Makassar people

Makassar people
Tu Mangkasara'
ᨈᨕᨘ ᨆᨀᨔᨑ
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Djongos Makassar Zuid-Celebes 1913 TMnr 10013740.jpg
A Makassar man, 1913.
Total population
2–3 million
Regions with significant populations
 Indonesia (2010 census)2,672,590[1]
        Coat of arms of South Sulawesi.svg South Sulawesi2,380,208
        Coat of arms of Southeast Sulawesi.svg Southeast Sulawesi59,301
        Coat of arms of Papua.svg Papua41,239
        Coat of arms of East Kalimantan.svg East Kalimantan31,701
        Coat of arms of Jakarta.svg DKI Jakarta29,444
        Coat of arms of West Sulawesi.png West Sulawesi25,367
Languages
Makassarese, Makassar Malay, Indonesian
Religion
Predominately Islam, very few adherents of Animism, Shamanism, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Bugis, Mandar, Toraja

The Makassar people (also Makassarese) are an ethnic group that inhabits the southern part of the South Peninsula, Sulawesi (formerly Celebes) in Indonesia. They live around Makassar, the capital city of the province of South Sulawesi, as well as the Konjo highlands, the coastal areas, and the Selayar and Spermonde islands. They speak Makassarese, which is closely related to Buginese and also a Malay creole called Makassar Malay.

Lifestyle

The main source of income of the Makassar is rice farming; however, they are also famous throughout Indonesia for their skill in trading and as fishermen.

Labor division is strict because of the rigid separation of the sexes, as in all traditional Muslim communities. Men are engaged in matters outside the house such as farming, fishing, etc. Women are usually responsible for the household duties, while the man is the head of the family. While they are in public, respect should be shown to him by the wife and children. Usually the final decisions concerning the family are made by the husband. In rural areas, arranged marriage is still widely practiced.

Polygamy is accepted by the Makassar people, but, since a separate house must be provided for each wife, it is only practiced among the wealthy people.

Siri (respect and honor) is the social code by which the Makassar live. Anyone seriously offending another person's siri carries the risk of being killed, in which case authorities often refuse to intervene. The Makassar often help their neighbors in matters such as working in the rice fields and building houses.

Other Languages
العربية: ماكاساريون
беларуская: Макасарцы
Deutsch: Makassaren
հայերեն: Մակասարներ
Bahasa Indonesia: Suku Makassar
ქართული: მაკასარები
Bahasa Melayu: Suku Makassar
polski: Makasarczycy
русский: Макасары
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Makasari
українська: Макасари
Tiếng Việt: Người Makassar
中文: 望加錫人