Mangaka

"Mangaka" (漫画家) is the Japanese word for manga artist. Outside Japan, manga usually refers to a Japanese comic book, and mangaka refers to the author of the manga, who is usually Japanese. As of 2006, about 3000 professional mangaka were working in Japan.[1]

Most mangaka study at an art college or manga school, or take on an apprenticeship with another artist before entering the industry as a primary creator. More rarely a mangaka breaks into the industry directly, without previously being an assistant. For example, Naoko Takeuchi, author of Sailor Moon, won a contest sponsored by Kodansha, and manga pioneer Osamu Tezuka was first published while studying an unrelated degree, without working as an assistant.

A mangaka will rise to prominence through recognition of their ability when they spark the interest of institutions, individuals or a demographic of manga consumers. For example, there are contests which prospective mangaka may enter, sponsored by manga editors and publishers. They are also recognized for the number of manga they run at one time.[2] [3]

Etymology

The word can be broken down into two parts: manga (漫画) and ka ().

The manga corresponds to the medium of art the artist uses: comics, or Japanese comics, depending on how the term is used inside or outside Japan.

The -ka (家) suffix implies a degree of expertise and traditional authorship. For example, this term would not be applied to a writer creating a story which is then handed over to a manga artist for drawing. The Japanese term for such a writer of comics is gensakusha (原作者).

In a 2010 message from, at the time Japan Cartoonists Association [ja] chairman, Takashi Yanase it says: "[w]hile Japan is often said to be world's cartoon kingdom, not a few people will surely be wondering what exactly the Japanese mean by the term 'cartoon'. Unfortunately, there is no hard-and-fast definition that can be offered, since the members of this association lay claim to an extensive variety of works."[4]

Other Languages
العربية: مانغاكا
asturianu: Mangaka
azərbaycanca: Manqaka
беларуская: Мангака
български: Мангака
brezhoneg: Mangaka
català: Mangaka
Cebuano: Mangaka
čeština: Mangaka
dansk: Mangaka
Deutsch: Mangaka
español: Mangaka
euskara: Mangaka
فارسی: مانگاکا
français: Mangaka
galego: Mangaka
Bahasa Indonesia: Mangaka
íslenska: Mangaka
italiano: Mangaka
Basa Jawa: Mangaka
ქართული: მანგაკა
Latina: Mangaka
Lëtzebuergesch: Mangaka
magyar: Mangaka
Bahasa Melayu: Mangaka
Nāhuatl: Mangaka
Nederlands: Mangaka
Napulitano: Mangaka
polski: Mangaka
português: Mangaká
română: Mangaka
русский: Мангака
Scots: Mangaka
shqip: Mangaka
Simple English: Mangaka
slovenčina: Mangaka
کوردی: مانگاکا
српски / srpski: Мангака
svenska: Mangaka
Tagalog: Mangaka
Türkçe: Mangaka
українська: Манґака
Tiếng Việt: Tác giả manga