Maebashi

Maebashi

前橋市
A view of Maebashi with Mt. Akagi, from the top of the Prefectural Government building
A view of Maebashi with Mt. Akagi, from the top of the Prefectural Government building
Flag of Maebashi
Flag
Official seal of Maebashi
Seal
Location of Maebashi in Gunma Prefecture
Location of Maebashi in Gunma Prefecture
Maebashi is located in Japan
Maebashi
Maebashi
 
Coordinates: 36°23′22.2″N 139°3′48.3″E / 36°23′22.2″N 139°3′48.3″E / 36.389500; 139.063417
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureGunma Prefecture
Government
 • MayorRyu Yamamoto (since February 2012)
Area
 • Total311.59 km2 (120.31 sq mi)
Population
(May 2015)
 • Total339,701
 • Density1,081/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeGinkgo & Zelkova
- FlowerRose & www.city.maebashi.gunma.jp
Maebashi City Hall

Maebashi (前橋市, Maebashi-shi) is a city located in Gunma Prefecture, in the northern Kantō region of Japan. It is the capital city of Gunma Prefecture.[1]

The surrounding cities comprise an urban zone of over 1 million people, separated by farmland to the south from the built up areas of Greater Tokyo.

As of May 2015, the city had an estimated population of 339,701 and a population density of 1081 persons per km2. Its total area is 311.59 km2.[2] It was the most populous city within Gunma Prefecture until Takasaki merged with nearby towns between 2006 and 2009.[3]

Maebashi is known to be the "City of Water, Greenery and Poets" because of its pure waters, its rich nature and because it gave birth to several Japanese contemporary poets, such as Sakutarō Hagiwara.[4]

Geography

Maebashi is located at the foot of Mount Akagi in the northeast corner of the Kantō Plain. It is also surrounded by Mount Haruna and Mount Myōgi. Two rivers run through the city: the Tone River, Japan's second-longest, and the Hirose River.

Maebashi is the farthest from the sea (about 120 km) of all Japanese prefectural capitals.

Surrounding municipalities

Climate

Maebashi has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). In the winter, the "karakaze", or "dry wind" blows through Maebashi from the north. This is due to the snow clouds coming from the Sea of Japan being blocked by the Echigo Mountain Range between Gunma and Niigata Prefectures. Because of this, the city has a dry winter and is one of the sunniest places in Japan at over 2,210 hours of sunshine per year.[5] In the summer, it is hot since the location is inland, although less hot than coastal Tokyo on average. On July 24, 2001, Maebashi hit 40 °C (104 °F), the fifth-hottest temperature ever in Japan.

Climate data for Maebashi, Gunma (1897~2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
24.6
(76.3)
27.1
(80.8)
32.4
(90.3)
36.5
(97.7)
38.3
(100.9)
40.0
(104)
39.1
(102.4)
38.1
(100.6)
33.0
(91.4)
26.6
(79.9)
23.5
(74.3)
40.0
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
8.9
(48)
12.1
(53.8)
18.0
(64.4)
22.4
(72.3)
25.4
(77.7)
28.9
(84)
30.1
(86.2)
25.9
(78.6)
20.7
(69.3)
15.8
(60.4)
11.0
(51.8)
19.0
(66.2)
Average low °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
1.5
(34.7)
7.1
(44.8)
11.7
(53.1)
16.6
(61.9)
20.9
(69.6)
21.8
(71.2)
18.0
(64.4)
11.5
(52.7)
5.7
(42.3)
0.8
(33.4)
9.4
(48.9)
Record low °C (°F) −11.8
(10.8)
−9
(16)
−7.8
(18)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.3
(32.5)
6.0
(42.8)
11.9
(53.4)
13.6
(56.5)
8.4
(47.1)
0.6
(33.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
−7.4
(18.7)
−11.8
(10.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 24.3
(0.957)
34.1
(1.343)
54.1
(2.13)
79.5
(3.13)
103.1
(4.059)
161.5
(6.358)
189.7
(7.469)
190.9
(7.516)
204.1
(8.035)
121.5
(4.783)
46.2
(1.819)
24.1
(0.949)
1,233.1
(48.548)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 6.5
(2.56)
7.9
(3.11)
4.5
(1.77)
0.5
(0.2)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.9
(0.35)
20.3
(7.99)
Average relative humidity (%) 57.0 56.2 56.6 61.7 67.7 75.2 79.3 78.9 79.4 73.4 65.6 59.8 67.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 214.6 198.2 218.1 203.7 206.0 148.8 157.7 185.3 136.3 163.4 184.0 204.4 2,220.5
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[6]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[7]
Other Languages
العربية: مايه-باشي
azərbaycanca: Maebaşi
Bân-lâm-gú: Maebasi-chhī
български: Маебаши
català: Maebashi
Cebuano: Maebashi Shi
čeština: Maebaši
chiTumbuka: Maebashi
Deutsch: Maebashi
eesti: Maebashi
español: Maebashi
Esperanto: Maebaŝi
euskara: Maebashi
français: Maebashi
Gaeilge: Maebashi
galego: Maebashi
한국어: 마에바시시
Bahasa Indonesia: Maebashi, Gunma
italiano: Maebashi
עברית: מאבאשי
Kiswahili: Maebashi, Gunma
Lëtzebuergesch: Maebashi
lietuvių: Maebašis
Bahasa Melayu: Maebashi
Nederlands: Maebashi
日本語: 前橋市
norsk: Maebashi
polski: Maebashi
português: Maebashi
română: Maebashi
русский: Маэбаси
Scots: Maebashi
Simple English: Maebashi, Gunma
српски / srpski: Маебаши
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Maebasi
suomi: Maebashi
svenska: Maebashi
тоҷикӣ: Маебаши
Türkçe: Maebashi
українська: Маебасі
اردو: مایباشی
Tiếng Việt: Maebashi
文言: 前橋市
Winaray: Maebashi
粵語: 前橋
中文: 前橋市