Luis Fernández de Córdoba y Arce was a Spanish sailor and military man who was
Governor of Chile between May 1625 and December 1629.
A Spanish noble gentleman of
El Carpio, in the
Province of Cordova and member of an influential family, Luis Fernandez de Cordoba y Arce made his military career in the navy becoming a general of the Navy of the
Philippines. After that he was given a post, by his uncle the
Viceroy of Peru,
Diego Fernández de Córdoba, Marquis of Guadalcázar. He was made general of the
El Collo, one of the major naval bases in the Spanish
Pacific at the time.
When the Marquess of Guadalcázar, heard of the death of the Governor of Chile,
Pedro Osores de Ulloa, he decided to replace the temporary governor,
Francisco de Alava and Nureña. Nureña was the brother-in-law of the deceased Osores, designated by Osores during his final hours. In order to replace him the viceroy designated as temporary Governor his own nephew Luis Fernández de Córdoba y Arce, hoping that he would have occasion to display his military skills in the
War of Arauco. He was later confirmed in the position by king
Philip III of Spain.
From his arrival in
Chile, the governor was immediately in the most urgent situation with the
Butapichún making frequent incursions into Spanish territory north of the
Bio-Bio River. In order to contain him, the new governor divided the border into two districts; one under the command of its
Maestro de Campo
Alonso de Cordova y Figueroa, and the other run by his
Juan Fernandez Rebolledo. To each of these commanders he gave a well equipped force, so that as a mobile force it could be used in pursuing Butapichún. Despite these measures and some lucky blows against the natives, the
Malónes of Butapichún continued. He suffered some defeats with the worst being the
Battle of Las Cangrejeras.
He also suggested to the king, without success, the transfer of the
Real Audiencia of Chile from