Martin Eden

Martin Eden
First edition
AuthorJack London
CountryUnited States
Publication date
Media typePrint (hardcover)

Martin Eden is a 1909 novel by American author Jack London about a young proletarian autodidact struggling to become a writer. It was first serialized in The Pacific Monthly magazine from September 1908 to September 1909 and published in book form by Macmillan in September 1909.

Eden represents writers' frustration with publishers by speculating that when he mails off a manuscript, a "cunning arrangement of cogs" immediately puts it in a new envelope and returns it automatically with a rejection slip.[citation needed] The central theme of Eden's developing artistic sensibilities places the novel in the tradition of the Künstlerroman, in which is narrated the formation and development of an artist.[1][2][3]

Eden differs from London in that Eden rejects socialism, attacking it as "slave morality", and relies on a Nietzschean individualism. In a note to Upton Sinclair, London wrote, "One of my motifs, in this book, was an attack on individualism (in the person of the hero). I must have bungled, for not a single reviewer has discovered it."

Plot summary

Living in Oakland at the beginning of the 20th century, Martin Eden struggles to rise above his destitute, proletarian circumstances through an intense and passionate pursuit of self-education, hoping to achieve a place among the literary elite. His principal motivation is his love for Ruth Morse. Because Eden is a rough, uneducated sailor from a working-class background[4] and the Morses are a bourgeois family, a union between them would be impossible unless and until he reached their level of wealth and refinement.

Over a period of two years, Eden promises Ruth that success will come, but just before it does, Ruth loses her patience and rejects him in a letter, saying, "if only you had settled down ... and attempted to make something of yourself". By the time Eden attains the favour of the publishers and the bourgeoisie who had shunned him, he has already developed a grudge against them and become jaded by toil and unrequited love. Instead of enjoying his success, he retreats into a quiet indifference, interrupted only to rail mentally against the genteelness of bourgeois society or to donate his new wealth to working-class friends and family. He felt that people did not value him for himself or for his work but only for his fame.

The novel ends with Eden's committing suicide by drowning, which contributed to what researcher Clarice Stasz calls the "biographical myth" that Jack London's own death was a suicide.[citation needed]

London's oldest daughter Joan commented that in spite of its tragic ending, the book is often regarded as "a 'success' story ... which inspired not only a whole generation of young writers but other different fields who, without aid or encouragement, attained their objectives through great struggle".[citation needed]

Other Languages
العربية: مارتن إيدن
azərbaycanca: Martin İden (roman)
български: Мартин Идън
čeština: Martin Eden
Deutsch: Martin Eden
français: Martin Eden
հայերեն: Մարտին Իդեն
italiano: Martin Eden
עברית: מרטין עדן
ქართული: მარტინ იდენი
Кыргызча: Мартин Иден
magyar: Martin Eden
მარგალური: მარტინ იდენი
occitan: Martin Eden
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Martin Eden
polski: Martin Eden
русский: Мартин Иден
српски / srpski: Мартин Еден
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Martin Eden
svenska: Martin Eden
Türkçe: Martin Eden
українська: Мартін Іден
Tiếng Việt: Martin Eden