Mary Harris Jones

Mary Harris Jones
Mother Jones 1902-11-04.jpg
Jones in 1902
Mary G. Harris

BaptizedAugust 1, 1837
DiedNovember 30, 1930 (aged 93)
OccupationLabor and community organizer
Political partySocial Democratic Party
Socialist Party of America

Mary G. Harris Jones (baptized 1837;[1][2] died 1930), known as Mother Jones, was an Irish-born American schoolteacher and dressmaker who became a prominent organized labor representative and community organizer. She helped coordinate major strikes and cofounded the Industrial Workers of the World.

Jones worked as a teacher and dressmaker, but after her husband and four children all died of yellow fever in 1867 and her dress shop was destroyed in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, she became an organizer for the Knights of Labor and the United Mine Workers union. From 1897, at about 60 years of age, she was known as Mother Jones. In 1902, she was called "the most dangerous woman in America" for her success in organizing mine workers and their families against the mine owners. In 1903, to protest the lax enforcement of the child labor laws in the Pennsylvania mines and silk mills, she organized a children's march from Philadelphia to the home of President Theodore Roosevelt in New York.

Early life

The Mother Jones Memorial near her birthplace in Cork, Ireland
The Mother Jones Memorial near her birthplace in Cork, Ireland

Mary G. Harris was born on the north side of the city of Cork, Ireland, the daughter of Roman Catholic tenant farmers Richard Harris and Ellen (née Cotter) Harris.[3] Her exact date of birth is uncertain; she was baptized on 1 August 1837.[1] Mary Harris and her family were victims of the Great Famine, as were many other Irish families. This famine drove more than a million families, including the Harrises, to emigrate to North America.

Other Languages
asturianu: Mary Harris
Bân-lâm-gú: Mary Harris Jones
bosanski: Majka Jones
español: Mary Harris
Esperanto: Mother Jones
euskara: Mary Harris
hrvatski: Mary Harris
Bahasa Indonesia: Mary Harris
Basa Jawa: Mary Harris
македонски: Мери Харис
Nederlands: Mary Harris Jones
Plattdüütsch: Mary Harris
polski: Mary Harris
português: Mary Harris Jones
русский: Харрис, Мэри
Simple English: Mary Harris Jones
српски / srpski: Мери Харис
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mary Harris
svenska: Mother Jones
Türkçe: Jones Ana
українська: Мері Гарріс
Tiếng Việt: Mary Harris Jones
中文: 瓊斯夫人