Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, Duchess of Orléans

Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre
Duchess of Orléans
Portrait of Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon by Vigée Lebrun.jpg
Born13 March 1753
Hôtel de Toulouse, Paris, France
Died23 June 1821 (aged 68)
Château d'Ivry-sur-Seine, France
BurialChapelle royale de Dreux, Dreux, France
SpousePhilippe, Duke of Orléans
Issue
Detail
Louis Philippe I, King of the French
Antoine Philippe, Duke of Montpensier
Françoise d'Orléans
Adélaïde d'Orléans
Louis Charles, Count of Beaujolais
Full name
Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre
HouseBourbon
FatherLouis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre
MotherPrincess Maria Teresa of Modena
ReligionRoman Catholic

Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre, Duchess of Orléans (13 March 1753 – 23 June 1821), was the daughter of Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre and of Princess Maria Theresa Felicitas of Modena. At the death of her brother, Louis Alexandre de Bourbon-Penthièvre, prince de Lamballe, she became the wealthiest heiress in France prior to the French Revolution. She married Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, the "regicide" Philippe Égalité, and was the mother of France's last king, Louis Philippe I, King of the French. She was sister-in-law to the princesse de Lamballe, and was the last member of the Bourbon-Penthièvre family.

Biography

Marie-Adélaïde was born on 13 March 1753 at the Hôtel de Toulouse, the family residence in Paris since 1712, when her grandfather, Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, comte de Toulouse, bought it from Louis Phélypeaux de La Vrillière. Her mother died in childbirth the following year.[1] Styled Mademoiselle d'Ivoy[2] initially and, as a young girl, until her marriage, Mademoiselle de Penthièvre (derived from the duchy inherited by her father). The style of Mademoiselle de Penthièvre had been previously borne by her sister Marie Louise de Bourbon (1751–1753), who died six months after Marie-Adélaïde's birth.

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