State of Minnesota
Land of 10,000 Lakes;
North Star State; The Gopher State; Agate State; True North; State of Hockey.
L'Étoile du Nord (French: The Star of the North)
Anthem: Hail! Minnesota
Map of the United States with Minnesota highlighted
Map of the United States with Minnesota highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodMinnesota Territory
Admitted to the UnionMay 11, 1858 (32nd)
CapitalSaint Paul
Largest cityMinneapolis
Largest metroMinneapolis–Saint Paul
 • GovernorTim Walz (DFL)
 • Lieutenant GovernorPeggy Flanagan (DFL)
 • Total86,936 sq mi (225,163 km2)
 • Land79,610 sq mi (206,375 km2)
 • Water7,329 sq mi (18,990 km2)  8.40%
Area rank12th
 • Lengthc. 600 mi (c. 950 km)
 • Widthc. 200–351 mi (c. 350–600 km)
1,200 ft (370 m)
Highest elevation2,301 ft (701 m)
Lowest elevation602[3] ft (183 m)
 • Total5,679,718 (2,018)[4]
 • Rank22nd
 • Density68.9/sq mi (26.6/km2)
 • Density rank30th (2015 est.)
 • Median household income
$68,388 [5]
 • Income rank
Time zoneUTC-06:00 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-05:00 (CDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-MN
Trad. abbreviationMinn.
LegislatureMinnesota Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsAmy Klobuchar (DFL)
Tina Smith (DFL)
U.S. House delegation5 Democrats
3 Republicans (mn.gov
Minnesota state symbols
Flag of Minnesota.svg
Seal of Minnesota.svg
Living insignia
BirdCommon loon
FlowerPink-and-white lady's slipper
TreeNorway pine[6]
Inanimate insignia
GemstoneLake Superior agate
OtherPhotograph: Grace
State route marker
Minnesota state route marker
State quarter
Minnesota quarter dollar coin
Released in 2005
Lists of United States state symbols

Minnesota (ə/ (About this soundlisten)) is a state in the Upper Midwest, Great Lakes, and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U.S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has many lakes, and is known as the "Land of 10,000 Lakes". Its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord (French: Star of the North).

Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U.S. states; nearly 55% of its residents live in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area (known as the "Twin Cities").[7] This area has the largest concentration of transportation, business, industry, education, and government in the state. Urban centers in "Greater Minnesota" include Duluth, Mankato, Moorhead, Rochester and Saint Cloud.[8]

The geography of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture; deciduous forests in the southeast, now partially cleared, farmed, and settled; and the less populated North Woods, used for mining, forestry, and recreation.

Before Europeans arrived, Minnesota was inhabited for thousands of years by various indigenous peoples, some of whom continue to reside in Minnesota today. French explorers, missionaries, and fur traders began exploring the region in the 17th century, encountering the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe tribes. Much of what is now Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, which was purchased by the United States in 1803. Following several territorial reorganizations, Minnesota in its current form was admitted as the country's 32nd state on May 11, 1858. Like many Midwestern states, it remained sparsely populated and centered on lumber and agriculture. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, many European immigrants, mainly from Scandinavia and Germany, began to settle the state, which remains a center of Scandinavian American and German American culture.

In recent decades immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America has broadened Minnesota's demographics and culture. Its economy has greatly diversified, shifting from traditional activities such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, and the state is also among the best-educated and wealthiest in the nation.[9]


The word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River, which got its name from one of two words in the Dakota language: "Mnísóta", which means "clear blue water",[10][11] or "Mnißota", which means cloudy water.[12][13][14] Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mnisota.[14] Many places in the state have similar names, such as Minnehaha Falls ("curling water" or waterfall), Minneiska ("white water"), Minneota ("much water"), Minnetonka ("big water"), Minnetrista ("crooked water"), and Minneapolis, a hybrid word combining mni ("water") and polis (Greek for "city").[15]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Minnesota
አማርኛ: ሚንሶታ
Ænglisc: Minnesota
العربية: مينيسوتا
aragonés: Minnesota
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܡܢܝܣܘܬܐ
arpetan: Minnesota
asturianu: Minnesota
Avañe'ẽ: Minnesota
Aymar aru: Minnesota suyu
azərbaycanca: Minnesota
বাংলা: মিনেসোটা
Bân-lâm-gú: Minnesota
беларуская: Мінесота
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мінэсота
भोजपुरी: मिनेसोटा
Bikol Central: Minnesota
Bislama: Minnesota
български: Минесота
Boarisch: Minnesota
bosanski: Minnesota
brezhoneg: Minnesota
буряад: Миннесота
català: Minnesota
Чӑвашла: Миннесота
Cebuano: Minnesota
čeština: Minnesota
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Minnesota
corsu: Minnesota
Cymraeg: Minnesota
dansk: Minnesota
davvisámegiella: Minnesota
Deutsch: Minnesota
eesti: Minnesota
Ελληνικά: Μινεσότα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Minneśòta
español: Minesota
Esperanto: Minesoto
euskara: Minnesota
Fiji Hindi: Minnesota
føroyskt: Minnesota
français: Minnesota
Frysk: Minnesota
Gaeilge: Minnesota
Gaelg: Minnesota
Gagauz: Minnesota
Gàidhlig: Minnesota
galego: Minnesota
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Minnesota
хальмг: Миннесота
한국어: 미네소타주
Hausa: Minnesota
Hawaiʻi: Minekoka
հայերեն: Մինեսոտա
हिन्दी: मिनेसोटा
hornjoserbsce: Minnesota
hrvatski: Minnesota
Ilokano: Minnesota
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মিনেসোটা
Bahasa Indonesia: Minnesota
interlingua: Minnesota
Interlingue: Minnesota
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᒦᓃᓲᑖ
Iñupiak: Minnesota
isiXhosa: IMinasotha
íslenska: Minnesota
italiano: Minnesota
עברית: מינסוטה
Jawa: Minnesota
Kabɩyɛ: Minesootaa
Kapampangan: Minnesota
ქართული: მინესოტა
қазақша: Миннесота
kernowek: Minnesota
Kiswahili: Minnesota
Kreyòl ayisyen: Minesota
kurdî: Minnesota
кырык мары: Миннесота
Ladino: Minnesota
Latina: Minnesota
latviešu: Minesota
Lëtzebuergesch: Minnesota
lietuvių: Minesota
Ligure: Minnesota
Limburgs: Minnesota
Lingua Franca Nova: Minnesota
lumbaart: Minnesota
magyar: Minnesota
मैथिली: मिनिसोटा
македонски: Минесота
Malagasy: Minnesota
മലയാളം: മിനസോട്ട
Māori: Minnesota
मराठी: मिनेसोटा
მარგალური: მინესოტა
مازِرونی: مینه‌سوتا
Bahasa Melayu: Minnesota
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Minnesota
монгол: Миннесота
Dorerin Naoero: Minnesota
Nederlands: Minnesota
नेपाली: मिनिसोटा
नेपाल भाषा: मिनेसोता
日本語: ミネソタ州
нохчийн: Миннесота
Nordfriisk: Minnesota
norsk: Minnesota
norsk nynorsk: Minnesota
occitan: Minnesòta
олык марий: Миннесота
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Minnesota
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਿਨੇਸੋਟਾ
پنجابی: منی سوٹا
Papiamentu: Minnesota
Piemontèis: Minnesota
Plattdüütsch: Minnesota
polski: Minnesota
português: Minnesota
română: Minnesota
rumantsch: Minnesota
Runa Simi: Minnesota suyu
русский: Миннесота
саха тыла: Миннесота
संस्कृतम्: मिनेसोटा
sardu: Minnesota
Scots: Minnesota
Seeltersk: Minnesota
shqip: Minnesota
sicilianu: Minnesota
Simple English: Minnesota
slovenčina: Minnesota
slovenščina: Minnesota
ślůnski: Minnesota
Soomaaliga: Minnesota
کوردی: مینیسۆتا
српски / srpski: Минесота
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Minnesota
suomi: Minnesota
svenska: Minnesota
Tagalog: Minnesota
Taqbaylit: Minnesota
татарча/tatarça: Миннесота
తెలుగు: మిన్నసోటా
тоҷикӣ: Миннесота
Türkçe: Minnesota
українська: Міннесота
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Minnésota Shitati
Tiếng Việt: Minnesota
Volapük: Minnesota
Winaray: Minnesota
ייִדיש: מינעסאטע
Yorùbá: Minnesota
Zazaki: Minnesota
Zeêuws: Minnesota
žemaitėška: Mėnesuota