Louis VII of France

Louis VII
Louis VII denier Bourges 1137 1180.jpg
Effigy of Louis VII, denier, Bourges
King of the Franks
Senior king1 August 1137 – 18 September 1180
Coronation25 December 1137, Bourges
Junior king25 October 1131 – 1 August 1137
Coronation25 October 1131, Reims Cathedral
PredecessorLouis VI
SuccessorPhilip II
Born1120
Died18 September 1180 (aged 59–60)
Saint-Pont, Allier
BurialSaint Denis Basilica
Spouse
Eleanor of Aquitaine
(m. 1137; annulled 1152)

Constance of Castile
(m. 1154; died 1160)

Issue
Detail...
HouseCapet
FatherLouis VI of France
MotherAdélaide of Maurienne

Louis VII (1120 – 18 September 1180), called the Younger or the Young (French: le Jeune), was King of the Franks from 1137 to 1180, the sixth from the House of Capet. He was the son and successor of King Louis VI, hence his nickname, and married Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine, one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in western Europe. Eleanor came with the vast Duchy of Aquitaine as a dowry for Louis, thus temporarily extending the Capetian lands to the Pyrenees, but their marriage was annulled in 1152 after no male heir was produced.

Immediately after the annulment of her marriage, Eleanor married Henry Plantagenet, Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou, to whom she conveyed Aquitaine and produced five male heirs. When Henry became King of England in 1154, as Henry II, he ruled as king, duke or count over a large empire of kingdoms, duchies and counties that spanned from Scotland to the Pyrenees. Henry's efforts to preserve and expand on this patrimony for the Crown of England would mark the beginning of the long rivalry between France and England.

Louis VII's reign saw the founding of the University of Paris and the disastrous Second Crusade. Louis and his famous counselor, Abbot Suger, pushed for a greater centralization of the state and favoured the development of French Gothic architecture, notably the construction of Notre-Dame de Paris.

He died in 1180 and was succeeded by his son Philip II.

Early years

Louis was born in 1120 in Paris,[citation needed] the second son of Louis VI of France and Adelaide of Maurienne. The early education of Prince Louis anticipated an ecclesiastical career. As a result, he became well-learned and exceptionally devout, but his life course changed decisively after the accidental death of his older brother Philip in 1131, when he unexpectedly became the heir to the throne of France. In October 1131, his father had him anointed and crowned by Pope Innocent II in Reims Cathedral.[1][2] He spent much of his youth in Saint-Denis, where he built a friendship with the Abbot Suger, an advisor to his father who also served Louis well during his early years as king.

Other Languages
беларуская: Людовік VII Малады
български: Луи VII
eesti: Louis VII
فارسی: لوئی هفتم
한국어: 루이 7세
Bahasa Indonesia: Louis VII dari Perancis
ქართული: ლუი VII
latviešu: Luijs VII
македонски: Луј VII Младиот
русский: Людовик VII
Simple English: Louis VII of France
slovenščina: Ludvik VII. Francoski
српски / srpski: Луј VII
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Louis VII od Francuske
українська: Людовик VII Молодий
Tiếng Việt: Louis VII của Pháp