Marche

Marche
Flag of Marche
Flag
Coat of arms of Marche
Coat of arms
Anthem: Inno delle Marche
Marches in Italy.svg
CountryItaly
CapitalAncona
Government
 • PresidentLuca Ceriscioli (PD)
Area
 • Total9,366 km2 (3,616 sq mi)
Population
(2012-10-30)
 • Total1,541,692
 • Density160/km2 (430/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Marchigiano, Marchigiani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
GDP/ Nominal€41.7[1] billion (2010)
GDP per capita€26,500[2] (2008)
www.regione.marche.it

Marche (Italian pronunciation: [ˈmarke]), or the Marches[3][4][5] z/, is one of the twenty regions of Italy. The name of the region derives from the plural name of marca, originally referring to the medieval March of Ancona and nearby marches of Camerino and Fermo. Marche is well known for its shoemaking tradition, with the finest and most luxurious Italian footwear being manufactured in this region.

The region is located in the Central area of the country, bordered by Emilia-Romagna and the republic of San Marino to the north, Tuscany to the west, Umbria to the southwest, Abruzzo and Lazio to the south and the Adriatic Sea to the east. Except for river valleys and the often very narrow coastal strip, the land is hilly. A railway from Bologna to Brindisi, built in the 19th century, runs along the coast of the entire territory. Inland, the mountainous nature of the region, even today, allows relatively little travel north and south, except by twisting roads over the passes. The Umbrian enclave of Monte Ruperto (a subdivision of the Comune of Città di Castello) is entirely surrounded by the Province of Pesaro and Urbino, which constitutes the northern part of the region. Urbino, one of the major cities of the region, was the birthplace of Raphael, as well as a major center of Renaissance history.

Geography

View of Marche countryside
A view of Monte Conero

Marche extends over an area of 9,694 square kilometres (3,743 sq mi) of the central Adriatic slope between Emilia-Romagna to the north, Tuscany and Umbria to the west, and Lazio and Abruzzo to the south, the entire eastern boundary being formed by the Adriatic. Most of the region is mountainous or hilly, the main features being the Apennine chain along the internal boundary and an extensive system of hills descending towards the Adriatic. With the sole exception of Monte Vettore, 2,476 metres (8,123 ft) high, the mountains do not exceed 2,400 metres (7,900 ft). The hilly area covers two-thirds of the region and is interrupted by wide gullies with numerous – albeit short – rivers and by alluvial plains perpendicular to the principal chain. The parallel mountain chains contain deep river gorges, the best known being those of the Furlo, the Rossa and the Frasassi.

The coastal area is 173 kilometres (107 mi) long and is relatively flat and straight except for the hilly area between Gabicce and Pesaro in the north, and the eastern slopes of Monte Conero near Ancona.

Climate is temperate. Inland, in the mountainous areas, is more continental with cold and often snowy winters; by the sea is more mediterranean. Precipitation varies from 1000–1500 mm. per year inland and 600–800 mm. per year on the Adriatic coast.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Marken
አማርኛ: ማርኬ
العربية: ماركي
aragonés: Marcas
arpetan: Mârches
asturianu: Marques
Bân-lâm-gú: Marche
беларуская: Марке
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Марке
Bikol Central: Marche
български: Марке
bosanski: Marche
brezhoneg: Marche
català: Marques
Чӑвашла: Марке
Cebuano: Marche
čeština: Marche
corsu: Marche
Cymraeg: Marche
dansk: Marche
davvisámegiella: Marche
Deutsch: Marken
eesti: Marche
Ελληνικά: Μάρκε
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Mèrch
Esperanto: Markio (Italio)
euskara: Markak
فارسی: مارکه
français: Marches
furlan: Marchis
Gaeilge: Marche
Gàidhlig: Marche
galego: As Marcas
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Marche
한국어: 마르케주
հայերեն: Մարկե
hrvatski: Marke
Ido: Marche
Bahasa Indonesia: Marche
interlingua: Marche
Ирон: Марке
íslenska: Marke
italiano: Marche
עברית: מארקה
Basa Jawa: Marche
Kapampangan: Marche
ქართული: მარკე
kernowek: Marche
Kiswahili: Marche
Ladino: Markas
latviešu: Marke
lietuvių: Markė (Italija)
Ligure: Marche
lumbaart: Marche
magyar: Marche
македонски: Марке
मराठी: मार्के
مازِرونی: مارکه
Bahasa Melayu: Marche
Nederlands: Marche (Italië)
日本語: マルケ州
Napulitano: Marche
нохчийн: Марке
Nordfriisk: Marken
norsk: Marche
norsk nynorsk: Marche
occitan: Marchas
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਾਰਕੇ
پنجابی: صوبہ مارچے
Picard: Markés
Piemontèis: Marche
polski: Marche
português: Marcas
română: Marche
русский: Марке
sardu: Marche
Scots: Marche
shqip: Marke
sicilianu: Marchi
Simple English: Marche
slovenčina: Marky
slovenščina: Marke
српски / srpski: Марке
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Marche
suomi: Marche
svenska: Marche
Tagalog: Marche
tarandíne: Marche
Türkçe: Marche
українська: Марке
اردو: مارکے
vèneto: Marche
Tiếng Việt: Marche
Winaray: Marche
粵語: 馬其