Maracaibo

Maracaibo
Municipality
Maracaibo panoramica avenida Cecilio Acosta cuted.jpg
Edificios en la Avenida El Milagro, Maracaibo, Venezuela.jpg
Palacio de Eventos.jpg
Basilica of the chinita on the night of the Nazarene procession.jpg
Puente de Maracaibo.jpg
Panorama of Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela.jpg
Basílica Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Chiquinquirá (Exterior 1).jpg
Edificios en la avenida 5 de Julio de Maracaibo, Zulia, Venezuela.JPG
Images of Maracaibo
Flag of Maracaibo
Flag
Official seal of Maracaibo
Seal
Nickname(s): 
"La Tierra del Sol Amada"
(English: "The Beloved Land of the Sun")
Motto(s): 
"Muy noble y leal"
(English: "Very noble and loyal")
Maracaibo is located in Venezuela
Maracaibo
Maracaibo
Coordinates: 10°38′N 71°38′W / 10°38′N 71°38′W / 10.633; -71.633
The area and population figures are for the municipality.

Maracaibo (/; Spanish pronunciation: [maɾaˈkaiβo] (About this soundlisten)) is a city and the municipal seat of Maracaibo Municipality in northwestern Venezuela, on the western shore of the strait that connects Lake Maracaibo to the Gulf of Venezuela. It is the second-largest city in Venezuela, after the national capital, Caracas, and the capital of the state of Zulia. The population of the city is approximately 2,658,355[1] with the metropolitan area estimated at 5,278,448 as of 2010.[2]Maracaibo is nicknamed "The Beloved Land of the Sun" (Spanish: "La Tierra del Sol Amada").

Maracaibo is considered the economic center of the western part of Venezuela, owing to the petroleum industry that developed in the shores of Lake Maracaibo. It is sometimes known as "The First City of Venezuela", for being the first city in Venezuela to adopt various types of public services, including electricity, as well as for being located adjacent to shores of Lake Maracaibo, where the name of Venezuela allegedly originates.[3]

Early indigenous settlements around the area were of Arawak and Carib origin. Maracaibo’s founding date is disputed. There were failed attempts to found the city—in 1529, by Captain Ambrosio Ehinger, and in 1569, by Captain Alonso Pacheco. Founded in 1574 as Nueva Zamora de la Laguna de Maracaibo by Captain Pedro Maldonado, the city became a transshipment point for inland settlements after Gibraltar, at the head of the lake, had been destroyed by pirates in 1669. It was not until the first decades of the 17th century that the first town was settled.[4] Petroleum was discovered in 1917, leading to a large increase in population from migration.

Maracaibo is served by La Chinita International Airport. The General Rafael Urdaneta Bridge connects Maracaibo with the rest of the country. The La Chiquinquirá Church catholic church within the city.

Etymology

The name Maracaibo is said to come from the brave cacique (Indian chief) Mara, a young native who valiantly resisted the Spaniards and died fighting them. Legend says that when Mara fell, the Indians shouted "Mara kayó!" (Mara fell!), thus originating the city name --although it would be strange for them to shout in Spanish. Other historians say that the first name of this land in the local language was "Maara-iwo" meaning "Place where serpents abound".

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Maracaibo
العربية: ماراكايبو
aragonés: Maracaibo
asturianu: Maracaibo
Aymar aru: Marakaywu
беларуская: Маракайба (горад)
български: Маракайбо
català: Maracaibo
Cebuano: Maracaibo
čeština: Maracaibo
dansk: Maracaibo
Deutsch: Maracaibo
Ελληνικά: Μαρακαΐμπο
español: Maracaibo
Esperanto: Marakajbo
euskara: Maracaibo
فارسی: ماراکایبو
français: Maracaibo
Gàidhlig: Maracaibo
galego: Maracaibo
한국어: 마라카이보
hrvatski: Maracaibo
Bahasa Indonesia: Maracaibo
Interlingue: Maracaibo
italiano: Maracaibo
עברית: מרקאיבו
ქართული: მარაკაიბო
қазақша: Маракайбо
Кыргызча: Маракайбо
Ladino: Maracaibo
latviešu: Marakaibo
lietuvių: Marakaibas
magyar: Maracaibo
Bahasa Melayu: Maracaibo
монгол: Маракайбо
Nederlands: Maracaibo
日本語: マラカイボ
norsk: Maracaibo
norsk nynorsk: Maracaibo
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Marakaibo
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਾਰਾਕਾਈਬੋ
polski: Maracaibo
português: Maracaibo
română: Maracaibo
rumantsch: Maracaibo
Runa Simi: Marakaypu
Scots: Maracaibo
sicilianu: Maracaibo
Simple English: Maracaibo
slovenčina: Maracaibo
ślůnski: Maracaibo
српски / srpski: Маракаибо
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Maracaibo
suomi: Maracaibo
svenska: Maracaibo
татарча/tatarça: Маракайбо
Türkçe: Maracaibo
українська: Маракайбо
vepsän kel’: Marakaibo (lidn)
Tiếng Việt: Maracaibo
Volapük: Maracaibo
Winaray: Maracaibo
中文: 马拉开波