Manatee

Manatees
FL fig04.jpg
Antillean manatee
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Sirenia
Family:Trichechidae
Gill 1872
Genus:Trichechus
Linnaeus 1758
Species
Synonyms
  • Halipaedisca Gistel 1848
  • Manatus Brunnich 1772
  • Neodermus Rafinesque 1815
  • Oxystomus Fischer von Waldheim 1803

Manatees (family Trichechidae, genus Trichechus) are large, fully aquatic, mostly herbivorous marine mammals sometimes known as sea cows. There are three accepted living species of Trichechidae, representing three of the four living species in the order Sirenia: the Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis), the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus), and the West African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis). They measure up to 4.0 metres (13.1 ft) long, weigh as much as 590 kilograms (1,300 lb),[2] and have paddle-like flippers. The etymology of the name is dubious, with connections having been made to Latin "manus" (hand), and to a word sometimes cited as "manati" used by the Taíno, a pre-Columbian people of the Caribbean, meaning "breast".[3] Manatees are occasionally called sea cows, as they are slow plant-eaters, peaceful and similar to cows on land. They often graze on water plants in tropical seas.[4]

Taxonomy

Manatees are three of the four living species in the order Sirenia. The fourth is the Eastern Hemisphere's dugong. The Sirenia are thought to have evolved from four-legged land mammals more than 60 million years ago, with the closest living relatives being the Proboscidea (elephants) and Hyracoidea (hyraxes).[5]

The Amazonian's hair color is brownish gray, and it has thick wrinkled skin, often with coarse hair, or "whiskers". Photos are rare; although very little is known about this species, scientists think it is similar to West Indian manatee.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Lamantyn
Alemannisch: Manati
Ænglisc: Sǣcū
العربية: خروف البحر
azərbaycanca: Lamantinlər
Bân-lâm-gú: Hái-gû
беларуская: Ламанціны
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Лямантыны
български: Ламантини
brezhoneg: Ejen-mor
català: Manatí
Cebuano: Trichechus
čeština: Kapustňák
Cymraeg: Morfuwch
dansk: Manater
Ελληνικά: Μανάτος
español: Trichechus
Esperanto: Manato
euskara: Trichechus
français: Lamantin
Frysk: Lamantinen
Gaeilge: Bó mhara
galego: Manatí
한국어: 매너티
հայերեն: Լամանտիններ
हिन्दी: मैनाटी
hrvatski: Lamantini
Bahasa Indonesia: Lembu laut
íslenska: Sækýr
italiano: Trichechus
עברית: תחש נהרות
Jawa: Manatee
қазақша: Ламантиндер
Latina: Manatus
latviešu: Lamantīni
Lëtzebuergesch: Ronnschwanzséikéi
lietuvių: Lamantinai
Lingua Franca Nova: Manati
la .lojban.: trixexo
magyar: Trichechus
Malti: Lamantin
Bahasa Melayu: Manati
Nāhuatl: Tlacamichin
Nederlands: Lamantijnen
日本語: マナティー
Napulitano: Lamantino
norsk: Manater
norsk nynorsk: Manatar
occitan: Trichechidae
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Lamantinlar
پنجابی: سمندری گاں
polski: Manatowate
português: Peixe-boi
română: Lamantin
Runa Simi: Manati
русский: Ламантины
Scots: Manatee
shqip: Lamantina
sicilianu: Lamantinu
Simple English: Manatee
slovenčina: Lamantínovité
српски / srpski: Ламантини
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lamantini
suomi: Manaatit
svenska: Manater
Tagalog: Manati
தமிழ்: கடற்பசு
татарча/tatarça: Lamantin
Türkçe: Manatigiller
українська: Ламантинові
Tiếng Việt: Lợn biển
Winaray: Trichechus
吴语: 海牛
粵語: 海牛
中文: 海牛屬