|Alternative names||Maikop, Majkop|
|Dates||c. 3700 BC – 3000 BC|
|Part of |
The Maykop culture (scientific transliteration: Majkop,
It extends along the area from the
In the south it borders the approximately contemporaneous
The Kuban River is navigable for much of its length and provides an easy water-passage via the
New data revealed the similarity of artifacts from the Maykop culture with those found recently in the course of excavations of the ancient city of
Tell Khazneh in northern
After the discovery of the
The Leyla-Tepe culture is a culture of archaeological interest from the Chalcolithic era. Its population was distributed on the southern slopes of the Central Caucasus (modern Azerbaijan, Agdam District), from 4350 until 4000 B.C. Similar amphora burials in the South Caucasus are found in the Western Georgian Jar-Burial Culture.
The culture has also been linked to the north Ubaid period monuments, in particular, with the settlements in the Eastern Anatolia Region. The settlement is of a typical Western-Asian variety, with the dwellings packed closely together and made of mud bricks with smoke outlets.
It has been suggested that the Leyla-Tepe were the founders of the Maykop culture. An expedition to Syria by the Russian Academy of Sciences revealed the similarity of the Maykop and Leyla-Tepe artifacts with those found recently while excavating the ancient city of Tel Khazneh I, from the 4th millennium BC.
In 2010, nearly 200 Bronze Age sites were reported stretching over 60 miles from the Kuban River to