The lyceum is a category of educational institution defined within the education system of many countries, mainly in Europe. The definition varies among countries; usually it is a type of secondary school.[1]


Lyceum is a Latin rendering of the Ancient Greek Λύκειον (Lykeion), the name of a gymnasium in Classical Athens dedicated to Apollo Lyceus. This original lyceum is remembered as the location of the peripatetic school of Aristotle. Some countries derive the name for their modern schools from the Latin but use the Greek name for the ancient school: for example, Dutch has Lykeion (ancient) and Lyceum (modern), both rendered "lyceum" in English (note that in classical Latin the "C" in lyceum was always pronounced as a K, not a soft C, as in modern English).

The name Lycée was retrieved and utilized by Napoleon in 1802 to name the main secondary education establishments. From France the name spread in many countries influenced by French culture.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Lisey
български: Лицей
brezhoneg: Lise (skol)
čeština: Lyceum
dansk: Lyceum
eesti: Lütseum
Ελληνικά: Λύκειο
español: Liceo
Esperanto: Liceo
français: Lycée
galego: Liceo
հայերեն: Լիցեյ
Bahasa Indonesia: Lyceum
қазақша: Лицей
Lëtzebuergesch: Lycée
magyar: Líceum
Nederlands: Lyceum
norsk: Lyceum
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Litsey
português: Liceu
română: Liceu
русский: Лицей
shqip: Liceu
slovenščina: Licej
svenska: Lykeion
тоҷикӣ: Литсей
українська: Ліцей