Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
State of Germany
Flag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Flag
Coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Coat of arms
Deutschland Lage von Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.svg
Coordinates: 53°37′N 12°42′E / 53°37′N 12°42′E / 53.617; 12.700
CountryGermany
CapitalSchwerin
Government
 • BodyLandtag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
 • Minister-PresidentManuela Schwesig (SPD)
 • Governing partiesSPD / CDU
 • Bundesrat votes3 (of 69)
Area
 • Total23,174 km2 (8,948 sq mi)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total1,610,674
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 codeDE-MV
Vehicle registrationformerly: MP (1945–1947), SM (1948–1953)[2]
GDP (nominal)€40 / $45 billion (2015)[3]
GDP per capita€25,000 / $28,000 (2015)
NUTS RegionDE8
WebsiteMecklenburg-Vorpommern.eu

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern ([ˈmeːklənbʊʁk ˈfoːɐ̯pɔmɐn]; often Mecklenburg-West Pomerania in English[5][6] and commonly shortened to "Meck-Pomm" or even "McPom" or "M-V" in German) is a federal state in northern Germany. The capital city is Schwerin. The state was formed through the merger of the historic regions of Mecklenburg and Western Pomerania after the Second World War, dissolved in 1952 and recreated at the time of the German reunification in 1990.

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern is the sixth largest German state by area, and the least densely populated. The coastline of the Baltic Sea, including islands such as Rügen and Usedom, as well as the Mecklenburg Lake District, features many holiday resorts and unspoilt nature, making Mecklenburg-Vorpommern one of Germany's leading tourist destinations. Three of Germany's fourteen national parks are in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, in addition to several hundred nature conservation areas.

Major cities include Rostock, Schwerin, Neubrandenburg, Stralsund, Greifswald, Wismar and Güstrow. The University of Rostock (established 1419) and the University of Greifswald (established 1456) are among the oldest in Europe. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was the site of the 33rd G8 summit in 2007.

Name

Due to its lengthy name, the state is often abbreviated as MV or (colloquially) shortened to MeckPomm.[citation needed] In English, it is sometimes translated as "Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania" or literally "Mecklenburg-Cispomerania"[citation needed]. Inhabitants are called either Mecklenburger or Pomeranians, the combined form is never used.

The full name in German is pronounced [ˈmeːklənbʊɐ̯k ˈfoɐ̯pɔmɐn]. Sometimes, Mecklenburg is pronounced [ˈmɛklənbʊɐ̯k]. This is because the digraph <ck> marks a preceding short vowel in High German. Mecklenburg however is within the historical Low German language area, and the "c" appeared in its name during the period of transition to Standard, High German usage (Low German authors wrote the name Meklenborg or Męklenborg, depicting proper Low German pronunciation, which itself was a syncope of Middle Low German Mekelenborg). The introduction of the "c" is explained as follows: Either the "c" signals the stretched pronunciation of the preceding "e" (Dehnungs-c), or it signals the pronunciation of the subsequent "k" as an occlusive [k] to prevent it from falsely being rendered as a fricative [χ] following a Low German trend.[7] Another explanation is that the "c" comes from a mannerism in High German officialese of writing unnecessary letters, a so-called Letternhäufelung (lit.: letter accumulation, as was done sometimes in English with words such as "doubt").

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мэкленбург — Пярэдняя Памэранія
davvisámegiella: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Meclembûrg-Pomeràgna Anteriōr
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Bahasa Indonesia: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Lëtzebuergesch: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Bahasa Melayu: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Meklenburg-Old Pomeraniya
Plattdüütsch: Mekelnborg-Vörpommern
Simple English: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mecklenburg-Zapadna Pomeranija
Tiếng Việt: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern