City of Manchester
Clockwise from top: City Centre (2009), Beetham Tower, Manchester Civil Justice Centre, Midland Hotel, One Angel Square, Manchester Town Hall
"Cottonopolis", "Warehouse City", "Madchester", "The Rainy City", “Manny”, “0161
Latin: "Concilio Et Labore" "By wisdom and effort"
Shown within Greater Manchester
Shown within Greater Manchester
Manchester is located in England
Location within England
Manchester is located in the United Kingdom
Location within the United Kingdom
Manchester is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 53°28′46″N 2°14′43″W / 53°28′46″N 2°14′43″W / 53.47944; -2.24528
Trunk primary routesA5103
Major railway stationsManchester Airport (B)
Manchester Oxford Road (C1)
Manchester Piccadilly (A)
Manchester Victoria (B)
International airportsManchester (MAN)
GDPUS$ 113.3 billion[4]
– Per capitaUS$ 38,233[4]
MPsGraham Stringer (L)
Lucy Powell (L)
Afzal Khan (L)
Jeff Smith (L)
Mike Kane (L)
European ParliamentNorth West England
PoliceGreater Manchester
Fire and RescueGreater Manchester

Manchester (s-/)[5][6] is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 547,627 as of 2018 (5th most populous English district).[7] It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous urban area, with a population of 2.9 million,[8] and third-most populous metropolitan area, with a population of 3.3 million.[9] It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority for the city is Manchester City Council.

The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium or Mancunium, which was established in about AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell. It is historically a part of Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated in the 20th century. The first to be included, Wythenshawe, was added to the city in 1931. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township, but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution,[10] and resulted in it becoming the world's first industrialised city.[11] Manchester achieved city status in 1853. The Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and directly linking the city to the Irish Sea, 36 miles (58 km) to the west. Its fortune declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation, but the IRA bombing in 1996 led to extensive investment and regeneration.[12] Following successful redevelopment after the IRA bombing, Manchester was the host city for the 2002 Commonwealth Games.

Manchester is the third most visited city in the UK, after London and Edinburgh.[13] It is notable for its architecture, culture, musical exports, media links, scientific and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections.

A city of notable firsts, Manchester Liverpool Road railway station was the world's first inter-city passenger railway station. The city has also excelled in scientific advancement, as it was at The University of Manchester in 1917 that scientist Ernest Rutherford first split the atom, in 1948 Frederic C. Williams, Tom Kilburn, and Geoff Tootill developed and built the world's first stored-program computer, and in 2004 Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov successfully isolated and characterised the first graphene.

Manchester is known as the location for various different organised sport activities. It is the home to two Premier League soccer teams, including the record 20-time-winning Manchester United F.C. and Manchester City F.C., and has hosted World Championships in cycling and squash.


The name Manchester originates from the Latin name Mamucium or its variant Mancunio and the citizens are still referred to as Mancunians (n/). These names are generally thought to represent a Latinisation of an original Brittonic name. The generally accepted etymology of this name is that it comes from Brittonic *mamm- ("breast", in reference to a "breast-like hill").[14][15] However, more recent work suggests that it could come from *mamma ("mother", in reference to a local river goddess). Both usages are preserved in Insular Celtic languages, such as mam meaning "breast" in Irish and "mother" in Welsh.[16] The suffix -chester is from Old English ceaster ("Roman fortification", itself a loanword from Latin castra, "fort; fortified town").[15][14]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Manchester
አማርኛ: ማንችስተር
Ænglisc: Mameceaster
العربية: مانشستر
aragonés: Manchester
armãneashti: Manchester
asturianu: Manchester
Avañe'ẽ: Manchester
azərbaycanca: Mançester
تۆرکجه: منچستر
Bân-lâm-gú: Manchester
беларуская: Манчэстэр
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Манчэстэр
български: Манчестър
bosanski: Manchester
brezhoneg: Manchester
català: Manchester
čeština: Manchester
Cymraeg: Manceinion
dansk: Manchester
Deutsch: Manchester
eesti: Manchester
Ελληνικά: Μάντσεστερ
español: Mánchester
Esperanto: Manĉestro
estremeñu: Manchester
euskara: Manchester
فارسی: منچستر
føroyskt: Manchester
français: Manchester
Frysk: Manchester
Gaeilge: Manchain
Gaelg: Manchuin
Gàidhlig: Manchester
galego: Manchester
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Manchester
한국어: 맨체스터
Hausa: Manchester
հայերեն: Մանչեստր
हिन्दी: मैन्चेस्टर
hrvatski: Manchester
Bahasa Indonesia: Manchester
Interlingue: Manchester
íslenska: Manchester
italiano: Manchester
עברית: מנצ'סטר
ქართული: მანჩესტერი
қазақша: Манчестер
Kiswahili: Manchester
Кыргызча: Манчестер
Latina: Mancunium
latviešu: Mančestra
lietuvių: Mančesteris
Limburgs: Manchester
Lingua Franca Nova: Manchester
magyar: Manchester
македонски: Манчестер
मराठी: मँचेस्टर
მარგალური: მანჩესტერი
مصرى: مانشستر
مازِرونی: منچستر
Bahasa Melayu: Manchester
монгол: Манчестер
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မန်ချက်စတာမြို့
Nederlands: Manchester
Nedersaksies: Mesjester (Engeland)
нохчийн: Манчестер
norsk: Manchester
norsk nynorsk: Manchester
Nouormand: Manchêtre
occitan: Manchester
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Manchester
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਾਨਚੈਸਟਰ
پنجابی: مانچسٹر
ភាសាខ្មែរ: មែនឈេសទ័រ
Piemontèis: Manchester
polski: Manchester
português: Manchester
Qaraqalpaqsha: Manchester
română: Manchester
Runa Simi: Manchester
русский: Манчестер
sardu: Manchester
Scots: Manchester
shqip: Mançester
sicilianu: Manchester
Simple English: Manchester
slovenčina: Manchester
slovenščina: Manchester
ślůnski: Manchester
Soomaaliga: Manchester
کوردی: مەنچستر
српски / srpski: Манчестер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Manchester
suomi: Manchester
svenska: Manchester
Tagalog: Manchester
Taqbaylit: Manchester
татарча/tatarça: Mançester
తెలుగు: మాంచెస్టర్
Türkçe: Manchester
українська: Манчестер
اردو: مانچسٹر
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Manchéstér
vèneto: Manchester
vepsän kel’: Mančester
Tiếng Việt: Manchester
Volapük: Manchester
Winaray: Manchester
吴语: 曼彻斯特
ייִדיש: מאנטשעסטער
粵語: 曼徹斯特
Zazaki: Manchester
Zeêuws: Manchester
中文: 曼彻斯特