Louise Brown

Louise Joy Brown
Born (1978-07-25) 25 July 1978 (age 40)
Oldham General Hospital, Oldham, England
Known forFirst in-vitro baby
Weight5 lb 12 oz (2.608 kg) at birth
Spouse(s)Wesley Mullinder (2004–present)
Children2 sons
FamilyLesley and John Brown (parents)
Natalie Brown (sister)

Louise Joy Brown (born 25 July 1978) is an English woman known for being the first human to have been born after conception by in vitro fertilisation, or IVF.

Birth and early life

Louise Joy Brown was born at Oldham General Hospital, Oldham, by planned Caesarean section delivered by registrar John Webster.[1] She weighed 5 pounds, 12 ounces (2.608 kg) at birth.[2] Her parents, Lesley and John Brown, had been trying to conceive for nine years. Lesley faced complications of blocked fallopian tubes.[2]

On 10 November 1977, Lesley Brown underwent a procedure, later to become known as in vitro fertilisation (IVF), developed by Patrick Steptoe, Robert Edwards and Jean Purdy. Purdy was the first to see her embryonic cells dividing.[3] Edwards, as the only surviving partner, was awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Medicine for this work.[4] Although the media referred to Brown as a "test tube baby",[5] her conception actually took place in a Petri dish. Her younger sister, Natalie Brown, was also conceived through IVF four years later, and became the world's fortieth child after conception by IVF. In May 1999, Natalie was the first human born after conception by IVF to give birth herself—without IVF.[2]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Louise Brown
العربية: لويز براون
беларуская: Луіза Браўн
català: Louise Brown
čeština: Louise Brownová
español: Louise Brown
Esperanto: Louise Brown
français: Louise Brown
galego: Louise Brown
italiano: Louise Brown
Lëtzebuergesch: Louise Brown
Nederlands: Louise Brown
polski: Louise Brown
português: Louise Brown
русский: Браун, Луиза
Simple English: Louise Brown
svenska: Louise Brown
Türkçe: Louise Brown
Tiếng Việt: Louise Brown