Lyric poetry

Lyric poetry is a formal type of poetry which expresses personal emotions or feelings, typically spoken in the first person.[1] The term derives from a form of Ancient Greek literature, the lyric, which was defined by its musical accompaniment, usually on a stringed instrument known as a lyre.[2] The term owes its importance in literary theory to the division developed by Aristotle between three broad categories of poetry: lyrical, dramatic, and epic.

Meters

Much lyric poetry depends on regular meter based either on number of syllables or on stress. The most common meters are as follows:

  • Iambic – two syllables, with the short or unstressed syllable followed by the long or stressed syllable.
  • Trochaic – two syllables, with the long or stressed syllable followed by the short or unstressed syllable. In English, this metre is found almost entirely in lyric poetry.[3]
  • Pyrrhic – Two unstressed syllables
  • Anapestic – three syllables, with the first two short or unstressed and the last long or stressed.
  • Dactylic – three syllables, with the first one long or stressed and the other two short or unstressed.
  • Spondaic – two syllables, with two successive long or stressed syllables.

Some forms have a combination of meters, often using a different meter for the refrain.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Liriek
Alemannisch: Lyrik
العربية: شعر غنائي
azərbaycanca: Lirik növ
беларуская: Лірыка
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Лірыка
български: Лирика
Boarisch: Lyrik
bosanski: Lirska pjesma
čeština: Lyrická poezie
Cymraeg: Telyneg
dansk: Lyrik
Deutsch: Lyrik
eesti: Lüürika
Ελληνικά: Λυρική ποίηση
español: Poesía lírica
Esperanto: Liriko
euskara: Lirika
فارسی: شعر غنایی
Frysk: Lyryk
한국어: 서정시
Արեւմտահայերէն: Քնարերգական Սեռ
hrvatski: Lirika
Ido: Liriko
Bahasa Indonesia: Sajak lira
italiano: Poesia lirica
ქართული: ლირიკა
қазақша: Лирика
Кыргызча: Лирика
Lëtzebuergesch: Lyrik
lietuvių: Lyrika
македонски: Лирика
Nederlands: Lyriek
日本語: 抒情詩
norsk: Lyrikk
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Lirika
Plattdüütsch: Lyrik
polski: Liryka
português: Poesia lírica
română: Genul liric
русиньскый: Лирика
русский: Лирика
Simple English: Lyric poetry
slovenčina: Lyrika
slovenščina: Lirika
српски / srpski: Lirika
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lirika
svenska: Lyrik
Türkçe: Lirik şiir
українська: Лірика
žemaitėška: Līrėka
中文: 抒情诗