Lucius Verus

Lucius Verus
Lucius Verus - MET - L.2007.26 cropped.jpg
Bust of Lucius Verus, Metropolitan Museum of Art
Emperor of the Roman Empire
Reign8 March 161 –  23 January 169
PredecessorAntoninus Pius
SuccessorMarcus Aurelius
Co-emperorMarcus Aurelius
Born15 December 130
Died23 January 169(169-01-23) (aged 38)[1]
  • Aurelia Lucilla (daughter, died young)
  • Lucius Aurelius Verus (son, died young)
  • Plautia (daughter, died young)
Full name
  • Lucius Ceionius Commodus (at birth)
  • Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus (from adoption)
Regnal name
Imperator Caesar Lucius Aurelius Verus Augustus
MotherAvidia Plautia
Roman imperial dynasties
Nerva–Antonine dynasty (AD 96–192)
Nerva 96–98
Trajan 98–117
Hadrian 117–138
Lucius Verus 161–169
Marcus Aurelius 161–180
Commodus 177–192
Preceded by
Flavian dynasty
Followed by
Year of the Five Emperors

Lucius Verus (s/; Latin: Lucius Aurelius Verus Augustus; 15 December 130 – 23 January 169 AD)[2] was the co-emperor of Rome with his adoptive brother Marcus Aurelius from 161 until his own death in 169. He was a member of the Nerva-Antonine dynasty. Verus' succession together with Marcus Aurelius marked the first time that the Roman Empire was ruled by multiple emperors, an increasingly common occurrence in the later history of the Empire.

The eldest son of Lucius Aelius Caesar, first adopted son and heir to Hadrian, Verus was born and educated in Rome where he held several political offices prior to taking the throne. After his biological father’s death in 138, he was adopted by Antoninus Pius, who was himself adopted by Hadrian. Hadrian died later that year, and Antoninus Pius succeeded to the throne.

Antoninus Pius ruled until 161 and was succeeded by Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius. The majority of Verus’s reign was occupied by his direction of the war with Parthia which ended in Roman victory and some territorial gains. After initial involvement in the Marcomannic Wars, he fell ill and died in 169. He was deified by the Roman Senate as the Divine Verus (Divus Verus).

Early life and career

Lucius Verus as a child
Bust of Antoninus Pius

Lucius Verus was the first-born son to Avidia Plautia and Lucius Aelius Caesar, the first adopted son and heir of Emperor Hadrian (76–138). He was born and raised in Rome. Verus had another brother, Gaius Avidius Ceionius Commodus, and two sisters, Ceionia Fabia and Ceionia Plautia. His maternal grandparents were the senator Gaius Avidius Nigrinus and the unattested noblewoman Ignota Plautia. Although Hadrian was his adoptive paternal grandfather, his biological paternal grandparents were the consul Lucius Ceionius Commodus and either Aelia or Fundania Plautia.

When his father died in early 138, Hadrian chose Antoninus Pius (86–161) as his successor. Antoninus was adopted by Hadrian on the condition that Verus and Hadrian’s great-nephew Marcus Aurelius be adopted by Antoninus as his sons and heirs. By this scheme, Verus, who was already Hadrian's adoptive grandson through his natural father, remained as such through his new father, Antoninus. The adoption of Marcus Aurelius was probably a suggestion of Antoninus himself, since Marcus was the nephew of Antoninus' wife.

Immediately after Hadrian's death, Antoninus approached Marcus and requested that his marriage arrangements be amended: Marcus' betrothal to Ceionia Fabia would be annulled, and he would be betrothed to Faustina, Antoninus' daughter, instead. Faustina's betrothal to Ceionia's brother Lucius Commodus would also have to be annulled. Marcus consented to Antoninus' proposal.[3]

As a prince and future emperor, Verus received careful education from the famous grammaticus Marcus Cornelius Fronto. He was reported to have been an excellent student, fond of writing poetry and delivering speeches. Verus started his political career as a quaestor in 153, became consul in 154, and in 161 was consul again with Marcus Aurelius as his senior partner.

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македонски: Луциј Вер
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Simple English: Lucius Verus
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slovenščina: Lucij Ver
српски / srpski: Луције Вер
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