Mike Tyson

Mike Tyson
Mike Tyson 2019 by Glenn Francis.jpg
Tyson in June 2019
Michael Gerard Tyson

(1966-06-30) June 30, 1966 (age 53)
  • Robin Givens
    (m. 1988; div. 1989)
  • Monica Turner
    (m. 1997; div. 2003)
  • Lakiha "Kiki" Spicer (m. 2009)
AwardsAwards and honors
Boxing career
  • Iron
  • Kid Dynamite
  • The Baddest Man on the Planet
Height5 ft 10 in (178 cm)[1][2][3]
Reach71 in (180 cm)

Michael Gerard Tyson (born June 30, 1966) is an American former professional boxer who competed from 1985 to 2005. He reigned as the undisputed world heavyweight champion and holds the record as the youngest boxer to win a heavyweight title at 20 years, four months and 22 days old.[4] Tyson won his first 19 professional fights by knockout or stoppage, 12 of them in the first round. He won the WBC title in 1986 after stopping Trevor Berbick in the second round, and added the WBA and IBF titles after defeating James Smith and Tony Tucker in 1987. This made Tyson the first heavyweight boxer to simultaneously hold the WBA, WBC and IBF titles, and the only heavyweight to successively unify them.

Tyson became the lineal champion in 1988 when he knocked out Michael Spinks in 91 seconds of the first round.[5] He successfully defended his titles nine times, which included victories over Larry Holmes and Frank Bruno. In 1990, Tyson lost the titles to underdog Buster Douglas, who knocked him out in the tenth round. Attempting to regain the titles, Tyson defeated Donovan Ruddock twice in 1991, but pulled out of a fight with then-undisputed heavyweight champion Evander Holyfield (who had defeated Douglas later in 1990) due to a rib injury.

In 1992, Tyson was convicted of rape and sentenced to six years in prison, but was released on parole after serving three years. After his release in 1995, he engaged in a series of comeback fights. He won the WBC and WBA titles in 1996, after stopping Frank Bruno and Bruce Seldon. With his defeat of Bruno, Tyson joined Floyd Patterson, Muhammad Ali, Tim Witherspoon, Evander Holyfield, and George Foreman as the only men in boxing history to have regained a heavyweight championship after having lost it. After being stripped of the WBC title in the same year, Tyson lost the WBA title to Evander Holyfield by an eleventh round stoppage. Their 1997 rematch ended when Tyson was disqualified for biting Holyfield's ears.

In 2002, Tyson fought for the world heavyweight title again at the age of 35, losing by knockout to Lennox Lewis. Tyson retired from professional boxing in 2006, after being knocked out in consecutive matches against Journeymen Danny Williams and Kevin McBride. Tyson declared bankruptcy in 2003, despite having received over $30 million for several of his fights and $300 million during his career. At the time the media reported that he had approximately $23 million of debt.[6]

Tyson was known for his ferocious and intimidating boxing style as well as his controversial behavior inside and outside the ring. Nicknamed "Iron"[7] and "Kid Dynamite" in his early career, and later known as "The Baddest Man on the Planet",[8] Tyson is considered one of the best heavyweights of all time.[9] Tyson holds the third longest unified championship reign in heavyweight history at eight consecutive defenses. He currently ranks No. 15 in BoxRec's ranking of the greatest heavyweight boxers in history.[10] He was ranked No. 16 on The Ring's list of 100 greatest punchers of all time,[11] and No. 1 in the ESPN.com list of "The Hardest Hitters in Heavyweight History".[12] Sky Sports described him as "perhaps the most ferocious fighter to step into a professional ring".[13] He has been inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame and the World Boxing Hall of Fame.

Early life

Michael Gerard Tyson was born in Brownsville, Brooklyn, New York, on June 30, 1966.[14] He has an elder brother named Rodney (born c. 1961)[15] and had an elder sister named Denise, who died of a heart attack at age 24 in February 1990.[16]

Tyson's biological father is listed as "Purcell Tyson" (who was from Jamaica) on his birth certificate,[17][18] but the man Tyson had known as his father was Jimmy Kirkpatrick. Kirkpatrick was from Grier Town, North Carolina (a predominantly black neighborhood that was annexed by the city of Charlotte),[19] where he was one of the neighborhood's top baseball players. Kirkpatrick married and had a son, Tyson's half-brother Jimmie Lee Kirkpatrick, who would help to integrate Charlotte high school football in 1965. In 1959, Jimmy Kirkpatrick left his family and moved to Brooklyn, where he met Tyson's mother, Lorna Mae (Smith) Tyson. Kirkpatrick frequented pool halls, gambled and hung out on the streets. "My father was just a regular street guy caught up in the street world", Tyson said. Kirkpatrick abandoned the Tyson family around the time Mike was born, leaving Tyson's mother to care for the children on her own.[20] Kirkpatrick died in 1992.[21]

The family lived in Bedford-Stuyvesant until their financial burdens necessitated a move to Brownsville when Tyson was 10 years old.[22] Tyson's mother died six years later, leaving 16-year-old Tyson in the care of boxing manager and trainer Cus D'Amato, who would become his legal guardian. Tyson later said, "I never saw my mother happy with me and proud of me for doing something: she only knew me as being a wild kid running the streets, coming home with new clothes that she knew I didn't pay for. I never got a chance to talk to her or know about her. Professionally, it has no effect, but it's crushing emotionally and personally."[23]

Throughout his childhood, Tyson lived in and around neighborhoods with a high rate of crime. According to an interview in Details, his first fight was with a bigger youth who had pulled the head off one of Tyson's pigeons.[24] Tyson was repeatedly caught committing petty crimes and fighting those who ridiculed his high-pitched voice and lisp. By the age of 13, he had been arrested 38 times.[25] He ended up at the Tryon School for Boys in Johnstown, New York. Tyson's emerging boxing ability was discovered there by Bobby Stewart, a juvenile detention center counselor and former boxer. Stewart considered Tyson to be an outstanding fighter and trained him for a few months before introducing him to Cus D'Amato.[20] Tyson dropped out of high school as a junior.[26] He would be awarded an honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters from Central State University in 1989.[27] Kevin Rooney also trained Tyson, and he was occasionally assisted by Teddy Atlas, although Atlas was dismissed by D'Amato when Tyson was 15. Rooney eventually took over all training duties for the young fighter.[28]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Mike Tyson
العربية: مايك تايسون
azərbaycanca: Mayk Tayson
беларуская: Майк Тайсан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Майк Тайсан
Bikol Central: Mike Tyson
български: Майк Тайсън
català: Mike Tyson
čeština: Mike Tyson
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dansk: Mike Tyson
Deutsch: Mike Tyson
eesti: Mike Tyson
Ελληνικά: Μάικ Τάισον
español: Mike Tyson
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euskara: Mike Tyson
français: Mike Tyson
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հայերեն: Մայք Թայսոն
हिन्दी: माइक टायसन
hrvatski: Mike Tyson
Bahasa Indonesia: Mike Tyson
íslenska: Mike Tyson
italiano: Mike Tyson
ქართული: მაიკ ტაისონი
қазақша: Майк Тайсон
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latviešu: Maiks Taisons
lietuvių: Mike Tyson
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मैथिली: माइक टाइसन
македонски: Мајк Тајсон
Bahasa Melayu: Mike Tyson
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မိုက် တိုင်ဆန်
Nederlands: Mike Tyson
norsk: Mike Tyson
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mike Tyson
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਾਈਕ ਟਾਈਸਨ
polski: Mike Tyson
português: Mike Tyson
română: Mike Tyson
русский: Тайсон, Майк
Scots: Mike Tyson
shqip: Mike Tyson
Simple English: Mike Tyson
slovenčina: Mike Tyson
slovenščina: Mike Tyson
српски / srpski: Мајк Тајсон
suomi: Mike Tyson
svenska: Mike Tyson
Türkçe: Mike Tyson
українська: Майк Тайсон
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