Midgard

The runes a:miþkarþi, Old Norse à Miðgarði, meaning "in Midgard" – "in Middle Earth", on the Fyrby Runestone (Sö 56) in Södermanland, Sweden.

Midgard (an anglicised form of Old Norse Miðgarðr; Old English Middangeard, Swedish and Danish Midgård, Old Saxon Middilgard, Old High German Mittilagart, Gothic Midjun-gards; "middle yard") is the name for Earth (equivalent in meaning to the Greek term οἰκουμένη, "inhabited") inhabited by and known to humans in early Germanic cosmology, and specifically one of the Nine Worlds in Norse mythology.

Etymology

This name occurs in Old Norse literature as Miðgarðr. In Old Saxon Heliand it appears as Middilgard and in Old High German poem Muspilli it appears as Mittilagart. The Gothic form Midjungards is attested in the Gospel of Luke as a translation of the Greek word οἰκουμένη. The word is present in Old English epic and poetry as Middangeard; later transformed to Middellærd or Mittelerde ("Middle-earth") in Middle English literature.[1]

All these forms are from a Common Germanic *midja-gardaz (*meddila-, *medjan-), a compound of *midja- "middle" and *gardaz "yard, enclosure". In early Germanic cosmology, the term stands alongside world (Old English weorold, Old Saxon werold, Old High German weralt, Old Frisian warld and Old Norse verǫld), from a Common Germanic compound *wira-alđiz, the "age of men".[2]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Midgard
العربية: مدكارد
azərbaycanca: Midqard
беларуская: Мідгард
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мідгард
български: Мидгард
català: Midgard
čeština: Midgard
Deutsch: Midgard
eesti: Miðgarðr
Ελληνικά: Μίντγκαρντ
español: Midgard
Esperanto: Midgard
euskara: Midgard
فارسی: میدگارد
français: Midgard
galego: Midgard
한국어: 미드가르드
Bahasa Indonesia: Midgard
interlingua: Midgard
íslenska: Miðgarður
italiano: Miðgarðr
қазақша: Мидгард
latviešu: Midgarda
lietuvių: Midgardas
magyar: Midgard
македонски: Мидгард
Nederlands: Midgaard
日本語: ミズガルズ
norsk: Midgard
norsk nynorsk: Midgard
occitan: Midgard
polski: Midgard
português: Midgard
română: Midgard
русский: Мидгард
Scots: Midgard
Simple English: Midgard
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Midgard
suomi: Midgård
svenska: Midgård
Türkçe: Midgard
українська: Мідґард