City of Manchester Nickname(s): Motto(s):
Latin: "Concilio Et Labore"
"By wisdom and effort"
Location within the United Kingdom
Coordinates: 53°28′46″N 2°14′43″W / 53°28′46″N 2°14′43″W / 53.47944; -2.24528 Motorways M56 M60 A57(M) A635(M) Trunk primary routes A5103 Major railway stations ( Manchester Airport ) B ( Manchester Oxford Road ) C1 ( Manchester Piccadilly ) A ( Manchester Victoria ) B Tramways Metrolink International airports ( Manchester ) MAN GDP 113.3 billion US$  – Per capita 38,233 US$  MPs ( Graham Stringer ) L ( Lucy Powell ) L ( Afzal Khan ) L ( Jeff Smith ) L ( Mike Kane ) L Councillors 96 European Parliament North West England Police Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Greater Manchester Ambulance www.manchester.gov.uk Manchester (-/)  is a city and  in metropolitan borough , Greater Manchester , with a population of 547,627 as of 2018 (5th most populous England ). English district It lies within the United Kingdom's  , with a population of 2.9 million, second-most populous urban area and third-most populous  , with a population of 3.3 million. metropolitan area It is fringed by the  to the south, the Cheshire Plain to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The Pennines for the city is local authority . Manchester City Council
began with the civilian settlement associated with the history of Manchester Roman of fort Mamucium or Mancunium, which was established in about AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers and Medlock . It is Irwell a part of historically , although areas of Lancashire south of the Cheshire were incorporated in the 20th century. The first to be included, River Mersey , was added to the city in 1931. Throughout the Wythenshawe Manchester remained a Middle Ages manorial , but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in township , textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution and resulted in it becoming the world's first industrialised city.  Manchester achieved city status in 1853. The  opened in 1894, creating the Manchester Ship Canal and directly linking the city to the Port of Manchester , 36 miles (58 km) to the west. Its fortune declined after the Irish Sea , owing to Second World War , but the deindustrialisation IRA led to extensive investment and regeneration. bombing in 1996 Following successful redevelopment after the IRA bombing, Manchester was the host city for the  . 2002 Commonwealth Games
Manchester is the third most visited city in the UK, after London and
. Edinburgh It is notable for its  , architecture , culture , musical exports , media links , scientific and engineering output , social impact and sports clubs . transport connections
A city of notable firsts,
was the world's first inter-city passenger railway station. The city has also excelled in scientific advancement, as it was at The University of Manchester in 1917 that scientist Ernest Rutherford first Manchester Liverpool Road railway station , in 1948 Frederic C. Williams, Tom Kilburn, and Geoff Tootill developed and built the world's first split the atom , and in 2004 Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov successfully isolated and characterised the first stored-program computer . graphene
Manchester is known as the location for various different organised
activities. It is the home to two sport soccer teams, including the record 20-time-winning Premier League and Manchester United F.C. , and has hosted World Championships in Manchester City F.C. and cycling . squash
Manchester originates from the name Latin Mamucium or its variant Mancunio and the citizens are still referred to as Mancunians (/). These names are generally thought to represent a of an original Latinisation Brittonic . The generally accepted etymology of this name is that it comes from Brittonic * name mamm- (" ", in reference to a " breast "). breast-like hill  However, more recent work suggests that it could come from *  mamma (" ", in reference to a mother local river ). Both usages are preserved in goddess , such as Insular Celtic languages mam meaning "breast" in and "mother" in Welsh. Irish The  suffix is from -chester Old English ceaster ("Roman fortification", itself a loanword from Latin castra, "fort; fortified town").