Mental health

Conceptual illustration of mental health

Mental health is the level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness. It is the state of someone who is "functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment".[1] From the perspectives of positive psychology or of holism, mental health may include an individual's ability to enjoy life and to create a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience.[2]According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health includes "subjective well-being, perceived self-efficacy, autonomy, competence, inter-generational dependence, and self-actualization of one's intellectual and emotional potential, among others".[3] The WHO further states that the well-being of an individual is encompassed in the realization of their abilities, coping with normal stresses of life, productive work, and contribution to their community.[4]Cultural differences, subjective assessments, and competing professional theories all affect how one defines "mental health".[3][5]

Mental health and mental illness

According to the U.K. Surgeon Journal (1999), mental health is the successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with other people, and providing the ability to adapt to change and cope with adversity. The term mental illness refers collectively to all diagnosable mental disorders—health conditions characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, or behavior associated with distress or impaired functioning.[6][7] Mental health and mental illness are two continuous concepts. People with optimal mental health can also have mental illness, and people who have no mental illness can also have poor mental health.[8]

Mental health problems may arise due to stress, loneliness, depression, anxiety, relationship problems, death of a loved one, suicidal thoughts, grief, addiction, ADHD, self-harm, various mood disorders, or other mental illnesses of varying degrees, as well as learning disabilities.[9][10] Therapists, psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurse practitioners, or family physicians can help manage mental illness with treatments such as therapy, counseling, or medication.

Other Languages
العربية: صحة نفسية
asturianu: Salú mental
azərbaycanca: Psixi sağlamlıq
български: Психично здраве
Cymraeg: Iechyd meddwl
Ελληνικά: Ψυχική υγεία
español: Salud mental
Esperanto: Mensa sano
français: Santé mentale
한국어: 정신건강
Արեւմտահայերէն: Հոգեկան առողջութիւն
Bahasa Indonesia: Kesehatan jiwa
íslenska: Andleg heilsa
italiano: Salute mentale
Bahasa Melayu: Kesihatan mental
português: Saúde mental
slovenščina: Duševno zdravje
српски / srpski: Душевно здравље
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Duševno zdravlje
Türkçe: Ruh sağlığı
українська: Психічне здоров'я
Tiếng Việt: Sức khỏe tâm thần
粵語: 精神健康
中文: 心理健康