Lulu (Lou Reed and Metallica album)

Lou Reed and Metallica - Lulu.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedOctober 31, 2011 (2011-10-31)
RecordedApril – June 2011
StudioMetallica's HQ (San Rafael, CA)
GenreAvant-garde metal[1], spoken word
Lou Reed chronology
Hudson River Wind Meditations
Metallica chronology
Death Magnetic
Beyond Magnetic
Singles from Lulu
  1. "The View"
    Released: September 27, 2011

Lulu is a collaboration album between rock singer-songwriter Lou Reed and heavy metal band Metallica. It was released on October 31, 2011 by Warner Bros. in the U.S. and Vertigo elsewhere. The album is the final full-length studio recording project that Reed was involved in before his death in October 2013.[2] It was recorded in San Rafael, California, during April to June 2011, after Reed had played with Metallica at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 25th Anniversary Concert which led to them wanting to collaborate. The lead single, titled "The View", was released on September 27, 2011.[3]

Conceptually, the album is based on the two "Lulu plays" by the German playwright Frank Wedekind (1864–1918). The majority of composition is centered on spoken word delivered by Reed over instrumentals composed by Metallica, with occasional backing vocals provided by Metallica lead vocalist James Hetfield. Reed wrote the majority of the lyrics. The album was released worldwide on October 31, 2011, and on November 1 in North America.[4] Upon its release, Lulu received mixed reviews from music critics, and an extremely negative response from many fans and several critics. According to several who knew him, David Bowie claimed Lulu was among Reed's best work or even his very best.


Reed and Metallica had both been on the bill in October 1997 for the eleventh of Neil Young's Bridge concerts.[5] The conception of the collaboration project began in 2009 when both Metallica and Lou Reed performed at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 25th Anniversary Concert.[4] After that performance, they began "kicking around the idea of making a record together,"[6] but did not start working together until two years later. In February 2011, Metallica guitarist Kirk Hammett announced that in May 2011 the group would start working on something that's "not 100 percent a Metallica record. It's a recording project, let's put it that way."[7] The project was revealed to be a collaboration with Lou Reed once the recording of the album had been completed in June 2011.[4]

The collaboration was originally intended to be Metallica re-recording various previously unreleased tracks Reed had written over the years.[8] Among these unreleased demos was a collection of songs composed for a play called Lulu—a theatrical production of two plays originally written by the German playwright Frank Wedekind.[9] Reed shared the demos of these songs with the members of Metallica to help bring the "piece to the next level,"[10] and the group provided "significant arrangement contributions" to the material.[11] David Fricke of Rolling Stone heard at least two of the songs from the project in June 2011—"Pumping Blood" and "Mistress Dread"—and described their sound as a "raging union of [Reed's] 1973 noir classic, Berlin, and Metallica's '86 crusher, Master of Puppets."[11] All tracks were made available for listening on the official Lou Reed & Metallica website before its release.[12] Reed stated that "Everything is cut live – us staring at each other, playing".[13] The recording was problematic at times, with Lars Ulrich admitting that at one point Lou Reed challenged him to a "street fight".[14]

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български: Лулу (албум)
čeština: Lulu (album)
Deutsch: Lulu (Album)
Ελληνικά: Lulu
español: Lulu (álbum)
français: Lulu (album)
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magyar: Lulu (album)
Nederlands: Lulu (album)
polski: Lulu (album)
русский: Lulu (альбом)
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українська: Lulu