Gamil Rodrigue Liass Gharbi
October 26, 1964
|Died||December 6, 1989 (aged 25)|
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Cause of death||Suicide by self-inflicted gunshot|
|Date||December 6, 1989|
|Killed||15 (including himself)|
Marc Lépine (French pronunciation:
Lépine was born in Montreal, the son of Canadian nurse Monique Lepine, and Algerian businessman Rachid Gharbi. Rachid was abusive and contemptuous of women, and left the relationship when Marc was seven, when Monique returned to nursing to support her children. Lépine and his younger sister lived with other families, seeing their mother on weekends. Lépine was considered bright but withdrawn, and had difficulties with peer and family relationships. He changed his name to Marc Lépine at the age of 14 giving "hatred of his father" as the reason.
Lépine's application to the
Lépine had long complained about women working in "non-traditional" jobs. After several months of planning, including the purchase of a semi-automatic rifle, he entered the École Polytechnique de Montréal on the afternoon of December 6, 1989, separated the men from the women in a classroom, and shot the women, claiming that he was "fighting feminism". He then moved into other parts of the building, targeting only the women, before killing himself. His suicide note blamed feminists for ruining his life.
Lépine's actions have been variously ascribed from a psychiatry perspective with diagnoses such as
Marc Lépine was born Gamil Rodrigue Liass Gharbi on October 26, 1964, in
Instability and violence marked the family: it moved frequently, and much of Lépine's early childhood was spent in
In 1970, following an incident in which Rachid struck Gamil so hard that the marks on his face were visible a week later, his mother decided to leave. The legal separation was finalized in 1971, and the divorce in 1976. Following the separation, Gamil lived with his mother and younger sister Nadia; soon after, their home and possessions were seized when Rachid defaulted on mortgage payments. Gamil was afraid of his father, and at first saw him on weekly supervised visits. The visits ended quickly, as Rachid ceased contact with his children soon after the separation. Gamil never again saw his father, and in the future refused to discuss him with others.
Rachid stopped making support payments after paying them twice, and to make ends meet, Monique returned to nursing. She subsequently started taking further courses to advance her career. During this time the children lived with other families during the week, seeing their mother only on weekends. Concerned about her children and parenting skills, she sought help for the family from a psychiatrist at
After the divorce became final in 1976, the children, then aged 12 and 9, returned to live with their mother, who was director of nursing at a Montreal hospital. In 1977, the family moved to a house purchased in the
Seeking a good male role model for Lépine, his mother arranged for a
Lépine applied to join the
In 1982 at the age of 18, the family moved to
In August 1982, Lépine began a two-year pre-university course in
He moved out of his mother's home into his own apartment, and in 1986 he applied to study engineering at École Polytechnique de Montréal. He was admitted on the condition that he complete two compulsory courses, including one in
In the fall of 1987, in order to complete his college diploma, Lépine took three courses, obtaining good marks in all of them, and in February 1988, began a course in computer programming at a private college in downtown Montreal, funding his studies with government student loans. He moved into a downtown apartment with his old high school friend, and in the winter of 1989 took a CEGEP night-course in solution chemistry, a prerequisite course for the École Polytechnique. Lépine wanted a girlfriend, but was generally ill at ease around women. He tended to boss women around and show off his knowledge in front of them. He spoke out to men about his dislike of feminists, career women and women in traditionally male occupations, such as the police force, stating that women should remain in the home, caring for their families. Lépine applied again to the École Polytechnique in 1989; however his application was rejected as he lacked required courses. In March 1989 he abandoned the course in computer programming, though he performed well in the CEGEP course, obtaining 100% in his final exam. In April 1989 he met with a university admissions officer, and complained about how women were taking over the job market from men.