Maxwell D. Taylor

Maxwell D. Taylor
Maxwell D Taylor official portrait.jpg
Chair of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board
In office
February 29, 1968 – May 1, 1970
PresidentLyndon Johnson
Richard Nixon
Preceded byClark Clifford
Succeeded byGeorge Anderson
United States Ambassador to South Vietnam
In office
July 14, 1964 – July 30, 1965
PresidentLyndon Johnson
Preceded byHenry Cabot Lodge
Succeeded byHenry Cabot Lodge
Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
In office
October 1, 1962 – July 1, 1964
PresidentJohn F. Kennedy
Lyndon Johnson
Preceded byLyman Lemnitzer
Succeeded byEarle Wheeler
Chief of Staff of the Army
In office
June 30, 1955 – June 30, 1959
PresidentDwight Eisenhower
DeputyWilliston Palmer
Lyman Lemnitzer
Preceded byMatthew Ridgway
Succeeded byLyman Lemnitzer
Governor of the Ryukyu Islands
In office
April 1, 1955 – June 5, 1955
PresidentDwight Eisenhower
Preceded byJohn Hull
Succeeded byLyman Lemnitzer
Personal details
Born
Maxwell Davenport Taylor

(1901-08-26)August 26, 1901
Keytesville, Missouri, U.S.
DiedApril 19, 1987(1987-04-19) (aged 85)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
EducationU.S. Military Academy (BS)
Metropolitan Community College, Missouri
Military service
Nickname(s)"Max"
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service1922–1959
1961–1964
RankGeneral
UnitEngineer Branch
Field Artillery Branch
CommandsChairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
United States Military Academy
101st Airborne Division
82nd Airborne Division Artillery
12th Field Artillery Battalion
Battles/warsWorld War II
Korean War
AwardsDistinguished Service Cross
Army Distinguished Service Medal (4)
Silver Star (2)
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star Medal
Purple Heart

General Maxwell Davenport "Max" Taylor (August 26, 1901 – April 19, 1987) was a senior United States Army officer and diplomat of the mid-20th century.[1] He served with distinction in World War II, most notably as commander of the 101st Airborne Division, nicknamed "The Screaming Eagles". After the war he served as the fifth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, having been appointed by President John Kennedy. He was the father of biographer and historian John Maxwell Taylor and military historian and author Thomas Taylor.

Early life and start of career

Born in Keytesville, Missouri, and raised in Kansas City, Taylor graduated from Northeast High School and attended Kansas City Polytechnic Institute. In 1918, he passed competitive examinations for Congressional appointment by William Patterson Borland to either the United States Military Academy or United States Naval Academy, and then passed the USMA entrance examination. Taylor attended West Point, graduated fourth in his class in 1922, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. He served in Hawaii with the 3rd Engineers from 1923 to 1926.

Taylor transferred to the Field Artillery and from 1926 to 1927 served with the 10th Field Artillery, receiving promotion to first lieutenant. Having demonstrated a facility for foreign languages, he studied French in Paris and was then assigned to West Point as an instructor in French and Spanish. In 1933 he graduated from the Field Artillery School, and he completed the course at the United States Army Command and General Staff College in 1935.

Taylor was promoted to captain in August 1935 and served at the American embassy in Tokyo from 1935 to 1939, including attaché duty in China in 1937. He graduated from the United States Army War College in 1940 and was promoted to major in July 1940.

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