Lynx (constellation)

Lynx
Constellation
Lynx
Abbreviation Lyn
Genitive Lyncis
Pronunciation s/,
genitive s/
Symbolism the Lynx
Right ascension 8
Declination +45
Quadrant NQ2
Area 545 sq. deg. ( 28th)
Main stars 4
Bayer/ Flamsteed
stars
42
Stars with planets 6
Stars brighter than 3.00m 0
Stars within 10.00 pc (32.62 ly) 1
Brightest star α Lyn (3.14 m)
Messier objects 0
Meteor showers Alpha Lyncids
September Lyncids
Bordering
constellations
Ursa Major
Camelopardalis
Auriga
Gemini
Cancer
Leo (corner)
Leo Minor
Visible at latitudes between + 90° and − 55°.
Best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the month of March.

Lynx is a constellation named after the animal, usually observed in the northern sky. The constellation was introduced in the late 17th century by Johannes Hevelius. It is a faint constellation, with its brightest stars forming a zigzag line. The orange giant Alpha Lyncis is the brightest star in the constellation, and the semiregular variable star Y Lyncis is a target for amateur astronomers. Six star systems have been found to contain planets. Those of 6 Lyncis and HD 75898 were discovered by the Doppler method; those of XO-2, XO-4, XO-5 and WASP-13 were observed as they passed in front of the host star.

Within the constellation's borders lie NGC 2419, an unusually remote globular cluster; the galaxy NGC 2770, which has hosted three recent Type Ib supernovae; the distant quasar APM 08279+5255, whose light is magnified and split into multiple images by the gravitational lensing effect of a foreground galaxy; and the Lynx Supercluster, which was the most distant supercluster known at the time of its discovery in 1999.

History

Depictions on star charts
An old drawing depicting a lynx overlaying a chart of stars
Earliest depiction of Lynx, in 1690
An old drawing depicting a lynx and telescope overlaying a chart of stars
Illustration from Urania's Mirror (1825). The obsolete constellation Telescopium Herschelii is to its right.

Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius formed the constellation in 1687 from 19 faint stars between the constellations Ursa Major and Auriga that earlier had been part of the obsolete constellation Jordanus Fluvius. Naming it Lynx because of its faintness, he challenged future stargazers to see it, declaring that only the lynx-eyed (those with good sight) would have been able to recognize it. Hevelius used the name Tigris (Tiger) in his catalogue as well, but kept the former name only in his atlas. English astronomer John Flamsteed adopted the constellation in his catalogue, published in 1712, and his subsequent atlas. [1] According to 19th-century amateur astronomer Richard Hinckley Allen, the chief stars in Lynx "might well have been utilized by the modern constructor, whoever he was, of our Ursa Major to complete the quartette of feet." [2]

Other Languages
العربية: الوشق (كوكبة)
azərbaycanca: Vaşaq (bürc)
Bân-lâm-gú: Soaⁿ-niau-chō
беларуская: Рысь (сузор’е)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рысь (сузор’е)
български: Рис (съзвездие)
brezhoneg: Liñs (steredeg)
čeština: Souhvězdí Rysa
Cymraeg: Lynx (cytser)
dansk: Lossen
Gaeilge: An Lincse
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Thiên-meu-chho
한국어: 살쾡이자리
Bahasa Indonesia: Lynx (rasi bintang)
íslenska: Gaupan
Lëtzebuergesch: Lynx (Stärebild)
македонски: Рис (соѕвездие)
Bahasa Melayu: Links (buruj)
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Tiĕng-mà-cô̤
မြန်မာဘာသာ: လိုင် (ကြယ်စုတန်း)
日本語: やまねこ座
norsk: Gaupen
norsk nynorsk: Gaupa
Plattdüütsch: Loss (Steernbild)
Simple English: Lynx (constellation)
slovenčina: Rys (súhvezdie)
slovenščina: Ris (ozvezdje)
српски / srpski: Рис (сазвежђе)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ris (zviježđe)
svenska: Lodjuret
українська: Рись (сузір'я)
اردو: وشق
Tiếng Việt: Thiên Miêu
粵語: 天貓座
中文: 天猫座