Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum

Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
The Grand Old Lady
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum logo.png
11-11-06-LA-Coliseum-USC-UO.jpg
November 2006 interior view
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Location in L.A. metro area
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is located in California
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Location in California
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is located in the United States
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Location in the United States
Address3911 South Figueroa Street
LocationLos Angeles, California, U.S.
Coordinates34°0′51″N 118°17′16″W / 34°0′51″N 118°17′16″W / 34.01417; -118.28778
Public transitLAMetroLogo.svg Expo Line  Expo Park/USC
Expo/Vermont
OwnerState of California, City of Los Angeles, County of Los Angeles
OperatorUniversity of Southern California
Capacity78,500
93,607 (pre-2018)
[1][2]
SurfaceBermuda grass
Construction
Broke groundDecember 21, 1921
OpenedMay 1, 1923
Renovated1930, 1964, 1977–78, 1983, 1993, 1995, 2011, 2017–2019
Construction costUS$954,872.98 (original)[3]($14 million in 2018 dollars[4])
$954,869 (renovations by USC in 2010)
($1.1 million in 2018 dollars[4])
$300 million (renovations by USC in 2018)[5][6]
ArchitectJohn and Donald Parkinson (original)
DLR Group (renovations)
General contractorEdwards, Widley & Dixon Company (original)[3]
Hunt & Hathaway Dinwiddie Construction Company (renovations)
Tenants
American football

USC Trojans (NCAA) (1923–present)
Los Angeles Rams (NFL) (1946–1979, 2016–present)[7]
Los Angeles Christmas Festival (NCAA) (1924)
UCLA Bruins (NCAA) (1933–1981)
Los Angeles Dons (AAFC) (1946–1949)
Pro Bowl (NFL) (1951–1972, 1979)
Los Angeles Chargers (AFL) (1960)
Los Angeles Raiders (NFL) (1982–1994)
Los Angeles Express (USFL) (1983–1985)
Los Angeles Dragons (SFL) (2000)
Los Angeles Xtreme (XFL) (2001)
Los Angeles Temptation (LFL) (2009–2011)

Baseball

Los Angeles Dodgers (MLB) (1958–1961)

Soccer
Los Angeles Wolves (USA) (1967)
Los Angeles Toros (NPSL) (1967)
Los Angeles Aztecs (www.lacoliseum.com
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (29167511626).jpg
The Peristyle plaza entrance to the Coliseum, including the two bronze Olympic statues
Area18 acres (7.3 ha)
Architectural styleArt Moderne[9]
NRHP reference #84003866[8]
CHISL #960
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJuly 27, 1984
Designated NHLJuly 27, 1984[10]

The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is an American outdoor sports stadium located in the Exposition Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States. The stadium serves as the home to the University of Southern California (USC) Trojans football team of the Pac-12 Conference. It is also the temporary home of the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League (NFL). The Coliseum was home to the Rams from 1946 to 1979, when they moved to Anaheim Stadium in Anaheim. The Coliseum is serving as their home stadium again until the completion of Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park in Inglewood. The facility had a permanent seating capacity of 93,607 for USC football and Rams games, making it the largest football stadium in the Pac-12 Conference and the NFL.[11] USC, which operates and manages the Coliseum, began a major renovation of the stadium in early 2018.[12] During the renovation project the seating capacity will be 78,467. Once USC completes the renovation in 2019, the seating capacity will be 77,500.[13]

The stadium is located in Exposition Park, which is owned by the State of California, and across the street from USC. The Coliseum is jointly owned by the State of California, Los Angeles County, City of Los Angeles and is managed and operated by the Auxiliary Services Department of the University of Southern California.[14] From 1959 to 2016, the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena was located adjacent to the Coliseum; the Sports Arena was closed in March 2016 and demolished between August and October 2016. Banc of California Stadium, a soccer-specific stadium and home of Major League Soccer's Los Angeles FC, was constructed on the former Sports Arena site and opened in April 2018.

The Coliseum will be the first stadium to have hosted the Summer Olympics three times, in 1932, 1984, and the future Summer Olympics in 2028, after the International Olympic Committee confirmed a deal it established on July 31, 2017, during the 131st IOC Session.[15][16]

The stadium also was the temporary home of the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball from 1958 to 1961 and was the host venue for games 3, 4, and 5 of the 1959 World Series. It was the site of the First AFL-NFL World Championship Game, later called Super Bowl I, and Super Bowl VII. Additionally, it has served as a home field for a number of other teams, including the Los Angeles Raiders of the NFL, and UCLA Bruins football. It was declared a National Historic Landmark on July 27, 1984, the day before the opening ceremony of the 1984 Summer Olympics.[10]

The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Commission, which consists of six voting members[17] appointed by the three ownership interests and meets on a monthly basis, provides public oversight of the master lease agreement with USC. Under the lease the University has day-to-day management and operation responsibility for both the Coliseum and Banc of California Stadium properties.[18] The 98-year lease took effect on July 29, 2013, and was signed by the parties on September 5, 2013. The agreement required the University to make approximately $100 million in physical repairs to the Coliseum, pay $1.3 million each year in rent to the State of California for the state owned land the Coliseum property occupies in Exposition Park, maintain the Coliseum's physical condition at the same standard used on the USC Campus, and assume all financial obligations for the operations and maintenance of the Coliseum and Banc of California Stadium Complex.[19][20]

On Monday, January 8, 2018, the University began its $300 million[6] project to renovate and improve the Coliseum. The project, which is solely funded by the University, is scheduled to be completed by the 2019 football season and is the first major upgrade of the stadium in twenty years. Once completed the capacity will go from about 93,607 to 77,500 and the project includes replacing every seat in the stadium along with the addition of luxury boxes and club suites.[21][12] On January 29, 2018, United Airlines, Inc. became the stadium's first naming rights partner, thus making the stadium the United Airlines Memorial Coliseum; the name change will take effect August 2019.[2][22]

Present use

The Coliseum is now primarily the home of the USC Trojans football team and the temporary home of the Los Angeles Rams (until their new stadium is completed). Most of USC's regular home games, especially the alternating games with rivals UCLA and Notre Dame, attract a capacity crowd. The current official capacity of the Coliseum is 78,467.[23][24] USC's women lacrosse and soccer teams use the Coliseum for selected games, usually involving major opponents and televised games.[25] USC also rents the Coliseum to various events, including international soccer games, musical concerts and other large outdoor events.[26]

Olympic Cauldron

The Olympic cauldron (also known as the Olympic Torch) was built for the stadium's two Olympic Games. It is still lit during USC football games and for Los Angeles Rams games, and other special occasions (e.g., when the Olympics are being held in another city).

In addition, the torch has been lit on the following historic occasions:

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