Mihajlo Pupin

Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin
Mihajlo Pupin.jpg
Pupin around 1890
Born (1858-10-04)4 October 1858
village of Idvor in Banat, Military Frontier, Austrian Empire (now in Serbia)
Died 12 March 1935(1935-03-12) (aged 76)
New York City, New York, USA
Nationality Serbian
Citizenship Serbian, American
Alma mater Columbia College
Known for Long-distance telephone communication
Awards Elliott Cresson Medal (1905)
IEEE Medal of Honor (1924) [1]
Edison Medal [2] (1920)
Pulitzer Prize (1924)
John Fritz Medal (1932)
Scientific career
Fields Physics, Invention
Doctoral students Robert Andrews Millikan, Edwin Howard Armstrong
Pupin signature.png
Mihajlo Pupin in 1916

Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin, Ph.D., LL.D. ( Serbian Cyrillic: Михајло Идворски Пупин, pronounced  [miˈxǎjlo ˈîdʋoɾski ˈpǔpin]; 4 October 1858 [3] [4] – 12 March 1935), also known as Michael I. Pupin was a Serbian American physicist and physical chemist. Pupin is best known for his numerous patents, including a means of greatly extending the range of long-distance telephone communication by placing loading coils (of wire) at predetermined intervals along the transmitting wire (known as "pupinization"). Pupin was a founding member of National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) on 3 March 1915, which later became NASA. [5] In 1924, he won a Pulitzer Prize for his autobiography. Pupin was elected president or vice-president of the highest scientific and technical institutions, such as the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, the New York Academy of Sciences, the Radio Institute of America, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was also a honorary consul of Serbia in the USA from 1912 to 1920.

Early life and education

Birthplace of Mihajlo Pupin

Mihajlo Pupin was born on 4 October (22 September, OS) 1858 in the village of Idvor (in the modern-day municipality of Kovačica, Serbia) in Banat, in the Military Frontier in the Austrian Empire. He always remembered the words of his mother and cited her in his autobiography, From Immigrant to Inventor (1925):

Pupin went to elementary school in his birthplace, to Serbian Orthodox school, and later to German elementary school in Perlez. He enrolled in high school in Pančevo, and later in the Real Gymnasium. He was one of the best students there; a local archpriest saw his enormous potential and talent, and influenced the authorities to give Pupin a scholarship.

Because of his activity in the "Serbian Youth" movement, which at that time had many problems with Austro-Hungarian police authorities, Pupin had to leave Pančevo. In 1872, he went to Prague, where he continued the sixth and first half of the seventh year. After his father died in March 1874, the sixteen-year-old Pupin decided to cancel his education in Prague due to financial problems and to move to the United States.

Other Languages
bosanski: Mihajlo Pupin
català: Mihajlo Pupin
čeština: Michael Pupin
español: Michael Pupin
Esperanto: Mihajlo Pupin
euskara: Mihajlo Pupin
hrvatski: Mihajlo Pupin
Kiswahili: Michael Pupin
Kreyòl ayisyen: Michael Pupin
македонски: Михајло Пупин
Nederlands: Michael Pupin
português: Michael Pupin
русский: Пупин, Михаил
slovenščina: Mihajlo Pupin-Idvorski
српски / srpski: Михајло Пупин
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mihajlo Pupin
українська: Михайло Пупін