Mihajlo Pupin

Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin
Mihajlo Pupin.jpg
Pupin around 1890
Born(1858-10-04)4 October 1858
village of Idvor in Banat, Military Frontier, Austrian Empire (now in Serbia)
Died12 March 1935(1935-03-12) (aged 76)
New York City, New York, USA
CitizenshipSerbian, American
Alma materColumbia College
Known forLong-distance telephone communication
AwardsElliott Cresson Medal (1905)
IEEE Medal of Honor (1924)[1]
Edison Medal[2] (1920)
Pulitzer Prize (1924)
John Fritz Medal (1932)
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics, Invention
Doctoral studentsRobert Andrews Millikan, Edwin Howard Armstrong
Pupin signature.png
Mihajlo Pupin in 1916

Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin, Ph.D., LL.D. (Serbian Cyrillic: Михајло Идворски Пупин, pronounced [miˈxǎjlo ˈîdʋoɾski ˈpǔpin]; 4 October 1858[3][4] – 12 March 1935), also known as Michael I. Pupin was a Serbian American physicist and physical chemist. Pupin is best known for his numerous patents, including a means of greatly extending the range of long-distance telephone communication by placing loading coils (of wire) at predetermined intervals along the transmitting wire (known as "pupinization"). Pupin was a founding member of National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) on 3 March 1915, which later became NASA.[5] In 1924, he won a Pulitzer Prize for his autobiography. Pupin was elected president or vice-president of the highest scientific and technical institutions, such as the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, the New York Academy of Sciences, the Radio Institute of America, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was also a honorary consul of Serbia in the USA from 1912 to 1920.

Early life and education

Birthplace of Mihajlo Pupin

Mihajlo Pupin was born on 4 October (22 September, OS) 1858 in the village of Idvor (in the modern-day municipality of Kovačica, Serbia) in Banat, in the Military Frontier in the Austrian Empire. He always remembered the words of his mother and cited her in his autobiography, From Immigrant to Inventor (1925):

My boy, If you wish to go out into the world about which you hear so much at the neighborhood gatherings, you must provide yourself with another pair of eyes; the eyes of reading and writing. There is so much wonderful knowledge and learning in the world which you cannot get unless you can read and write. Knowledge is the golden ladder over which we climb to heaven; knowledge is the light which illuminates our path through this life and leads to a future life of everlasting glory.[6]

Pupin went to elementary school in his birthplace, to Serbian Orthodox school, and later to German elementary school in Perlez. He enrolled in high school in Pančevo, and later in the Real Gymnasium. He was one of the best students there; a local archpriest saw his enormous potential and talent, and influenced the authorities to give Pupin a scholarship.

Because of his activity in the "Serbian Youth" movement, which at that time had many problems with Austro-Hungarian police authorities, Pupin had to leave Pančevo. In 1872, he went to Prague, where he continued the sixth and first half of the seventh year. After his father died in March 1874, the sixteen-year-old Pupin decided to cancel his education in Prague due to financial problems and to move to the United States.

When I landed at Castle Garden, forty-eight years ago, I had only five cents in my pocket. Had I brought five hundred dollars, instead of five cents, my immediate career in the new, and to me perfectly strange, land would have been the same. A young immigrant such as I was then does not begin his career until he has spent all the money which he has brought with him. I brought five cents, and immediately spent it upon a piece of prune pie, which turned out to be a bogus prune pie. It contained nothing but pits of prunes. If I had brought five hundred dollars, it would have taken me a little longer to spend it, mostly upon bogus things, but the struggle which awaited me would have been the same in each case. It is no handicap to a boy immigrant to land here penniless; it is not a handicap to any boy to be penniless when he strikes out for an independent career, provided that he has the stamina to stand the hardships that may be in store for him.[7]

Other Languages
bosanski: Mihajlo Pupin
català: Mihajlo Pupin
čeština: Michael Pupin
español: Michael Pupin
Esperanto: Mihajlo Pupin
euskara: Mihajlo Pupin
hrvatski: Mihajlo Pupin
Kiswahili: Michael Pupin
Kreyòl ayisyen: Michael Pupin
македонски: Михајло Пупин
Nederlands: Michael Pupin
português: Michael Pupin
русский: Пупин, Михаил
slovenščina: Mihajlo Pupin-Idvorski
српски / srpski: Михајло Пупин
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mihajlo Pupin
українська: Михайло Пупін