Mental health

Mental health is a level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness - the "psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioural adjustment".[1] From the perspectives of positive psychology or of holism, mental health may include an individual's ability to enjoy life, and to create a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience.[citation needed]According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health includes "subjective well-being, perceived self-efficacy, autonomy, competence, inter-generational dependence, and self-actualization of one's intellectual and emotional potential, among others."[2] The WHO further states that the well-being of an individual is encompassed in the realization of their abilities, coping with normal stresses of life, productive work and contribution to their community.[3]Cultural differences, subjective assessments, and competing professional theories all affect how one defines "mental health".[2]

Mental health and mental illness

According to the U.K. surgeon general (1999), mental health is the successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with other people, and providing the ability to adapt to change and cope with adversity. The term mental illness refers collectively to all diagnosable mental disorders—health conditions characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, or behavior associated with distress or impaired functioning.[4]

A person struggling with their mental health may experience this because of stress, loneliness, depression, anxiety, relationship problems, death of a loved one, suicidal thoughts, grief, addiction, ADHD, Cutting, Self-harm, Self-Injury, burning, various mood disorders, or other mental illnesses of varying degrees, as well as learning disabilities.[5][6] Therapists, psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurse practitioners or physicians can help manage mental illness with treatments such as therapy, counseling, or medication.

Other Languages
العربية: صحة نفسية
asturianu: Salú mental
azərbaycanca: Psixi sağlamlıq
български: Психично здраве
Cymraeg: Iechyd meddwl
Ελληνικά: Ψυχική υγεία
español: Salud mental
Esperanto: Mensa sano
français: Santé mentale
한국어: 정신건강
íslenska: Andleg heilsa
italiano: Salute mentale
português: Saúde mental
slovenščina: Duševno zdravje
српски / srpski: Душевно здравље
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Duševno zdravlje
українська: Психічне здоров'я
Tiếng Việt: Sức khỏe tâm thần
粵語: 精神健康
中文: 心理健康