Milk

A glass of pasteurized cow's milk

Milk is a white liquid nutrient-rich food produced by the mammary glands of mammals. It is the primary source of nutrition for infant mammals (including humans who are breastfed) before they are able to digest other types of food. Early-lactation milk contains colostrum, which carries the mother's antibodies to its young and can reduce the risk of many diseases. It contains many other nutrients[1] including protein and lactose. Interspecies consumption of milk is not uncommon, particularly among humans, many of whom consume the milk of other mammals.[2][3]

As an agricultural product, milk is extracted from farm animals during or soon after pregnancy. Dairy farms produced about 730 million tonnes of milk in 2011,[4] from 260 million dairy cows.[5] India is the world's largest producer of milk, and is the leading exporter of skimmed milk powder, yet it exports few other milk products.[6][7] The ever increasing rise in domestic demand for dairy products and a large demand-supply gap could lead to India being a net importer of dairy products in the future.[8] The United States, India, China and Brazil are the world's largest exporters of milk and milk products.[9] China and Russia were the world's largest importers of milk and milk products until 2016 when both countries became self-sufficient, contributing to a worldwide glut of milk.[10]

Throughout the world, more than six billion people consume milk and milk products. Over 750 million people live in dairy farming households.[11]

Etymology

The term "milk" comes from "Old English meoluc (West Saxon), milc (Anglian), from Proto-Germanic *meluks "milk" (source also of Old Norse mjolk, Old Frisian melok, Old Saxon miluk, Dutch melk, Old High German miluh, German Milch, Gothic miluks)".[12]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Melk
Alemannisch: Milch
አማርኛ: ወተት
Ænglisc: Meolc
العربية: حليب
aragonés: Leit
armãneashti: Lapti
অসমীয়া: গাখীৰ
asturianu: Lleche
Atikamekw: Tcotcocanapo
Avañe'ẽ: Kamby
Aymar aru: Millk'i
azərbaycanca: Süd
تۆرکجه: سود
bamanankan: Nɔnɔ
বাংলা: দুধ
Bahasa Banjar: Banyu susu
Bân-lâm-gú: Leng
Basa Banyumasan: Susu
башҡортса: Һөт
беларуская: Малако
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Малако
भोजपुरी: दूध
български: Мляко
Boarisch: Muich
bosanski: Mlijeko
brezhoneg: Laezh
буряад: Һүн
català: Llet
Чӑвашла: Сĕт
čeština: Mléko
chiShona: Mukaka
corsu: Latti
Cymraeg: Llaeth
dansk: Mælk
Deitsch: Millich
Deutsch: Milch
Diné bizaad: Abeʼ
eesti: Piim
Ελληνικά: Γάλα
эрзянь: Ловсо
español: Leche
Esperanto: Lakto
estremeñu: Lechi
euskara: Esne
Fiji Hindi: Duudh
føroyskt: Mjólk
français: Lait
Frysk: Molke
furlan: Lat
Gaeilge: Bainne
Gaelg: Bainney
Gàidhlig: Bainne
galego: Leite
贛語:
ગુજરાતી: દૂધ
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌼𐌹𐌻𐌿𐌺𐍃
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Ngiù-nen
한국어:
Հայերեն: Կաթ
हिन्दी: दूध
hrvatski: Mlijeko
Ido: Lakto
Ilokano: Gatas
Bahasa Indonesia: Susu
interlingua: Lacte
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐃᒻᒧᒃ
Iñupiak: Immuk
isiZulu: Ubisi
íslenska: Mjólk
italiano: Latte
עברית: חלב
Basa Jawa: Susu
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಹಾಲು
къарачай-малкъар: Сют
ქართული: რძე
kaszëbsczi: Mlékò
қазақша: Сүт
Kiswahili: Maziwa
Kreyòl ayisyen: Lèt (likid)
kurdî: Şîr
Кыргызча: Сүт
Ladino: Leche
ລາວ: ນົມ
Latina: Lac
latviešu: Piens
Lëtzebuergesch: Mëllech
lietuvių: Pienas
Ligure: Læte
Limburgs: Mèlk
lingála: Míliki
Livvinkarjala: Maido
la .lojban.: ladru
lumbaart: Lat
magyar: Tej
मैथिली: दूध
македонски: Млеко
Malagasy: Ronono
മലയാളം: പാൽ
मराठी: दूध
მარგალური: ბჟა (პროდუქტი)
مصرى: لبن البز
Bahasa Melayu: Susu
Baso Minangkabau: Susu
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Nèng
Mirandés: Lheite
мокшень: Лофца
монгол: Сүү
မြန်မာဘာသာ: နို့
Nāhuatl: Chichihualatl
Nederlands: Melk (drank)
Nedersaksies: Melk
Nēhiyawēwin / ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ: Wikipedia:Archives/ᒎᒎᔑᓈᐴ
नेपाली: दूध
नेपाल भाषा: दुरु
日本語:
нохчийн: Шура
Nordfriisk: Moolk
norsk: Melk
norsk nynorsk: Mjølk
Nouormand: Lait
occitan: Lach
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: କ୍ଷୀର
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sut
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਦੁੱਧ
Pälzisch: Milch
پنجابی: دد
پښتو: شيدې
Patois: Milk
Picard: Lait
Plattdüütsch: Melk
polski: Mleko
português: Leite
Ripoarisch: Milesch
română: Lapte
Runa Simi: Lichi
русиньскый: Молоко
русский: Молоко
саха тыла: Үүт
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱛᱚᱣᱟ
संस्कृतम्: क्षीरम्
Scots: Milk
shqip: Qumështi
sicilianu: Latti
Simple English: Milk
سنڌي: کير
slovenčina: Mlieko (cicavce)
slovenščina: Mleko
Soomaaliga: Caano
کوردی: شیر
српски / srpski: Млеко
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mlijeko
Basa Sunda: Susu
suomi: Maito
svenska: Mjölk
Tagalog: Gatas
татарча/tatarça: Сөт
తెలుగు: పాలు
ไทย: นม
тоҷикӣ: Шир
Tsetsêhestâhese: Matana
ತುಳು: ಪೇರ್
Türkçe: Süt
тыва дыл: Сүт
українська: Молоко
اردو: دودھ
vèneto: Lat
vepsän kel’: Maid
Tiếng Việt: Sữa
Võro: Piim
walon: Laecea
文言:
Winaray: Gatas
吴语:
ייִדיש: מילך
粵語:
žemaitėška: Pėins
中文:
डोटेली: दूध
ГӀалгӀай: Шура
Kabɩyɛ: Naalɩm
Lingua Franca Nova: Lete