Margaret Mead

Margaret Mead
Margaret Mead (1901-1978).jpg
Mead in 1950
Born(1901-12-16)December 16, 1901
DiedNovember 15, 1978(1978-11-15) (aged 76)
New York City, New York, US
Alma mater
ChildrenMary C. Bateson (born 1939)
AwardsKalinga Prize (1970)

Margaret Mead (December 16, 1901 – November 15, 1978) was an American cultural anthropologist who featured frequently as an author and speaker in the mass media during the 1960s and 1970s.[1] She earned her bachelor's degree at Barnard College in New York City and her MA and PhD degrees from Columbia University. Mead served as President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1975.[2]

Mead was a communicator of anthropology in modern American and Western culture and was often controversial as an academic.[3] Her reports detailing the attitudes towards sex in South Pacific and Southeast Asian traditional cultures influenced the 1960s sexual revolution.[4] She was a proponent of broadening sexual conventions within a context of traditional Western religious life.

Birth, early family life, and education

Margaret Mead, the first of five children, was born in Philadelphia, but raised in nearby Doylestown, Pennsylvania. Her father, Edward Sherwood Mead, was a professor of finance at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, and her mother, Emily (née Fogg) Mead,[5] was a sociologist who studied Italian immigrants.[6] Her sister Katharine (1906–1907) died at the age of nine months. This was a traumatic event for Mead, who had named the girl, and thoughts of her lost sister permeated her daydreams for many years.[7] Her family moved frequently, so her early education was directed by her grandmother until, at age 11, she was enrolled by her family at Buckingham Friends School in Lahaska, Pennsylvania.[8] Her family owned the Longland farm from 1912 to 1926.[9] Born into a family of various religious outlooks, she searched for a form of religion that gave an expression of the faith that she had been formally acquainted with, Christianity.[10] In doing so, she found the rituals of the Episcopal Church to fit the expression of religion she was seeking.[10] Mead studied one year, 1919, at DePauw University, then transferred to Barnard College where she found anthropology mired in "the stupid underbrush of nineteenth century arguments."[11]

Mead earned her bachelor's degree from Barnard in 1923, then began studying with professor Franz Boas and Ruth Benedict at Columbia University, earning her master's degree in 1924.[12] Mead set out in 1925 to do fieldwork in Samoa.[13] In 1926, she joined the American Museum of Natural History, New York City, as assistant curator.[14] She received her PhD from Columbia University in 1929.[15]

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català: Margaret Mead
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עברית: מרגרט מיד
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русский: Мид, Маргарет
slovenčina: Margaret Meadová
slovenščina: Margaret Mead
српски / srpski: Маргарет Мид
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Margaret Mead
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українська: Маргарет Мід
Tiếng Việt: Margaret Mead