Mindanao

Mindanao
Mindanao Red.png
Mindanao mainland in red;
its associated islands in maroon
Mindanao is located in Philippines
Mindanao
Mindanao
Location within the Philippines
Geography
LocationPhilippines
Coordinates8°00′N 125°00′E / 8°00′N 125°00′E / 8.000; 125.000
  • Dinagat
  • Siargao
  • Samal
  • Camiguin
  • Area97,530 km2 (37,660 sq mi)[1]
    Area rank19th
    Highest elevation2,954 m (9,692 ft)
    Highest pointMount Apo
    Administration
    Regions
    Provinces
    Largest settlementDavao City (pop. 1,632,991)
    Demographics
    DemonymMindanaoan/Mindanawan/Mindanawon
    Population25,537,691 (2018) (Mindanao island group) (2010)[2]
    Pop. density243 /km2 (629 /sq mi)
    Ethnic groups

    Mindanao (/ (About this soundlisten)), or still commonly known as Southern Philippines, is the second-largest island in the Philippines. Mindanao and the smaller islands surrounding it make up the island group of the same name. Located in the southern region of the archipelago, as of the 2010 census, the main island was inhabited by 20,281,545 people, while the entire Mindanao island group had an estimated total of 25,537,691 (2018) residents.

    According to the 2015 Philippine Population Census, Davao City is the most populous city on the island, with a population of 1,632,991 residents, followed by Zamboanga City (pop. 861,799), Cagayan de Oro City (pop. 675,950), General Santos City (pop. 594,446), Iligan City (pop. 342,618), Butuan City (pop. 337,063) and Cotabato City (pop. 299,438).[3] About 70% of residents identify as Christian, and 20% identify as Muslim.[4] Mindanao is divided into six regions: the Zamboanga Peninsula, Northern Mindanao, the Caraga region, the Davao region, Soccsksargen, and the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM).

    Native ethnic groups in Mindanao include the Lumads (namely the Subanons of the Zamboanga Peninsula;[5] the Bukidnon, the Ata Manobos, the Mamanwas, the Matigsalugs, the Agusan Manobos, the Talaandigs, the Kamigins, and the Higaonons of Northern Mindanao and the region of Caraga;[6][7] the T'bolis, the Tirurays, the B'laans, the Sarangani, and the Cotabato Manobos of the region of SOCCSKSARGEN; and the Obo, the Mandayas, the Giangans, the Tagabawas, the Kalagans, the Sangirese, and the Mansaka of the Davao region[8]) and the Moros (namely the Maguindanaos, the Maranaos, the Tausugs, the Yakans, the Iranuns, and the Sama, mainly concentrated within the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Joining them are the equally indigenous Visayan groups in coastal areas like the Butuanons, Surigaonons, and Kagay-anons of Northern Mindanao and the Caraga region as well as the Zamboangueños of the eponymous peninsula, along with descendants of modern settlers from the Visayas and Luzon (chiefly from the former), among them the Cebuanos and the Hiligaynons.

    Mindanao is considered the major breadbasket of the Philippines,[9] with eight of the top 10 agri-commodities exported from the Philippines coming from the island group itself.[10]

    Mindanao is known for its moniker being The Philippines' Land of Promise.[11]

    Etymology

    The name "Mindanao" is derived from the Spanish corruption of the name of the Maguindanao people, the dominant ruling ethnic group in the Sultanate of Maguindanao in southwestern Mindanao during the Spanish colonial period. The name itself means "people of the lake (Lanao)", though it is usually translated to "people of the flood plains" in modern sources.[12]

    Other Languages
    Afrikaans: Mindanao
    العربية: مينداناو
    asturianu: Mindanao
    azərbaycanca: Mindanao
    Banjar: Mindanao
    Bân-lâm-gú: Mindanao
    беларуская: Мінданаа (востраў)
    беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мінданао (востраў)
    Bikol Central: Mindanao
    български: Минданао
    bosanski: Mindanao
    brezhoneg: Mindanao
    català: Mindanao
    Cebuano: Mindanao
    čeština: Mindanao
    Chavacano de Zamboanga: Mindanao
    Cymraeg: Mindanao
    dansk: Mindanao
    Deutsch: Mindanao
    eesti: Mindanao
    Ελληνικά: Μιντανάο
    español: Mindanao
    Esperanto: Mindanao
    euskara: Mindanao
    فارسی: میندانائو
    français: Mindanao
    Gàidhlig: Mindanao
    galego: Mindanao
    한국어: 민다나오섬
    հայերեն: Մինդանաո
    हिन्दी: मिन्दनाओ
    hrvatski: Mindanao
    Ilokano: Mindanao
    Bahasa Indonesia: Mindanao
    interlingua: Mindanao
    íslenska: Mindanao
    italiano: Mindanao
    עברית: מינדנאו
    Jawa: Mindanao
    Kapampangan: Mindanao
    ქართული: მინდანაო
    қазақша: Минданао
    Kiswahili: Mindanao
    Кыргызча: Минданао
    кырык мары: Минданао
    Latina: Mindanaum
    latviešu: Mindanao
    lietuvių: Mindanao
    magyar: Mindanao
    македонски: Минданао
    മലയാളം: മിന്ദനാവോ
    Bahasa Melayu: Mindanao
    Nederlands: Mindanao
    norsk: Mindanao
    norsk nynorsk: Mindanao
    oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mindanao
    پنجابی: مینڈاناؤ
    polski: Mindanao
    português: Mindanau
    română: Mindanao
    саха тыла: Минданао
    Scots: Mindanao
    Simple English: Mindanao
    slovenščina: Mindanao
    српски / srpski: Минданао
    srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mindanao
    suomi: Mindanao
    svenska: Mindanao
    Tagalog: Mindanao
    Türkçe: Mindanao
    українська: Мінданао (острів)
    Tiếng Việt: Mindanao
    Winaray: Mindanao
    粵語: 棉蘭老島
    中文: 棉兰老岛