Maria Josepha of Austria

Maria Josepha of Austria
Maria Josepha von Sachsen-Litauen-Polen-Österreich.jpg
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania
Electress consort of Saxony
Tenure1734 – 17 November 1757
Coronation17 January 1734
Wawel Cathedral, Kraków
Born8 December 1699
Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria
Died17 November 1757(1757-11-17) (aged 57)
Dresden, Saxony
BurialCatholic Court Church, Dresden
SpouseAugustus III of Poland
Issue
More
Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony
Maria Amalia, Queen of Spain
Princess Maria Margaretha
Maria Anna, Electress of Bavaria
Prince Franz Xavier
Maria Josepha, Dauphine of France
Carl, Duke of Courland
Maria Christina, Abbess of Remiremont
Princess Maria Elisabeth
Albert Casimir, Duke of Teschen
Clemens Wenceslaus, Archbishop of Trier
Maria Kunigunde, Abbess of Essen
HouseHabsburg
FatherJoseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
MotherWilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Maria Josepha of Austria (Maria Josepha Benedikta Antonia Theresia Xaveria Philippine, Polish: Maria Józefa; 8 December 1699 – 17 November 1757) was the last Queen of Poland by marriage to Augustus III. From 1711 to 1717, she was heir presumptive to the Habsburg Empire. Her sister Maria Amalia of Austria became Electress of Bavaria.

Family

Archduchess Maria Josepha (painting c. 1710)

Maria Josepha was born in Vienna, an Archduchess of Austria as the eldest child of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Princess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg. She was named for her father: During the reign of her grandfather, Maria Josepha's father and uncle signed the Mutual Pact of Succession of 1703, which was issued by her grandfather, Emperor Leopold I, and effectively made Maria Josepha the heiress presumptive to her uncle, Emperor Charles VI;[1] however, Charles VI's Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 annulled the earlier agreement and made his daughter Maria Theresa his successor instead of Maria Josepha.

Marriage

A marriage between Maria Josepha and Frederick Augustus II, Elector of Saxony (1696–1763) had been suggested by Frederick's father, August II the Strong, since 1704. The fact that Maria Josepha was not allowed to marry a non-Catholic, however, prevented the marriage. When Augustus converted to Catholicism in 1712, the negotiations became serious. On 20 August 1719, Maria Josepha and Frederick Augustus married. Through this marriage between the Houses of Wettin and Habsburg, Frederick Augustus II's father, hoped to place Saxony in a better position should there arise a war of succession to the Austrian territories.[2] The couple's eldest surviving son, Frederick Christian, eventually succeeded his father as Elector of Saxony. In Saxony, the couple lived at Dresden Castle. The marriage has been described as happy, and Augustus was apparently never unfaithful.

Other Languages
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Марыя Юзэфа фон Габсбург
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Marija Josipa Austrijska