Mercedes of Orléans

Mercedes of Orléans
Maria de la Mercedes.jpg
Queen consort of Spain
Tenure23 January 1878 – 26 June 1878
Born(1860-06-24)24 June 1860
Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain
Died26 June 1878(1878-06-26) (aged 18)
Palacio Real, Madrid, Spain
SpouseAlfonso XII of Spain
Full name
María de las Mercedes Isabel Francisca de Asís Antonia Luisa Fernanda de Orléans y Borbón
FatherAntoine d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier
MotherInfanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Maria de las Mercedes of Orléans (24 June 1860 – 26 June 1878) was Queen of Spain as the first wife of King Alfonso XII. She was born in Madrid, the daughter of Antoine of Orléans, Duke of Montpensier, and of Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain.

Family and upbringing

María de las Mercedes in 1874
Royal cypher

She was born at the Palacio Real in Madrid, the sixth of her parents' nine children, none of whom died in infancy but only four of whom would live to the age of 20.[1] Her mother's elder sister, Queen Isabella II, and brother-in-law, King Francis, served as Mercedes' godparents at her christening, when she was given the names: María de las Mercedes Isabel Francisca de Asís Antonia Luisa Fernanda Felipa Amalia Cristina Francisca de Paula Ramona Rita Cayetana Manuela Juana Josefa Joaquina Ana Rafaela Filomena Teresa Santísima Trinidad Gaspara Melchora Baltasara et omni sancti.

Although Mercedes was patrilineally a French princess, she was also a Spanish infanta and spent the first eight years of her life in Spain. Her childhood was spent at the palace of San Telmo in Andalusia, her father's rumoured aspirations to obtain his sister-in-law's crown periodically rendering him unwelcome at the royal court in Madrid.

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