Luis Buñuel

  • luis buñuel
    luis buñuel.jpg
    buñuel, 1968
    born
    luis buñuel portolés

    (1900-02-22)22 february 1900
    calanda, aragon, spain
    died29 july 1983(1983-07-29) (aged 83)
    mexico city, mexico
    citizenship
    • spain (renounced in 1949)
    • mexico (since 1949)[1]
    alma materuniversity of madrid
    occupationfilmmaker
    years active1929–1977
    spouse(s)
    jeanne rucar (m. 1934)

    luis buñuel portolés (spanish pronunciation: [ˈlwis βuˈɲwel poɾtoˈles]; 22 february 1900 – 29 july 1983) was a spanish filmmaker, naturalised mexican in 1949,[1] who worked in france, mexico and spain.[2]

    when buñuel died at age 83, his obituary in the new york times called him "an iconoclast, moralist, and revolutionary who was a leader of avant-garde surrealism in his youth and a dominant international movie director half a century later".[3] his first picture, un chien andalou—made in the silent era—was called "the most famous short film ever made" by critic roger ebert,[4] and his last film, that obscure object of desire—made 48 years later—won him best director awards from the national board of review and the national society of film critics.[5] writer octavio paz called buñuel's work "the marriage of the film image to the poetic image, creating a new reality...scandalous and subversive".[6]

    often associated with the surrealist movement of the 1920s, buñuel created films from the 1920s through the 1970s. his work spans two continents, three languages, and an array of genres, including experimental film, documentary, melodrama, satire, musical, erotica, comedy, romance, costume dramas, fantasy, crime film, adventure, and western. despite this variety, filmmaker john huston believed that, regardless of genre, a buñuel film is so distinctive as to be instantly recognizable,[7] or, as ingmar bergman put it, "buñuel nearly always made buñuel films".[8]

    seven of buñuel's films are included in sight & sound's 2012 critics' poll of the top 250 films of all time.[9][10] fifteen of his films are included in the they shoot pictures, don't they? list of the 1,000 greatest films of all time, for which he ranks second only to jean-luc godard, with sixteen,[11] and he ranks number 13 on their list of the top 250 directors.[12]

  • early years
  • career
  • technique and influences
  • tributes
  • characterizations
  • awards
  • filmography
  • see also
  • notes
  • further reading
  • external links

Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel.JPG
Buñuel, 1968
Born
Luis Buñuel Portolés

(1900-02-22)22 February 1900
Calanda, Aragon, Spain
Died29 July 1983(1983-07-29) (aged 83)
Mexico City, Mexico
Citizenship
  • Spain (renounced in 1949)
  • Mexico (since 1949)[1]
Alma materUniversity of Madrid
OccupationFilmmaker
Years active1929–1977
Spouse(s)
Jeanne Rucar (m. 1934)

Luis Buñuel Portolés (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlwis βuˈɲwel poɾtoˈles]; 22 February 1900 – 29 July 1983) was a Spanish filmmaker, naturalised Mexican in 1949,[1] who worked in France, Mexico and Spain.[2]

When Buñuel died at age 83, his obituary in The New York Times called him "an iconoclast, moralist, and revolutionary who was a leader of avant-garde surrealism in his youth and a dominant international movie director half a century later".[3] His first picture, Un Chien Andalou—made in the silent era—was called "the most famous short film ever made" by critic Roger Ebert,[4] and his last film, That Obscure Object of Desire—made 48 years later—won him Best Director awards from the National Board of Review and the National Society of Film Critics.[5] Writer Octavio Paz called Buñuel's work "the marriage of the film image to the poetic image, creating a new reality...scandalous and subversive".[6]

Often associated with the surrealist movement of the 1920s, Buñuel created films from the 1920s through the 1970s. His work spans two continents, three languages, and an array of genres, including experimental film, documentary, melodrama, satire, musical, erotica, comedy, romance, costume dramas, fantasy, crime film, adventure, and western. Despite this variety, filmmaker John Huston believed that, regardless of genre, a Buñuel film is so distinctive as to be instantly recognizable,[7] or, as Ingmar Bergman put it, "Buñuel nearly always made Buñuel films".[8]

Seven of Buñuel's films are included in Sight & Sound's 2012 critics' poll of the top 250 films of all time.[9][10] Fifteen of his films are included in the They Shoot Pictures, Don't They? list of the 1,000 greatest films of all time, for which he ranks second only to Jean-Luc Godard, with sixteen,[11] and he ranks number 13 on their list of the top 250 directors.[12]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Luis Buñuel
العربية: لويس بونويل
aragonés: Luis Buñuel
asturianu: Luis Buñuel
azərbaycanca: Luis Bunyuel
беларуская: Луіс Буньюэль
български: Луис Бунюел
bosanski: Luis Buñuel
Чӑвашла: Луис Бунюэль
čeština: Luis Buñuel
Deutsch: Luis Buñuel
español: Luis Buñuel
Esperanto: Luis Buñuel
euskara: Luis Buñuel
français: Luis Buñuel
galego: Luis Buñuel
हिन्दी: लुई बुनुएल
hrvatski: Luis Buñuel
Bahasa Indonesia: Luis Buñuel
íslenska: Luis Buñuel
italiano: Luis Buñuel
latviešu: Luiss Bunjuels
Lëtzebuergesch: Luis Buñuel
lietuvių: Luis Buñuel
magyar: Luis Buñuel
македонски: Луис Буњел
Malagasy: Luis Buñuel
Nāhuatl: Luis Buñuel
Nederlands: Luis Buñuel
norsk nynorsk: Luis Buñuel
occitan: Luis Buñuel
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Luis Buñuel
polski: Luis Buñuel
português: Luis Buñuel
română: Luis Buñuel
Runa Simi: Luis Buñuel
русский: Бунюэль, Луис
sicilianu: Luis Buñuel
Simple English: Luis Buñuel
српски / srpski: Луис Буњуел
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Luis Buñuel
svenska: Luis Buñuel
Türkçe: Luis Buñuel
українська: Луїс Бунюель
Tiếng Việt: Luis Buñuel