Markazi Province

Markazi Province
استان مرکزی
Province
Amingholamali Saveh Jamee Mos. Dome Iran.JPG
Counties of Markazi Province
Counties of Markazi Province
Location of Markazi Province in Iran
Location of Markazi Province in Iran
Coordinates: 34°05′43″N 49°41′27″E / 34°05′43″N 49°41′27″E / 34.0954; 49.6909
Country Iran
RegionRegion 4
CapitalArak
Counties12
Area
 • Total29,127 km2 (11,246 sq mi)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total1,429,475
 • Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneIRST (UTC+03:30)
 • Summer (DST)IRST (UTC+04:30)
Main language(s)Persian

Markazi Province (Persian: استان مرکزی‎, Ostān-e Markazi) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. The word markazi means central in Persian. In 2014 it was placed in Region 4.[2]

Markazi lies in western Iran. Its capital is Arak. Its population is estimated at 1.41 million.[3] The present borders of the province date to the 1977, when the province was split into the current Markazi and the Tehran Province, with portions being annexed by Esfahan, Semnan Province, and Zanjan.

The major cities of the province are: Saveh, Arak, Mahallat, Zarandiyeh, Khomein, Delijan, Tafresh, Ashtian, Shazand (previously known as Sarband) and Farahan

History

The Congregation Mosque of Narāgh. Markazi province is rich in historical and architectural heritage.

Markazi province was part of the Median Empire in the first millennium BC, which included all of the central and western parts of modern-day Iran. The region is considered to be one of the ancient settlements on the Iranian plateau. Numerous remaining ruins testify to the antiquity of this area.

In the early centuries Islam, the name of the area was changed to Jibal or Qahestan. By the early 10th century, Khorheh had become a famous city of Jibal province, followed by Tafresh and Khomein.

In recent times, the expansion of the North-South railroad (commonly known as the Persian Corridor) and the establishing of major industries helped boost development in the area.

Many figures in Iranian history trace their beginnings to this province. namely: Mirza Abu'l-Qasem Qa'em-Maqam, Abbas Eqbal Ashtiani, Mirza Taqi Khan Amir Kabir, Mirza Bozorg Qa'em-Maqam, Mahmoud Hessabi, Ayatollah Khomeini, Ayatollah Araki, and many others.

Other Languages
asturianu: Markazí
azərbaycanca: Mərkəzi ostanı
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Марказі
български: Маркази (остан)
català: Markazi
Cebuano: Markazi
čeština: Markazí
Deutsch: Markazi
euskara: Markazi
français: Markazi
galego: Markazi
한국어: 마르카지 주
hrvatski: Markazi
Bahasa Indonesia: Provinsi Markazi
עברית: מרכזי
لۊری شومالی: آستوٙن مأرکأزی
latviešu: Markazī
македонски: Маркази
Bahasa Melayu: Markazi
Nederlands: Markazi
norsk: Markazi
norsk nynorsk: Markazi
polski: Markazi
português: Markazi
Simple English: Markazi Province
српски / srpski: Покрајина Маркази
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Markazi
suomi: Markazī
svenska: Markazi
Türkçe: Merkezi Eyaleti
українська: Меркезі
Tiếng Việt: Markazi (tỉnh)