Macau

Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區 (Chinese)
Jūng'wàh Yàhnmàhn Guhng'wòhgwok Oumún Dahkbiht Hàhngjingkēui  (Cantonese)
Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China  (Portuguese)
Anthem: 
City flower
Location of Macau within China
Location of Macau within China
StatusSpecial administrative region
Official languages
Official scripts
Ethnic groups (2014)
DemonymMacanese
GovernmentDevolved parliamentary multi-party system within socialist republic
Fernando Chui
Sonia Chan
Lionel Leong
Wong Sio Chak
Ho Iat Seng
Sam Hou Fai
National representation
12 deputies (of 2,924)[2]
29 delegates (of 2,158)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
Autonomy within the People's Republic of China
1557
1 December 1887
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
115.3 km2 (44.5 sq mi)
• Water (%)
73.7
Population
• 2016 census
650,900[3]
• Density
21,411/km2 (55,454.2/sq mi) (1st)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$65,732 billion (103rd)
• Per capita
$114,430 (2nd)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$44.803 billion (83rd)
• Per capita
$77,451 (3rd)
HDI (2015)Increase 0.905c
very high · 17th
CurrencyMacanese pataca (MOP)
Time zoneMacau Standard Time (UTC+8)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
yyyy年mm月dd日
Drives on theleft
Calling code+853
ISO 3166 codeMO
Internet TLD
Website
gov.mo
  1. ^ Cantonese is the de facto standard.
  2. ^ For all government use, documents written using Traditional Chinese characters are authoritative over ones inscribed with Simplified Chinese characters. Portuguese shares equal status with Chinese in all official proceedings.
  3. ^ The UN does not calculate the HDI of Macau. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI.[4]
Macau
Macau (Chinese characters).svg
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese澳門
Simplified Chinese澳门
Literal meaningBay Gate
Macao Special Administrative Region
Traditional Chinese澳門特別行政區 (or 澳門特區)
Simplified Chinese澳门特别行政区 (or 澳门特区)
Portuguese name
PortugueseRegião Administrativa Especial de Macau
(for "Macau Special Administrative Region")
pronounced [ʁɨʒiˈɐ̃w̃ ɐdminiʃtɾɐˈtivɐ (ɨ)ʃpɨsiˈaɫ dɨ mɐˈkaw]

Macau (Chinese: 澳門, Cantonese: [ōu.mǔːn], / (About this sound listen); Portuguese: Macau), officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia. Macau is bordered by the city of Zhuhai in mainland China to the north and the Pearl River Delta to the east and south. Hong Kong lies about 64 kilometres (40 mi) to its east across the Delta.[5] With a population of 650,900[3] living in an area of 30.5 km2 (11.8 sq mi), it is the most densely populated region in the world. A former Portuguese colony, it was returned to Chinese sovereignty on 20 December 1999.

Macau was administered by the Portuguese Empire and its inheritor states from the mid-16th century until late 1999, when it constituted the last remaining European colony in Asia.[6][7] Portuguese traders first settled in Macau in the 1550s. In 1557, Macau was leased to Portugal from Ming China as a trading port. The Portuguese Empire administered the city under Chinese authority and sovereignty until 1887, when Macau became a colony through an agreement forced by Portugal after instability in China. Sovereignty over Macau was transferred back to China on 20 December 1999. The Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau and Macau Basic Law stipulate that Macau operate with a high degree of autonomy until at least 2049, fifty years after the transfer.[8]

Under the policy of "one country, two systems", the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China is responsible for military defense and foreign affairs while Macau maintains its own legal system, public security force, monetary system, customs policy and immigration policy. Macau participates in international organizations and events that do not require members to possess national sovereignty.[8][9]

Macau is a resort city in Southern China, known for its casinos and luxury hotels. Its gambling revenue has been the world's largest since 2006,[10] with the economy heavily dependent on gambling and tourism. According to The World Factbook, Macau has the fourth highest life expectancy in the world.[11] Moreover, it has a very high Human Development Index, ranking 17th in the world as of 2016.[12] Macau is among the world's richest regions and its GDP per capita by purchasing power parity was higher than that of any country in the world, according to the World Bank.[13]

It is known as the pre-eminent gambling capital of the world, dwarfing other gambling centers.[14][15][16]

Etymology

The present Chinese name (Chinese: 澳門; pinyin: Àomén; Cantonese Yale: Oumún) means "Bay Outlet". Macao is otherwise known in Chinese as Haojing (濠鏡, literally "Moat Mirror") or Jinghai (鏡海, literally "Mirror Sea").[17] The name Macao is thought to be derived from the A-Ma Temple (Chinese: 媽閣廟; pinyin: Māgé Miào; Cantonese Yale: Māgok Miuh), a temple built in 1448 dedicated to Mazu, the goddess of seafarers and fishermen.[18] More precisely, the name Macao corresponds to the Chinese name "媽港" (pinyin: Māgǎng), meaning "Mazu Harbor", and referring to the waters adjacent to the Ama Temple.[19]

Other Languages
Acèh: Makèë
Afrikaans: Macau
አማርኛ: ማካው
العربية: ماكاو
aragonés: Macau
অসমীয়া: মাকাও
asturianu: Macáu
azərbaycanca: Makao
تۆرکجه: ماکائو
বাংলা: মাকাও
Bân-lâm-gú: Ò-mn̂g
беларуская: Макаа
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Макао
Bikol Central: Macau
български: Макао
Boarisch: Macao
bosanski: Makao
brezhoneg: Makao
català: Macau
Чӑвашла: Макао
Cebuano: Macau
čeština: Macao
corsu: Macau
Cymraeg: Macau
dansk: Macao
Deutsch: Macau
ދިވެހިބަސް: މަކާއޫ
eesti: Macau
Ελληνικά: Μακάου
español: Macao
Esperanto: Makao
estremeñu: Macau
euskara: Macao
eʋegbe: Macau
فارسی: ماکائو
Fiji Hindi: Macau
føroyskt: Makao
français: Macao
Frysk: Makau
Gaeilge: Macau
Gagauz: Makao
Gàidhlig: Macau
galego: Macau
贛語: 澳門
Gĩkũyũ: Macau
ગુજરાતી: મકાઉ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Au-mùn
한국어: 마카오
Hausa: Macau
Հայերեն: Մակաո
हिन्दी: मकाउ
hrvatski: Makao
Ido: Makau
Ilokano: Macau
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মাকাউ
Bahasa Indonesia: Makau
interlingua: Macao
Ирон: Макао
íslenska: Makaó
italiano: Macao
עברית: מקאו
Basa Jawa: Makau
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮಕಾವು
Kapampangan: Macau
ქართული: მაკაო
қазақша: Макао
Kinyarwanda: Makawo
Kiswahili: Macau
Кыргызча: Макао
Ladino: Makao
лезги: Макао
لۊری شومالی: ماکائو
Latina: Macaum
latviešu: Makao
Lëtzebuergesch: Macau
lietuvių: Makao
Ligure: Macao
Limburgs: Macau
lingála: Makau
magyar: Makaó
मैथिली: मकाउ
македонски: Макао
മലയാളം: മകൗ
मराठी: मकाओ
მარგალური: მაკაო
مصرى: ماكاو
مازِرونی: ماکائو
Bahasa Melayu: Makau
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ó̤-muòng
Mirandés: Macau
монгол: Макао
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မကာအို
Nederlands: Macau
नेपाली: मकाउ
日本語: マカオ
нохчийн: Макао
norsk: Macao
norsk nynorsk: Macao
Novial: Makau
occitan: Macau
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Makao
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਕਾਉ
پنجابی: مکاؤ
Patois: Makow
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ម៉ាកាវ
Picard: Macao
polski: Makau
português: Macau
Qaraqalpaqsha: Makao
română: Macao
Runa Simi: Macau
русский: Макао
Scots: Macau
shqip: Makao
sicilianu: Macau
සිංහල: මකාවෝ
Simple English: Macau
slovenčina: Macao
slovenščina: Macau
ślůnski: Makau
Soomaaliga: Makaw
کوردی: ماکاو
српски / srpski: Макао
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Makao
Basa Sunda: Makau
suomi: Macao
svenska: Macao
Tagalog: Macau
தமிழ்: மக்காவு
తెలుగు: మకావు
tetun: Makau
тоҷикӣ: Аомин
Türkçe: Makao
Türkmençe: Makao
українська: Аоминь
اردو: مکاؤ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئاۋمېن
Vahcuengh: Aumwnz
Tiếng Việt: Ma Cao
文言: 澳門
Winaray: Macau
Wolof: Makaaw
吴语: 澳门
Yorùbá: Màkáù
粵語: 澳門
中文: 澳門
डोटेली: मकाउ
Kabɩyɛ: Makaʊ
Lingua Franca Nova: Macau