Marble

Marble in Carrara marble quarry, Italy
The Taj Mahal is entirely clad in marble.

Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite. Marble may be foliated. In geology the term "marble" refers to metamorphosed limestone, but its use in stonemasonry more broadly encompasses unmetamorphosed limestone.[1] Marble is commonly used for sculpture and as a building material.

Etymology

Carlo Franzoni's sculptural marble chariot clock, the Car of History, depicting Clio, the Greek muse of history.

The word "marble" derives from the Ancient Greek μάρμαρον (mármaron),[2] from μάρμαρος (mármaros), "crystalline rock, shining stone",[3][4] perhaps from the verb μαρμαίρω (marmaírō), "to flash, sparkle, gleam";[5] R. S. P. Beekes has suggested that a "Pre-Greek origin is probable."[6]

Folded and weathered marble at General Carrera Lake, Chile

This stem is also the basis for the English word marmoreal, meaning "marble-like." While the English term resembles the French marbre, most other European languages follow the original Greek.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Marmor
العربية: رخام
aragonés: Marbre
asturianu: Mármole
azərbaycanca: Mərmər
Bân-lâm-gú: Tāi-lí-chio̍h
беларуская: Мармур
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мармур
български: Мрамор
bosanski: Mramor
brezhoneg: Marbr
català: Marbre
čeština: Mramor
Cymraeg: Marmor
dansk: Marmor
Deutsch: Marmor
eesti: Marmor
Ελληνικά: Μάρμαρο
español: Mármol
Esperanto: Marmoro
euskara: Haitzurdin
فارسی: سنگ مرمر
français: Marbre
Gaeilge: Marmar
galego: Mármore
한국어: 대리암
Հայերեն: Մարմար
हिन्दी: संगमर्मर
hrvatski: Mramor
Ido: Marmoro
Bahasa Indonesia: Marmer
interlingua: Marmore
íslenska: Marmari
italiano: Marmo
עברית: שיש
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಮೃತಶಿಲೆ
ქართული: მარმარილო
қазақша: Мәрмәр
Kiswahili: Marumaru
Кыргызча: Мрамор
Latina: Marmor
latviešu: Marmors
Lëtzebuergesch: Marber
lietuvių: Marmuras
Limburgs: Marmer
Livvinkarjala: Mruamoru
lumbaart: Marmor
magyar: Márvány
македонски: Мермер
മലയാളം: മാർബിൾ
मराठी: संगमरवर
Bahasa Melayu: Marmar
монгол: Гантиг
မြန်မာဘာသာ: စကျင်ကျောက်
Nederlands: Marmer
日本語: 大理石
norsk: Marmor
norsk nynorsk: Marmor
occitan: Marbre
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Marmar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਾਰਬਲ
پنجابی: سنگ مرمر
polski: Marmur
português: Mármore
Ripoarisch: Marmor
română: Marmură
Runa Simi: Pachar
русский: Мрамор
Scots: Marble
sicilianu: Màrmuru
සිංහල: කිරිගරුඬ
Simple English: Marble
سنڌي: سنگ مرمر
slovenčina: Mramor
slovenščina: Marmor
српски / srpski: Мермер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mramor
suomi: Marmori
svenska: Marmor
தமிழ்: பளிங்கு
тоҷикӣ: Мармар
Türkçe: Mermer
українська: Мармур
اردو: سنگ مرمر
vèneto: Màrmaro
Tiếng Việt: Đá hoa
Winaray: Marmol
粵語: 大理石
中文: 大理石