The Madre de Dios River (Spanish pronunciation:
[ˈmaðɾe ðe ðjos]), homonymous to the
region it runs through, flows into the
Beni River in
Bolivia, which then turns northward into Brazil, where it joins with the
Mamore River to become the
Madeira River. The Madeira is a tributary to the
The Madre de Dios is an important waterway for the department of
Madre de Dios, particularly
Puerto Maldonado, the largest town in the area, and the capital of the department.
Mango farming and gold mining are among the many industries on its beaches. Other important industries the Madre de Dios provides are selective
logging and farming, both of which are serious environmental problems. Along the length of the river there are several national parks and reserves, notably
Tambopata-Candamo National Park,
Manú National Park (also known as Manú
Biosphere Reserve) and
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park.