Mariss Jansons

Mariss Jansons
2015 Jansons Mariss-0242 (18794705869) (2) (cropped).jpg
Mariss Jansons in 2015
Mariss Ivars Georgs Jansons

(1943-01-14)14 January 1943
Died30 November 2019(2019-11-30) (aged 76)[a]

Mariss Ivars Georgs Jansons (14 January 1943 – 30 November 2019[a]) was a Latvian-Russian conductor. During his lifetime, Jansons was often cited as one of the world's top living conductors.[1][2][3][4] He was best known for his interpretations of Mahler, Strauss and Russian composers such as Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff and Shostakovich.[1]

Born in Riga, Latvia, Jansons moved to Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg) in 1956, where he studied conducting, and received further training in Austria. He achieved prominence with the Oslo Philharmonic, where he served as music director from 1979 to 2000. He also directed the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra from 1997 to 2004, the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra from 2003 until his death, and the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra from 2004 to 2015.

Early life

Jansons was born in Riga, Latvia—then under German occupation during the Second World War—to Iraida Jansons, the diva of the Riga Opera, and Arvīds Jansons, conductor of the opera orchestra.[5] Iraida, who was Jewish, gave birth to her son in hiding after being smuggled out of the Riga Ghetto, where her father and brother were murdered by the Nazis. As a child, Jansons first studied violin with his father.[6]

In 1956, Arvīds was appointed assistant conductor to Yevgeny Mravinsky at the Leningrad Philharmonic. Jansons joined his father in Leningrad, where he began to study conducting, and soon entered the Leningrad Conservatory.[5] In 1968, Herbert von Karajan visited the Soviet Union, and he singled out Jansons and Dmitri Kitayenko from a group of young conductors. Karajan offered Jansons the opportunity to study with him in Berlin, but the Soviet authorities blocked the offer.[5] In 1969, Jansons continued his training with Hans Swarowsky in Vienna, and then in Salzburg with Karajan.[5] In 1971, Jansons won the second prize at the "Herbert von Karajan" International Conducting Competition.[1][7] Karajan invited Jansons to be his assistant with the Berlin Philharmonic, but the Soviet authorities blocked Jansons from ever hearing about the offer.[5]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Mariss Jansons
беларуская: Марыс Янсанс
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Марыс Янсанс
čeština: Mariss Jansons
español: Mariss Jansons
français: Mariss Jansons
italiano: Mariss Jansons
latviešu: Mariss Jansons
Nederlands: Mariss Jansons
português: Mariss Jansons
română: Mariss Jansons
Simple English: Mariss Jansons
slovenščina: Mariss Jansons
українська: Маріс Янсонс