Mōri clan

Mōri clan
毛利氏
Alex K Hiroshima Mori (color).svg
Mōri clan (mon)
Home provinceSagami
Aki
Parent houseImperial Seal of Japan.svg Imperial House of Japan
Japanese Crest Nagato mitu Hosi.svg Ōe clan (大江氏)
Titlesvarious
FounderMōri Suemitsu (毛利季光)
Final rulerMōri Takachika (毛利敬親)
Current headMōri Motoyoshi (毛利元敬)
Founding year13th century (first half)
Ruled until1868 (Meiji Restoration)

The Mōri clan (毛利氏 Mōri-shi) was a Japanese samurai clan descended from Ōe no Hiromoto. The family's most illustrious member, Mōri Motonari, greatly expanded the clan's power in Aki Province. During the Edo period his descendants became daimyō of the Chōshū Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. After the Meiji Restoration with the abolition of the han system and daimyō, the Mōri clan became part of the new nobility.[1]

Origins

The founder of the clan, Mōri Suemitsu, was the fourth son of Ōe no Hiromoto. He founded the clan when he took the name from his shōen named "Mōri" in Aikō District, Sagami Province.[2] After the Jōkyū War, Suemitsu was appointed to the jitō office of a shōen in Aki Province. He was defeated by Hōjō Tokiyori in 1247 and committed suicide (seppuku) at Minamoto no Yoritomo's shrine (hokkedō) along with his Miura clan allies.[3] The genealogy of the Mori clan is well verified because it matches up from several different sources such as the Mōri Family Tree (毛利系図), Sonpi Bunmyaku and Ōe Family Tree (大江氏系図).[4]

According to the Sonpi Bunmyaku (尊卑分脈) from the late 14th century:[5]

Ōe no Hiromoto (大江広元, 1148–1225)
  ┃
Mōri Suemitsu (毛利季光, 1202–1247)
  ┃
Mōri Tsunemitsu (毛利経光, ? – ? )
  ┃
Mōri Tokichika (毛利時親, ? –1341)
  ┃
Mōri Sadachika (毛利貞親, ? –1351)
  ┃
Mōri Chikahira (毛利親衡, ? –1375), moved the family to Aki Province.
  ┃
Mōri Motoharu (毛利元春, 1323– ? )
Other Languages
Deutsch: Mōri (Klan)
español: Clan Mōri
français: Clan Mōri
italiano: Clan Mōri
lietuvių: Morio klanas
日本語: 毛利氏
polski: Ród Mōri
português: Clã Mōri
русский: Мори (род)
Türkçe: Mōri boyu
українська: Рід Морі
中文: 毛利氏