Meryl Streep

Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep at the Tokyo International Film Festival 2016 (32802149674) (cropped).jpg
Mary Louise Streep

(1949-06-22) June 22, 1949 (age 69)
EducationVassar College (BA)
Yale University (MFA)
Years active1969–present
List of performances
Don Gummer (m. 1978)
Partner(s)John Cazale
(1976–1978; his death)
Meryl Streep Signature.svg

Mary Louise "Meryl" Streep (born June 22, 1949) is an American actress. Often described as the "best actress of her generation" ,[1][2][3] Streep is particularly known for her versatility and accent adaptation. Nominated for a record 21 Academy Awards, she has won three.[4] Streep has received 31 Golden Globe nominations, winning eight.[5] She has also won three Primetime Emmy Awards and has been nominated for fifteen British Academy Film Awards, and seventeen Screen Actors Guild Awards, winning two each.

Streep made her stage debut in Trelawny of the Wells in 1975. In 1976, she received a Tony Award nomination for Best Featured Actress in a Play for 27 Wagons Full of Cotton and A Memory of Two Mondays. In 1977, she made her screen debut in the television film The Deadliest Season, and also made her film debut in Julia. In 1978, she won an Emmy Award for her role in the mini-series Holocaust, and received her first Academy Award nomination for The Deer Hunter. Streep went on to win the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for Kramer vs. Kramer (1979), and the Academy Award for Best Actress for Sophie's Choice (1982) and The Iron Lady (2011).

Streep's other Oscar-nominated roles were in The French Lieutenant's Woman (1981), Silkwood (1983), Out of Africa (1985), Ironweed (1987), Evil Angels (1988), Postcards from the Edge (1990), The Bridges of Madison County (1995), One True Thing (1998), Music of the Heart (1999), Adaptation (2002), The Devil Wears Prada (2006), Doubt (2008), Julie & Julia (2009), August: Osage County (2013), Into the Woods (2014), Florence Foster Jenkins (2016), and The Post (2017). She returned to the stage for the first time in over 20 years in The Public Theater's 2001 revival of The Seagull, and won a second Emmy Award and a Golden Globe in 2004 for the HBO mini-series Angels in America (2003).

Streep was awarded the AFI Life Achievement Award in 2004, Gala Tribute from the Film Society of Lincoln Center in 2008, and Kennedy Center Honor in 2011 for her contribution to American culture, through performing arts. President Barack Obama awarded her the 2010 National Medal of Arts, and in 2014, the Presidential Medal of Freedom.[6][7] In 2003, the government of France made her a Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters.[8] She was awarded the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award in 2017.[9]

Early life

Mary Louise Streep was born on June 22, 1949, in Summit, New Jersey.[10] She is the daughter of Mary Wilkinson Streep (née Mary Wolf Wilkinson, 1915-2001), a commercial artist and art editor; and Harry William Streep, Jr. (1910-2003), a pharmaceutical executive.[11] She has two younger brothers: Harry William Streep III (born 1951) and Dana David Streep (born 1953), who are also actors.[12]

Meryl Streep as a senior in high school, 1966

Streep's father Harry was of German and Swiss ancestry. Her father's lineage traces back to Loffenau, Germany, from where her second great-grandfather, Gottfried Streeb, immigrated to the United States, and where one of her ancestors served as mayor (the surname was later changed to "Streep").[13] Another line of her father's family was from Giswil, Switzerland. Her mother had English, German, and Irish ancestry.[13] Some of Streep's maternal ancestors lived in Pennsylvania and Rhode Island, and were descended from 17th-century immigrants from England.[14][15] Her eighth great-grandfather, Lawrence Wilkinson, was one of the first Europeans to settle in Rhode Island.[16] Streep is also the second cousin 7 times removed of William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania; records show that her family is among the first purchasers of land in the state.[16] Streep's maternal great-great-grandparents, Manus McFadden and Grace Strain, the latter the namesake of Streep's second daughter, were natives of the Horn Head district of Dunfanaghy, Ireland.[15][17][18]

Streep as a cheerleader at Bernards High School, 1966

Streep's mother, whom she has compared in both appearance and manner to Dame Judi Dench,[19] strongly encouraged her daughter, and instilled confidence in her from a very young age.[20] Streep has said: "She was a mentor because she said to me, 'Meryl, you're capable. You're so great.' She was saying, 'You can do whatever you put your mind to. If you're lazy, you're not going to get it done. But if you put your mind to it, you can do anything.' And I believed her." Although Streep was naturally more introverted than her mother, at times, when she later needed an injection of confidence in adulthood, she would consult her mother, asking her for advice.[20]

Streep was raised as a Presbyterian[21] in Basking Ridge, New Jersey, and attended The Family Upstairs". In 1963, the family moved to Bernardsville, New Jersey, where she attended Bernards High School.[22] Author Karina Longworth described her as a "gawky kid with glasses and frizzy hair", yet noted that she liked to show off in front of the camera in family home movies from a young age.[23] At the age of 12, Streep was selected to sing at a school recital, leading to her having opera lessons from Estelle Liebling. However, despite her talent, she has remarked that, "I was singing something I didn't feel and understand. That was an important lesson—not to do that. To find the thing that I could feel through."[23] She quit after four years. Streep had many Catholic school friends, and regularly attended mass.[24] Meryl was a high school cheerleader for the Bernards High School Mountaineers and was also chosen as the homecoming queen her senior year.[25] Her family lived on Old Fort Road.

Although Streep appeared in numerous school plays during her high school years, she was uninterested in serious theater until acting in the play Miss Julie at Vassar College in 1969, in which she gained attention across the campus.[26] Vassar drama professor Clinton J. Atkinson noted, "I don't think anyone ever taught Meryl acting. She really taught herself."[26] Streep demonstrated an early ability to mimic accents and to quickly memorize her lines. She received her B.A. cum laude from the college in 1971, before applying for an MFA from the Yale School of Drama. At Yale, she supplemented her course fees by waitressing and typing, and appeared in over a dozen stage productions a year, to the point that she became overworked, developing ulcers. She contemplated quitting acting and switching to study law.[26] Streep played a variety of roles on stage,[27] from Helena in A Midsummer Night's Dream to an 80-year-old woman in a wheelchair in a comedy written by then-unknown playwrights Christopher Durang and Albert Innaurato.[28][29] She was a student of choreographer Carmen de Lavallade, whom she introduced at the 2017 Kennedy Center Honors.[30] Another one of her teachers was Robert Lewis, one of the co-founders of the Actors Studio. Streep disapproved of some of the acting exercises she was asked to do, remarking that the professors "delved into personal lives in a way I find obnoxious".[31][32] She received her MFA from Yale in 1975.[33] Streep also enrolled as a visiting student at Dartmouth College in the fall of 1970, and received an Honorary Doctor of Arts degree from the college in 1981.[33]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Meryl Streep
العربية: ميريل ستريب
aragonés: Meryl Streep
asturianu: Meryl Streep
azərbaycanca: Meril Strip
تۆرکجه: مریل استریپ
Bân-lâm-gú: Meryl Streep
башҡортса: Мерил Стрип
беларуская: Мэрыл Стрып
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мэрыл Стрып
Bislama: Meryl Streep
български: Мерил Стрийп
bosanski: Meryl Streep
brezhoneg: Meryl Streep
català: Meryl Streep
čeština: Meryl Streepová
Cymraeg: Meryl Streep
Deutsch: Meryl Streep
Ελληνικά: Μέριλ Στριπ
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Meryl Streep
español: Meryl Streep
Esperanto: Meryl Streep
euskara: Meryl Streep
føroyskt: Meryl Streep
français: Meryl Streep
Gaeilge: Meryl Streep
galego: Meryl Streep
한국어: 메릴 스트립
հայերեն: Մերիլ Սթրիփ
hrvatski: Meryl Streep
Ilokano: Meryl Streep
Bahasa Indonesia: Meryl Streep
íslenska: Meryl Streep
italiano: Meryl Streep
Basa Jawa: Meryl Streep
ქართული: მერილ სტრიპი
қазақша: Мерил Стрип
Kiswahili: Meryl Streep
latviešu: Merila Strīpa
Lëtzebuergesch: Meryl Streep
lietuvių: Meryl Streep
magyar: Meryl Streep
македонски: Мерил Стрип
Malagasy: Meryl Streep
მარგალური: მერილ სტრიპი
Bahasa Melayu: Meryl Streep
монгол: Мерил Стрип
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မယ်ရီ စထရိ(ပ်)
Nederlands: Meryl Streep
occitan: Meryl Streep
Piemontèis: Meryl Streep
polski: Meryl Streep
português: Meryl Streep
română: Meryl Streep
Runa Simi: Meryl Streep
русский: Стрип, Мерил
Simple English: Meryl Streep
slovenčina: Meryl Streepová
slovenščina: Meryl Streep
српски / srpski: Мерил Стрип
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Meryl Streep
svenska: Meryl Streep
Tagalog: Meryl Streep
Taqbaylit: Meryl Streep
татарча/tatarça: Meril Strip
тоҷикӣ: Мэрил Стрип
Türkçe: Meryl Streep
українська: Меріл Стріп
vèneto: Meryl Streep
Tiếng Việt: Meryl Streep
Winaray: Meryl Streep
Yorùbá: Meryl Streep