Marathi language

Marathi
मराठी
Marāṭhī
Marathi written in Devanagari script.svg
"Marathi" in Devanagari script
Pronunciation[məˈɾaʈʰi]
Native toIndia
RegionMaharashtra
EthnicityMarathis
Native speakers
83 million (2011 census)[1]
Early form
Dialects
Devanagari (Balbodh)[2]
Devanagari Braille
Modi (historical/traditional)[3]
Indian Signing System
Official status
Official language in
 IndiaMaharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Daman and Diu,[4] and Dadra and Nagar Haveli[5]
Regulated byMaharashtra Sahitya Parishad & various other institutions
Language codes
mr
mar
ISO 639-3Either:
mar – Modern Marathi
omr – Old Marathi
omr Old Marathi
mara1378  Modern Marathi[6]
oldm1244  Old Marathi[7]
Linguasphere59-AAF-o
Idioma marathi.png

Marathi (English: i/;[8] मराठी Marāṭhī; Marathi: [məˈɾaʈʰi] (About this sound listen)) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by around 83 million Marathi people of Maharashtra, India. It is the official language and co-official language in the Maharashtra and Goa states of Western India, respectively, and is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. There were 83 million speakers in 2011; Marathi ranks 19th in the list of most spoken languages in the world. Marathi has the third largest number of native speakers in India, after Hindi and Bengali.[9] Marathi has some of the oldest literature of all modern Indian languages, dating from about 900 AD.[10] The major dialects of Marathi are Standard Marathi and the Varhadi dialect.[11] Koli, Malvani Konkani has been heavily influenced by Marathi varieties.

Marathi distinguishes inclusive and exclusive forms of 'we' and possesses a three-way gender system that features the neuter in addition to the masculine and the feminine. In its phonology it contrasts apico-alveolar with alveopalatal affricates and, in common with Gujarati, alveolar with retroflex laterals ([l] and [ɭ], Marathi letters and respectively).[12]

Geographic distribution

Marathi is primarily spoken in Maharashtra (India) and parts of neighbouring states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka (Particularly the bordering districts of Belgaum, Bidar, Gulbarga and Uttara Kannada), union-territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The former Maratha ruled cities of Baroda, Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur and Tanjore have had sizable Marathi speaking populations for centuries. Marathi is also spoken by Maharashtrian emigrants to other parts of India and overseas.[13]

There were 83 million native Marathi speakers in India, according to the 2011 census, making it the third most spoken native language after Hindi and Bengali. Native Marathi speakers form 6.86 % of India's population. Native speakers of Marathi formed 68.93% of the population in Maharashtra, 10.89% in Goa, 7.01% in Dadra and Nagar Haveli, 4.53% in Daman and Diu, 3.38% in Karnataka, 1.7% in Madhya Pradesh and 1.52% in Gujarat.[14]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Marathi
العربية: لغة مراثية
অসমীয়া: মাৰাঠী ভাষা
asturianu: Idioma marathi
azərbaycanca: Marathi dili
Bân-lâm-gú: Marathi-gí
беларуская: Маратхі (мова)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Маратгі (мова)
भोजपुरी: मराठी
Bikol Central: Marati
български: Маратхи
brezhoneg: Marateg
català: Marathi
čeština: Maráthština
Cymraeg: Marathi
Deutsch: Marathi
ދިވެހިބަސް: މަރާޓީ
Ελληνικά: Μαράτι (γλώσσα)
español: Idioma marathi
Esperanto: Marata lingvo
euskara: Marathera
Fiji Hindi: Marathi bhasa
français: Marathi (langue)
ગુજરાતી: મરાઠી ભાષા
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: मराठी
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Marathi-ngî
한국어: 마라타어
हिन्दी: मराठी भाषा
hrvatski: Marathi jezik
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মারাঠি ঠার
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Marathi
íslenska: Maratí
italiano: Lingua marathi
עברית: מראטהית
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮರಾಠಿ
ქართული: მარათული ენა
Kiswahili: Kimarathi
коми: Маратхи
Кыргызча: Маратхи тили
latviešu: Marathu valoda
lietuvių: Marathų kalba
मैथिली: मराठी भाषा
Malagasy: Fiteny Marathi
മലയാളം: മറാഠി ഭാഷ
მარგალური: მარათული ნინა
مصرى: مراتى
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Marathi
монгол: Марати хэл
Nederlands: Marathi (taal)
नेपाली: मराठी भाषा
नेपाल भाषा: मराठी भाषा
norsk: Marathi
norsk nynorsk: Marathi
occitan: Marata
پنجابی: مراٹھی
Piemontèis: Lenga marathi
português: Língua marata
română: Limba marathi
Runa Simi: Marathi simi
संस्कृतम्: मराठीभाषा
Simple English: Marathi language
slovenčina: Maráthčina
српски / srpski: Маратхи језик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Marathi jezik
svenska: Marathi
తెలుగు: మరాఠీ భాష
Türkçe: Marathi
українська: Маратхі (мова)
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ماراتىچە
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Marathi
粵語: 馬拉提文
Zazaki: Meratki
中文: 马拉地语