Luhansk Oblast

Luhansk Oblast

Луганська область
Luhans’ka oblast’
Coat of arms of Luhansk Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Eastern gate of Ukraine,[1][2] dawn of Ukraine,[3][4][5] Luhanshchyna, Luhan'
Luhansk in Ukraine (claims hatched).svg
Coordinates: {48°55′N 39°01′E / 48°55′N 39°01′E / 109
Villages792
FIPS 10-4loga.gov.ua

Luhansk Oblast (Ukrainian: Луганська область, translit. Luhanśka oblastj, Russian: Луганская область, translit. Luganskaja oblastj; also referred to as Luhanshchyna, Ukrainian: Луганщина, romanizedLuhanščyna) is the easternmost oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center is Luhansk. The oblast was established in 1938 and bore the name Voroshilovgrad Oblast (until 1958 and again 1970 to 1990) in honor of Kliment Voroshilov. Its population is 2,239,500 (as of September 1, 2014).[8]

Important cities within the oblast include Alchevsk, Antratsyt, Brianka, Kirovsk, Krasnyi Luch, Krasnodon, Lysychansk, Luhansk, Pervomaisk, Rovenky, Rubizhne, Sverdlovsk, Sievierodonetsk, Stakhanov.

The War in Donbass caused the administrative center of the oblast to be relocated to Sievierodonetsk.[9]

Geography

Geographic map

Luhansk Oblast is located in eastern Ukraine. The area of the oblast (26,700 km²), comprises about 4.42% of the total area of the country.

Its longitude from north to south is 250 km, from east to west – 190 km. The oblast has the longest segment of the Ukrainian international border with Russia among other regions (see State Border of Ukraine) consisting of 746 km (464 mi). It borders the Belgorod and Voronezh Oblasts of Russia on the north, while the Rostov Oblast is located to the east and the south. Among Ukrainian regions, the oblast borders the Kharkiv and Donetsk Oblasts to its west.

The region is located in the valley of Siversky Donets which splits the region approximately in half. The southern portion of the region is elevated by the Donetsk Ridge which is located closer to the southern border. The highest point is Mohyla Mechetna (367 m (1,204 ft)) which is the highest point of Donetsk Ridge.

The left bank of Siversky Donets is part of the Starobilsk Plain which to the north transforms into the Central Russian Upland.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Loehansk-oblast
azərbaycanca: Luqansk vilayəti
Bân-lâm-gú: Lugansk séng
башҡортса: Луганск өлкәһе
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Луганская вобласьць
български: Луганска област
bosanski: Luganska oblast
čeština: Luhanská oblast
한국어: 루한스크주
hrvatski: Luganska oblast
Bahasa Indonesia: Oblast Luhansk
interlingua: Region Luhansk
لۊری شومالی: لوهانسک
lietuvių: Luhansko sritis
македонски: Луганска област
მარგალური: ლუგანსკიშ ოლქი
монгол: Луханск муж
Nederlands: Oblast Loehansk
Nordfriisk: Luhansjk (Prowins)
norsk nynorsk: Luhansk oblast
олык марий: Луганск вел
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Lugansk viloyati
português: Oblast de Lugansk
qırımtatarca: Lugansk vilâyeti
русиньскый: Луганьска область
Simple English: Luhansk Oblast
slovenčina: Luhanská oblasť
српски / srpski: Луганска област
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Luganska oblast
татарча/tatarça: Луганск өлкәсе
українська: Луганська область
Tiếng Việt: Luhansk (tỉnh)