Ministry of Labour, Migrations and Social Security (Spain)

Ministry of Labour, Migrations and Social Security
Ministerio de Trabajo, Migraciones
y Seguridad Social
Logotipo del Ministerio de Trabajo, Migraciones y Seguridad Social.svg
Gobierno de Pedro Sánchez en la XII Legislatura 06 (cropped).jpg.png
Magdalena Valerio, current Minister of Labour, Migrations and Social Security
Agency overview
FormedMay 8, 1920
Preceding agency
  • Ministry of Employment and Social Security
JurisdictionSpanish government
HeadquartersNuevos Ministerios, Agustín de Bethencourt Street 4, (Madrid)
Annual budget49,3 billions[1]
Agency executive
WebsiteMinistry of Employment and Social Security(in Spanish)

The Ministry of Labour, Migrations and Social Security is the ministerial department of the Government of Spain created on 2011 with competences to develop the government's policy in Employment, Social Security, Foreigners, Immigration and Emigration. The department was called the Ministry of Employment and Social Security from December 2011 to June 2018.


The Ministry of Employment was created in the government of Eduardo Dato on May 8, 1920.[2] It had previously existed Institute of Social Reforms (1903, heir of the Social Reform Commission, 1883) and the National Institute of Foresight (1908), which were integrated into the new Department. It also obtained the powers of the newly disappeared Ministry of Supply (1918-1920). It was also included in the structure of the ministry the Bureau of Labor of the Directorate General of Trade, Industry and Labor, the Emigration Council and the Board of Engineers and Pensioners Abroad.[3] The functions of the Labor Inspectorate (1906), were also given to the new ministry.

In the Second Republic, the Minister Francisco Largo Caballero was issued the Decree about Workers Associations, through which these entities passed to the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Labor from the Governation Ministry.[4]

Under the Franco dictatorship and the suppression of freedom of association, demonstration and strike as well as collective bargaining, the Ministry, without prejudice to the work of the Vertical Union, expanded its capacity for action, establishing up to the detail of working conditions.

After the restoration of democracy, Social Security competences passed in 1977 to the newly created Ministry of Health, although Employment Ministry recovered them in 1981. In 1978 the National Employment Institute was created. Later, the creation in 1988 of the Ministry of Social Affairs meant the loss of social policies. Nevertheless, both Departments merged in 1996, after the electoral victory of the Popular Party, assigning itself for the first time the organisms Institute of the Woman and Institute of the Youth.

In 2004, with José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero as President of the Government, the Ministry of Employment assumes the immigration powers that until now resided in the Ministry of the Interior. In terms of social policies, in 2008 they were distributed between the Ministry of Education and the newly created Ministry of Equality (Now ministry of Health and Ministry of Equality have been merged).

In the X Legislature, from December 22, 2011, the Ministry is renamed Employment and Social Security, while retaining the same competencies.