|Motto(s): Latin: Gloriosus et Liber|
"Glorious and free"
"Glorieux et libre" (French)
|Confederation||15 July 1870 (5th)|
|Largest metro||Winnipeg Capital Region|
| • Lieutenant Governor||Janice Filmon|
| • Premier||Brian Pallister (PC)|
|Legislature||Legislative Assembly of Manitoba|
|Federal representation||(in Canadian Parliament)|
|House seats||14 of 338 (4.1%)|
|Senate seats||6 of 105 (5.7%)|
| • Total||649,950 km2 (250,950 sq mi)|
| • Land||548,360 km2 (211,720 sq mi)|
| • Water||101,593 km2 (39,225 sq mi) 15.6%|
|Area rank||Ranked 8th|
| ||6.5% of Canada|
| • Total||1,278,365 |
| • Estimate (2018 Q1)||1,346,993 |
| • Rank||Ranked 5th|
| • Density||2.33/km2 (6.0/sq mi)|
| • Rank||6th|
| • Total (2015)||C$65.862 billion|
| • Per capita||C$50,820 (9th)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC–6, (DST −5)|
|Postal code prefix||R|
|ISO 3166 code||CA-MB|
|Flower|| Prairie crocus|
|Tree|| White spruce|
|Bird|| Great grey owl|
|Rankings include all provinces and territories|
Manitoba (/ ( listen)) is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada. It is often considered one of the three prairie provinces (with Alberta and Saskatchewan) and Canada's fifth-most populous province with its estimated 1.3 million people. Manitoba covers 649,950 square kilometres (250,900 sq mi) with a widely varied landscape, stretching from the northern oceanic coastline to the southern border with the United States. The province is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territories of Nunavut to the north, and Northwest Territories to the northwest, and the US states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south.
Aboriginal peoples have inhabited what is now Manitoba for thousands of years. In the late 17th century, fur traders arrived in the area when it was part of Rupert's Land and owned by the Hudson's Bay Company. In 1869, negotiations for the creation of the province of Manitoba led to an armed uprising of the Métis people against the Government of Canada, a conflict known as the Red River Rebellion. The rebellion's resolution led to the Parliament of Canada passing the Manitoba Act in 1870 that created the province.
Manitoba's capital and largest city, Winnipeg, is the eighth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada. Other census agglomerations in the province are Brandon, Steinbach, Portage la Prairie, and Thompson.