನ್ನಡಿ
ქართული: სარკე
қазақша: Айна
Kreyòl ayisyen: Glas (pou gade)
kurdî: Awêne
Latina: Speculum
latviešu: Spogulis
lietuvių: Veidrodis
Limburgs: Spegel
lumbaart: Spegg
magyar: Tükör
македонски: Огледало
മലയാളം: കണ്ണാടി
मराठी: आरसा
Bahasa Melayu: Cermin
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Giáng
Mirandés: Speilho
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကြည့်မှန်
Nāhuatl: Tezcatl
Nederlands: Spiegel (optica)
Nedersaksies: Spegel
नेपाली: ऐना
नेपाल भाषा: न्हाय्‌कं
日本語:
norsk: Speil
norsk nynorsk: Spegel
Nouormand: Mireus
occitan: Miralh
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Koʻzgu
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸ਼ੀਸ਼ਾ
پښتو: هينداره
polski: Lustro
português: Espelho
română: Oglindă
Runa Simi: Rirpu
русиньскый: Зеркало
русский: Зеркало
sicilianu: Specchiu
සිංහල: දර්පණ
Simple English: Mirror
سنڌي: آرسي
slovenčina: Zrkadlo
slovenščina: Zrcalo
کوردی: ئاوێنە
српски / srpski: Ogledalo
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ogledalo
Basa Sunda: Kaca eunteung
suomi: Peili
svenska: Spegel
తెలుగు: దర్పణం
тоҷикӣ: Оина
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏓᏎᏘ
Türkçe: Ayna
українська: Дзеркало
اردو: آئینہ
vepsän kel’: Zerkol
Tiếng Việt: Gương
Võro: Piigli
Winaray: Espiho
吴语: 平面镜
ייִדיש: שפיגל
粵語:
žemaitėška: Zelkorios
中文: