Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Flag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Flag
Coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Coat of arms
Deutschland Lage von Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.svg
Coordinates: 53°37′N 12°42′E / 53°37′N 12°42′E / 53.617; 12.700
CountryGermany
CapitalSchwerin
Government
 • BodyLandtag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
 • Minister-PresidentManuela Schwesig (SPD)
 • Governing partiesSPD / CDU
 • Bundesrat votes3 (of 69)
Area
 • Total23,174 km2 (8,948 sq mi)
Population
(2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total1,611,119
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeDE-MV
Vehicle registrationformerly: MP (1945–1947), SM (1948–1953)[2]
GDP (nominal)€40 / $45 billion (2015)[3]
GDP per capita€25,000 / $28,000 (2015)
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.eu

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (German: [ˈmeːklənbʊʁk ˈfoːɐ̯pɔmɐn], abbreviated MV) also known by its anglicized name Mecklenburg-West Pomerania, is a state of Germany.[5][6] Of the country's 16 states, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern ranks 14th in population, 6th in area, and 16th in population density. Schwerin is the state capital and Rostock is the largest city. Other major cities include Neubrandenburg, Stralsund, Greifswald, Wismar and Güstrow.

The state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was established in 1945 after World War II through the merger of the historic regions of Mecklenburg and the Prussian Western Pomerania by the Soviet military administration in Allied-occupied Germany. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern became part of the German Democratic Republic in 1947, but was dissolved in 1952 during administrative reforms and its territory divided into the districts of Rostock, Schwerin, and Neubrandenburg. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was re-established in 1990 following German reunification, and became one of the Federal Republic of Germany's new states.

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern's coastline on the Baltic Sea features many holiday resorts and unspoilt nature, including the islands such as Rügen and Usedom, as well as the Mecklenburg Lake District, making the state one of Germany's leading tourist destinations. Three of Germany's fourteen national parks, as well as several hundred nature conservation areas, are in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The University of Rostock, established in 1419, and the University of Greifswald, established in 1456, are among the oldest universities in Europe. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was the site of the 33rd G8 summit in 2007.

Name

Due to its lengthy name, the state is often abbreviated as MV or (colloquially) shortened to MeckPomm.[citation needed] In English, it is sometimes translated as "Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania" or literally "Mecklenburg-Cispomerania"[citation needed]. Inhabitants are called either Mecklenburger or Pomeranians, the combined form is never used.

The full name in German is pronounced [ˈmeːklənbʊɐ̯k ˈfoɐ̯pɔmɐn]. Sometimes, Mecklenburg is pronounced [ˈmɛklənbʊɐ̯k]. This is because the digraph <ck> marks a preceding short vowel in High German. Mecklenburg however is within the historical Low German language area, and the "c" appeared in its name during the period of transition to Standard, High German usage (Low German authors wrote the name Meklenborg or Męklenborg, depicting proper Low German pronunciation, which itself was a syncope of Middle Low German Mekelenborg). The introduction of the "c" is explained as follows: Either the "c" signals the stretched pronunciation of the preceding "e" (Dehnungs-c), or it signals the pronunciation of the subsequent "k" as an occlusive [k] to prevent it from falsely being rendered as a fricative [χ] following a Low German trend.[7] Another explanation is that the "c" comes from a mannerism in High German officialese of writing unnecessary letters, a so-called Letternhäufelung (lit.: letter accumulation, as was done sometimes in English with words such as "doubt").

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мэкленбург — Пярэдняя Памэранія
davvisámegiella: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Meclembûrg-Pomeràgna Anteriōr
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Bahasa Indonesia: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Lëtzebuergesch: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Bahasa Melayu: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Meklenburg-Old Pomeraniya
Plattdüütsch: Mekelnborg-Vörpommern
Simple English: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mecklenburg-Zapadna Pomeranija
Tiếng Việt: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern