Lviv Oblast

Lviv Oblast
Львівська область
L’vivs’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Lviv Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Lviv Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Львівщина (Lvivshchyna)
Lviv in Ukraine.svg
Country Ukraine
Administrative centerLviv
Government
 • GovernorOleh Syniutka
 • ChairpersonPetro Kolodij
Area
 • Total21,833 km2 (8,430 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 17th
Population (2016)
 • TotalDecrease 2,534,174
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code+380-32
ISO 3166 codeUA-46
Raions20
Cities (total)44
• Regional cities9
Urban-type settlements34
Villages1849
FIPS 10-4www.loda.gov.ua

Lviv Oblast (Ukrainian: Львівська область, translit. L’vivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as L’vivshchyna, Ukrainian: Львівщина) is an oblast (province) in western Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Lviv. Population: 2,534,174 (2016 est.)[1].

History

The oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on December 4, 1939 following the Soviet invasion of Poland. The territory of the former Drohobych Oblast was incorporated into the Lviv Oblast in 1959.

The oblast's strategic position at the heart of central Europe and as the gateway to the Carpathians has caused it to change hands many times over the centuries. It was ruled variously by Great Moravia, Kievan Rus', Poland, was independent as the state of Galicia-Volhynia (circa 1200 to 1340), and then ruled by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1340 to 1772), the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1772 to 1918), West Ukrainian People's Republic and Poland (1919 to 1939), when it was part of the Lwów Voivodeship of the Second Republic of Poland. The region's historically dominant Ukrainian population declared the area to be a part of an independent West Ukrainian National Republic in November 1918 — June 1919, but this endured only briefly. Local autonomy was provided in international treaties but later on those were not honoured by the Polish government and the area experienced much ethnic tension between the Polish and Ukrainian population.

The region and its capital city take their name from the time of Galicia-Volhynia, when Daniel of Galicia, the King of Rus', founded Lviv; naming the city after his son, Leo. During this time, the general region around Lviv was known as Red Ruthenia (Cherven' Rus').

The region only became part of the Soviet Union under the terms of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact in 1939, when it was annexed to the Ukrainian SSR. It was occupied by Nazi Germany from 1941 to 1944, when almost all local Jews were killed, and remained in Soviet hands after World War II as was arranged during the Teheran and Yalta conferences. Local Poles were expelled and Ukrainians expelled from Poland arrived. Given its historical development, Lviv Oblast is one of the least Russified and Sovietized parts of Ukraine, with much of its Polish and Habsburg heritage still visible today.

The region is also notable for having declared independence from the central government during the 2014 Euromaidan protests.[2]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Lwif-oblast
العربية: لفيف أوبلاست
azərbaycanca: Lvov vilayəti
Bân-lâm-gú: Lviv séng
башҡортса: Львов өлкәһе
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Львоўская вобласьць
български: Лвовска област
bosanski: Lavovska oblast
Чӑвашла: Львов облаçĕ
čeština: Lvovská oblast
Deutsch: Oblast Lwiw
Esperanto: Lviva provinco
français: Oblast de Lviv
한국어: 리비우주
հայերեն: Լվովի մարզ
hornjoserbsce: Oblasć Lwów
hrvatski: Lavovska oblast
Bahasa Indonesia: Oblast Lviv
ქართული: ლვოვის ოლქი
لۊری شومالی: لویو
latviešu: Ļvovas apgabals
lietuvių: Lvovo sritis
македонски: Лавовска област
Bahasa Melayu: Oblast Lviv
монгол: Львов муж
Nederlands: Oblast Lviv
日本語: リヴィウ州
Nordfriisk: Ljwiw (Prowins)
norsk nynorsk: Lviv oblast
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Lvov viloyati
português: Oblast de Lviv
qırımtatarca: İlbav vilâyeti
română: Regiunea Liov
русиньскый: Львівска область
Simple English: Lviv Oblast
slovenčina: Ľvovská oblasť
српски / srpski: Лавовска област
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lavovska oblast
svenska: Lviv oblast
татарча/tatarça: Львов өлкәсе
Türkçe: Lviv Oblastı
українська: Львівська область
Tiếng Việt: Lviv (tỉnh)
Winaray: Lviv Oblast
中文: 利沃夫州