this article uses spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is buñuel and the second or maternal family name is portolés.
luis buñuel portolés
(1900-02-22)22 february 1900
calanda, aragon, spain
29 july 1983(1983-07-29) (aged 83)
mexico city, mexico
spain (renounced in 1949)
mexico (since 1949)
university of madrid
jeanne rucar (m. 1934)
luis buñuel portolés (spanish pronunciation: [ˈlwis βuˈɲwel poɾtoˈles]; 22 february 1900 – 29 july 1983) was a spanish filmmaker, naturalised mexican in 1949, who worked in france, mexico and spain.
when buñuel died at age 83, his obituary in the new york times called him "an iconoclast, moralist, and revolutionary who was a leader of avant-gardesurrealism in his youth and a dominant international movie director half a century later". his first picture, un chien andalou—made in the silent era—was called "the most famous short film ever made" by critic roger ebert, and his last film, that obscure object of desire—made 48 years later—won him best director awards from the national board of review and the national society of film critics. writer octavio paz called buñuel's work "the marriage of the film image to the poetic image, creating a new reality...scandalous and subversive".
often associated with the surrealist movement of the 1920s, buñuel created films from the 1920s through the 1970s. his work spans two continents, three languages, and an array of genres, including experimental film, documentary, melodrama, satire, musical, erotica, comedy, romance, costume dramas, fantasy, crime film, adventure, and western. despite this variety, filmmaker john huston believed that, regardless of genre, a buñuel film is so distinctive as to be instantly recognizable, or, as ingmar bergman put it, "buñuel nearly always made buñuel films".
seven of buñuel's films are included in sight & sound's 2012 critics' poll of the top 250 films of all time. fifteen of his films are included in the they shoot pictures, don't they? list of the 1,000 greatest films of all time, for which he ranks second only to jean-luc godard, with sixteen, and he ranks number 13 on their list of the top 250 directors.
Luis Buñuel Portolés (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlwis βuˈɲwel poɾtoˈles]; 22 February 1900 – 29 July 1983) was a Spanish filmmaker, naturalised Mexican in 1949, who worked in France, Mexico and Spain.
Seven of Buñuel's films are included in Sight & Sound's 2012 critics' poll of the top 250 films of all time. Fifteen of his films are included in the They Shoot Pictures, Don't They? list of the 1,000 greatest films of all time, for which he ranks second only to Jean-Luc Godard, with sixteen, and he ranks number 13 on their list of the top 250 directors.