Manuel de Amat y Junyent


Manuel de Amat

Amat junyent.jpg
Portrait of Amat as Viceroy of Peru, 1773
Viceroy of Peru
In office
October 12, 1761 – July 17, 1776
MonarchCharles III
Prime MinisterCount of Aranda
Preceded byJosé Antonio Manso de Velasco
Succeeded byManuel de Guirior
Royal Governor of Chile
In office
December 28, 1755 – September 9, 1761
MonarchFerdinand VI
Preceded byDomingo Ortiz de Rosas
Succeeded byFélix de Berroeta
Personal details
Born(1707-03-21)21 March 1707
Vacarisses, Spain
Died14 February 1782(1782-02-14) (aged 74)
Barcelona, Spain
Spouse(s)María Francisca de Fivaller
ProfessionField Marshal
Signature

Manuel de Amat y Junyent, OSJ, OM (Catalan: Manuel d'Amat i de Junyent) (March 1707 – February 14, 1782) was a Spanish military officer and colonial administrator. He was the Royal Governor of the Captaincy General of Chile from December 28, 1755 to September 9, 1761, and Viceroy of Peru from October 12, 1761 to July 17, 1776.[1]

Origins and military career

Felipe Manuel Cayetano de Amat y de Junyent was born in March 1707 in Vacarisses (Province of Barcelona), into an aristocratic Catalan family. His father was José de Amat y de Planella, Marquis de Castellbell, and his mother was Mariana de Junyent y de Vergós, daughter of the Marquis de Castellmeià.

He entered the army at a young age. In 1719 he saw hostile action against the French in Aragon. At the age of 17 he joined the Order of Malta and went to the island, where he remained four years. He later served in the wars in northern Africa, and obtained the command of a regiment of dragoons.

He distinguished himself in the Battle of Bitonto in the Kingdom of Naples (May 25, 1734). There he served with the contingent under the command of the Carrillo de Albornoz, Duke of Montemar that defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Bitonto in the War of the Polish Succession. He also stood out in the siege of Gaeta later in 1734.

He was promoted to field marshal.