Manga (漫画 Manga) are
comics created in
Japan or by creators in the
Japanese language, conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.
 They have a long and complex pre-history in earlier
The term manga (
info); English: / or /) in Japan is a word used to refer to both comics and
cartooning. "Manga" as a term used outside Japan refers to comics originally published in Japan.
In Japan, people of all ages read manga. The medium includes works in a broad range of genres: action-adventure, business and commerce, comedy, detective, historical drama, horror, mystery, romance, science fiction and fantasy, sexuality, sports and games, and suspense, among others.
Many manga are translated into other languages.
 Since the 1950s, manga has steadily become a major part of the Japanese publishing industry,
 representing a
¥406 billion market in Japan in 2007 (approximately
$3.6 billion) and ¥420 billion (approximately $5.5 billion) in 2009.
 Manga have also gained a significant worldwide audience.
 In Europe and the Middle East the market was worth $250 million in 2012.
 In 2008, in the U.S. and Canada, the manga market was valued at $175 million. Manga represent 38 % of the French comics market, nearly 260 million Euros which is equivalent to approximately ten times to that of the United States.
 Manga stories are typically printed in
 although some full-color manga exist (e.g.,
Colorful). In Japan, manga are usually serialized in large manga magazines, often containing many stories, each presented in a single episode to be continued in the next issue. If the series is successful, collected chapters may be republished in
tankōbon volumes, frequently but not exclusively,
 A manga artist (
mangaka in Japanese) typically works with a few assistants in a small studio and is associated with a creative editor from a commercial publishing company.
 If a manga series is popular enough, it may be
animated after or even during its run.
 Sometimes manga are drawn centering on previously existing
live-action or animated films.
Manga-influenced comics, among original works, exist in other parts of the world, particularly in
manhua"), and South Korea ("