Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum

Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
The Grand Old Lady
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum logo.png
11-11-06-LA-Coliseum-USC-UO.jpg
November 2006 interior view
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Location in L.A. metro area
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is located in California
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Location in California
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is located in the United States
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Location in the United States
Address3911 South Figueroa Street
LocationLos Angeles, California, U.S.
Coordinates34°0′51″N 118°17′16″W / 34°0′51″N 118°17′16″W / 34.01417; -118.28778
Public transitLAMetroLogo.svg Expo Line  Expo Park/USC
Expo/Vermont
OwnerCity of Los Angeles, County of Los Angeles, State of California
OperatorUniversity of Southern California
Executive suites42
Capacity77,500
93,607 (pre-2018)
[1][2]
SurfaceBermuda grass
Construction
Broke groundDecember 21, 1921
OpenedMay 1, 1923
Renovated1930, 1964, 1977–78, 1983, 1993, 1995, 2011, 2017–2019
Construction costUS$954,872.98 (original)[3]($14 million in 2018 dollars[4])
$954,869 (renovations by USC in 2010)
($1.1 million in 2018 dollars[4])
$315 million (renovations by USC in 2018)[5][6][7]
ArchitectJohn and Donald Parkinson (original)
DLR Group (renovations)
General contractorEdwards, Widley & Dixon Company (original)[3]
Hunt & Hathaway Dinwiddie Construction Company (renovations)
Tenants
American football

USC Trojans (NCAA) (1923–present)
Los Angeles Rams (NFL) (1946–1979, 2016–present)[8]
Los Angeles Christmas Festival (NCAA) (1924)
UCLA Bruins (NCAA) (1933–1981)
Los Angeles Dons (AAFC) (1946–1949)
Pro Bowl (NFL) (1951–1972, 1979)
Los Angeles Chargers (AFL) (1960)
Los Angeles Raiders (NFL) (1982–1994)
Los Angeles Express (USFL) (1983–1985)
Los Angeles Dragons (SFL) (2000)
Los Angeles Xtreme (XFL) (2001)
Los Angeles Temptation (LFL) (2009–2011)

Baseball

Los Angeles Dodgers (MLB) (1958–1961)

Soccer
Los Angeles Wolves (USA) (1967)
Los Angeles Toros (NPSL) (1967)
Los Angeles Aztecs (www.lacoliseum.com
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (29167511626).jpg
The Peristyle plaza entrance to the Coliseum, including the two bronze Olympic statues
Area18 acres (7.3 ha)
Architectural styleArt Moderne[10]
NRHP reference #84003866[9]
CHISL #960
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJuly 27, 1984
Designated NHLJuly 27, 1984[11]

The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum is an American outdoor sports stadium located in the Exposition Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States. Conceived as a hallmark of civic pride, the Coliseum was commissioned in 1921 as a memorial to L.A. veterans of World War I. Completed in 1923, it will be the first stadium to have hosted the Summer Olympics three times: 1932, 1984, and 2028.[12] It was declared a National Historic Landmark on July 27, 1984, the day before the opening ceremony of the 1984 Summer Olympics.[11]

The stadium serves as the home to the University of Southern California (USC) Trojans football team of the Pac-12 Conference. USC, which operates and manages the Coliseum, granted naming rights to United Airlines in January 2018; after concerns were raised by Coliseum Commission, the airline became title sponsor of the playing field, naming it United Airlines Field at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. The stadium is located in Exposition Park, which is owned by the State of California, and across the street from USC. The Coliseum is jointly owned by the State of California, Los Angeles County, City of Los Angeles and is managed and operated by the Auxiliary Services Department of the University of Southern California.[13]

It is the temporary home of the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League (NFL). The Coliseum was home to the Rams from 1946 to 1979, when they moved to Anaheim Stadium in Anaheim. The Coliseum is serving as their home stadium again until the completion of SoFi Stadium in Inglewood. The facility had a permanent seating capacity of 93,607 for USC football and Rams games, making it the largest football stadium in the Pac-12 Conference and the NFL.[14]

The stadium also was the temporary home of the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball from 1958 to 1961 and was the host venue for games 3, 4, and 5 of the 1959 World Series. It was the site of the First AFL-NFL World Championship Game, later called Super Bowl I, and Super Bowl VII. Additionally, it has served as a home field for a number of other teams, including the 1960 inaugural season for the Los Angeles Chargers, Los Angeles Raiders of the NFL, and UCLA Bruins football.

From 1959 to 2016, the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena was located adjacent to the Coliseum; the Sports Arena was closed in March 2016 and demolished. Banc of California Stadium, a soccer-specific stadium and home of Major League Soccer's Los Angeles FC, was constructed on the former Sports Arena site and opened in April 2018.

USC began a major renovation of the stadium in early 2018.[15] During the renovation project the seating capacity was 78,467 and became 77,500 upon completion in 2019.[16] The $315 million project was completed by the 2019 football season and was the first major upgrade of the stadium in twenty years.[5] The project included replacing the seating along with the addition of luxury boxes and club suites.

Operation

The Coliseum is primarily the home of the USC Trojans football team and the temporary home of the Los Angeles Rams (until their new stadium is completed). Most of USC's regular home games, especially the alternating games with rivals UCLA and Notre Dame, attract a capacity crowd. The current official capacity of the Coliseum is 77,500 with 42 suites, 1,100 club seats, 24 loge boxes, and 500-person rooftop terrace.[17][18] USC's women lacrosse and soccer teams use the Coliseum for selected games, usually involving major opponents and televised games.[19] USC also rents the Coliseum to various events, including international soccer games, musical concerts and other large outdoor events.[20]

USC

The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Commission, which consists of six voting members[21] appointed by the three ownership interests and meets on a monthly basis, provides public oversight of the master lease agreement with USC. Under the lease the University has day-to-day management and operation responsibility for both the Coliseum and Banc of California Stadium properties.[22] Up until 2013, USC had a series of mostly one- and two-year leases with the commission.[23] In July 2013, USC gained the master lease of the Coliseum, after the previously governing owner Coliseum Commission failed to deliver promised renovations.[24] The 98 year long agreement requires the University to make approximately $100 million in physical repairs to the Coliseum and in addition requires USC pay $1.3 million each year in rent to the State of California for the state owned land the Coliseum property occupies in Exposition Park, maintain the Coliseum's physical condition at the same standard used on the USC Campus, and assume all financial obligations for the operations and maintenance of the Coliseum and Banc of California Stadium Complex.[25][26][27][28]

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