Luzon Island Red.png
Luzon mainland in red;
its associated islands in maroon
Luzon is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
LocationSoutheast Asia
Coordinates16°N 121°E / 16°N 121°E / 16; 121
Adjacent bodies of water
Major islands
Area109,965 km2 (42,458 sq mi)[1]
Area rank15th
Coastline3,249.6 km (2,019.21 mi)[1]
Highest elevation2,922 m (9,587 ft)
Highest pointMount Pulag
Largest settlementQuezon City (pop. 2,936,116 [2])
DemonymLuzonian (modern), Luzonese (contemporary), Luções (archaic)
Population53,336,134[a] (2015)[2]
Pop. density490 /km2 (1,270 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups

Luzon (n/ (About this soundlisten); Tagalog: [luˈson]) is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines. It is ranked 15th largest in the world by land area. Located in the northern region of the archipelago, it is the economic and political center of the nation, being home to the country's capital city, Manila, as well as Quezon City, the country's most populous city. With a population of 53 million as of 2015,[2] it is the fourth most populous island in the world (after Java, Honshu, and Great Britain), having about 53% of the country's total population.

Luzon may also refer to one of the three primary island groups in the country. As such, it includes the Luzon mainland, the Batanes and Babuyan groups of islands to the north, Polillo Islands to the east, and the outlying islands of Catanduanes, Marinduque, Masbate, Romblon, Mindoro and Palawan, among others, to the south.[3]


Bangkang Pinawa, ancient Philippine mortar and pestle.

The name Luzon is thought to derive from the Tagalog word lusong, which is a large wooden mortar used in dehusking rice.[4][5]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Luzon
العربية: لوزون
asturianu: Luzón
azərbaycanca: Luson adası
Bân-lâm-gú: Luzon
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Люсон
Bikol Central: Luzon
български: Лусон
བོད་ཡིག: ལུ་ཟོན།
bosanski: Luzon
brezhoneg: Luzon
català: Luzon
Cebuano: Luzon
čeština: Luzon
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Luzon
Cymraeg: Luzon
dansk: Luzon
Deutsch: Luzon
eesti: Luzon
Ελληνικά: Λουζόν
español: Luzón
Esperanto: Luzono
euskara: Luzon
فارسی: لوزون
Frysk: Luzon
Gàidhlig: Luzon
galego: Luzón
한국어: 루손섬
հայերեն: Լուսոն
हिन्दी: लूज़ोन
hrvatski: Luzon
Ilokano: Luzon
Bahasa Indonesia: Pulau Luzon
interlingua: Luzon
Interlingue: Luzón
íslenska: Lúson
italiano: Luzon
עברית: לוזון
Basa Jawa: Luzon
Kapampangan: Luzon
ქართული: ლუსონი
қазақша: Лусон
Кыргызча: Лусон аралы
кырык мары: Лусон
Latina: Luconia
latviešu: Lusona
lietuvių: Lusonas
magyar: Luzon
македонски: Лузон
മലയാളം: ലുസോൺ
मराठी: लुझान
Bahasa Melayu: Luzon
Nederlands: Luzon (eiland)
日本語: ルソン島
norsk: Luzon
norsk nynorsk: Luzon
occitan: Luçon
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Luson (orol)
Pangasinan: Luzon
polski: Luzon
português: Luzón (Filipinas)
română: Luzon
русский: Лусон
Scots: Luzon
Simple English: Luzon
slovenčina: Luzon
slovenščina: Luzon
српски / srpski: Лузон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Luzon
suomi: Luzon
svenska: Luzon
Tagalog: Luzon
தமிழ்: லூசோன்
Türkçe: Luzon
українська: Лусон
اردو: لوزون
Tiếng Việt: Luzon
文言: 呂宋島
Winaray: Luzon
粵語: 呂宋島
中文: 呂宋